Optical Coating Performance for Heat Reflectors of the JWST-ISIM Electronic Component

A document discusses a thermal radiator design consisting of lightweight composite materials and low-emittance metal coatings for use on the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) structure. The structure will have a Thermal Subsystem unit to provide passive cooling to the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) control electronics. The ISIM, in the JWST observatory, is the platform that provides the mounting surfaces for the instrument control electronics. Dissipating the control electronic generated-heat away from JWST is of paramount importance so that the spacecraft’s own heat does not interfere with the infrared-light gathering of distant cosmic sources.

The need to have lateral control in the emission direction of the IEC (ISIM Electronics Compartment) radiators led to the development of a directional baffle design that uses multiple curved mirrorlike surfaces. This concept started out from the so-called Winston non-imaging optical concentrators that use opposing parabolic reflector surfaces, where each parabola has its focus at the opposite edge of the exit aperture. For this reason they are often known as compound parabolic concentrators or CPCs.

This radiator system with the circular section was chosen for the IEC reflectors because it offers two advantages over other designs. The first is that the area of the reflector strips for a given radiator area is less, which results in a lower mass baffle assembly. Secondly, the fraction of energy emitted by the radiator strips and subsequently reflected by the baffle is less. These fewer reflections reduced the amount of energy that is absorbed and eventually re-emitted, typically in a direction outside the design emission range angle.

A baffle frame holds the mirrors in position above a radiator panel on the IEC. Together, these will direct the majority of the heat from the IEC above the sunshield away towards empty space.

This work was done by Robert A. Rashford, Charles M. Perrygo, Matthew B. Garrison, Bryant K. White, Felix T. Threat, Manuel A. Quijada, James W. Jeans, Frank K. Huber, Robert R. Bousquet, and Dave Shaw of Goddard Space Flight Center. GSC-15823-1

This Brief includes a Technical Support Package (TSP).

Optical Coating Performance for Heat Reflectors of the JWST-ISIM Electronic Component (reference GSC-15823-1) is currently available for download from the TSP library.

Please Login at the top of the page to download.


White Papers

Building a Test System for High-Speed Data Streaming Applications
Sponsored by ADLINK Technology
Antenna Basics
Sponsored by Rohde and Schwarz
How To Guide for the Most Common Measurements
Sponsored by National Instruments
Overcoming the Barriers Imposed by Geometry
Sponsored by SpaceClaim
Sterilization of Medical Equipment
Sponsored by master bond
CFD for Mechanical Design Engineers - “A Paradigm Shift for Better Design”
Sponsored by Mentor Graphics

White Papers Sponsored By: