Intact length and breakup frequency are determined by a relatively simple technique.
Frequency-analyzed laser-light scattering (FALLS) is a relatively simple technique that can be used to measure principal characteristics of a sheet of sprayed liquid as it breaks up into ligaments and then the ligaments break up into droplets. In particular, through frequency analysis of laser light scattered from a spray, it is possible to determine whether the laser- illuminated portion of the spray is in the intact-sheet region, the ligament region, or the droplet region. By logical extension, it is possible to determine the intact length from the location of the laser beam at the transition between the intact-sheet and ligament regions and to determine a breakup frequency from the results of the frequency analysis. Hence, FALLS could likely be useful both as a means of performing research on sprays in general and as a means of diagnostic sensing in diverse applications in which liquid fuels are sprayed. Sprays are also used for drying and to deposit paints and other coating materials.
Each test run, lasting about 10 seconds, yielded 50 such sets. The 50 FFTs from each run were combined to obtain a single normalized FFT curve shown by the fluctuating thin curve shown in the upper part of Figure 2. A smoothing routine was invoked to suppress noise in the data, yielding the thick smoother curve shown superimposed on the thinner fluctuating one. Normalization was effected by dividing each FFT magnitude by the greatest magnitude in the noisy combined-FFT curve obtained from the test run in which the nozzle was positioned 44 mm above the light sheet. As shown in the lower part of Figure 2, the shapes of the normalized FFT curves were found to lie in three clusters corresponding to the intact-sheet, ligament, and droplet regions, respectively.