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Visualizing Acquisition, Processing, and Network Statistics Through Database Queries

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Given a date range, the UAVSAR MySQL database is queried to evaluate data acquisition, processing status, and network performance, and uses the Google Charts API to dynamically return images of pie and bar charts to visualize processing and network statistics. The MySQL database is populated with relevant data that includes processing status, as well as network performance (ping and sample file downloads). Then, using the open Google Charts API, the metrics are displayed for any desired date range.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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Simulating Data Flow via Multiple Secure Connections

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A software simulator was developed to simulate data flow from the Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS) to the Science Data Segment (SDS) for the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) via multiple Secure FTP (sftp) connections. The simulator is a multi-threaded Java program that handles the continuous sftp transfer of large amounts of data with some error-handling capabilities built in.

Posted in: Software, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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Systems and Services for Near-Real-Time Web Access to NPP Data

Software for processing and interpreting S-NPP observations and related data has become publicly available and more readily usable. Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama The recently launched Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) satellite, operated by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), is providing multispectral global observations over the next several years to support a broad array of research and applications. SNPP data products consist of a complex set of data and metadata files in highly specialized formats, and the U.S. government’s operational ground segment delivers these to users with delays of several hours to a few days.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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CCSDS Telemetry Decoder VHDL Core

Costly ground support equipment can be eliminated. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A flexible Telemetry Decoder Core (TDC) has been designed to decode Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) encoded telemetry data. The TDC can be used to eliminate costly ground support equipment by placing the telemetry decoding functions in an inexpensive, commercially available field programmable gate array (FPGA) integrated circuit instead of special-purpose printed circuit boards. The TDC can also be used in the design of telemetry systems by enabling end-toend simulation of these systems’ upfront simulation before any hardware is built. The TDC was developed for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) project and because of its success on that project, it will be used to verify telemetry on the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) project.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Briefs

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Thermal Response of a High-Power Switch to Short Pulses

Simulations are used to calculate temperature changes that occur inside semiconductor switch modules, where measurement is not possible. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland Semiconductor switch modules composed of Super Gate Turn-Off Thyristors (SGTOs) have been evaluated. The switches are intended to handle kiloamplevel currents and may dissipate peak powers measured in megawatts. Recent experiments measured the response of a switch module composed of eight SGTOs to single-short, high-current pulses. Simulations of those experiments were performed to calculate the temperature changes that occur inside the devices, where measurement is not possible. Worst-case operating conditions in which the switches handle several pulses within the space of 4 or 5 seconds (s) also were simulated. Modeling and simulation were performed with SolidWorks 3D modeling software and SolidWorks Simulation computational fluid dynamics software from Dassault Systèmes.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Briefs

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Solar Panel and System Design to Reduce Heating and Optimize Corridors for Lower-Risk Planetary Aerobraking

New approach features aggressive load reduction to reduce risk. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland This innovation presents a spacecraft aerobraking approach that reduces heating and optimizes corridors, which reduces overall risk. This is accomplished by combining solar panel aspect ratio and edge features with simple spacecraft packaging optimization and integrated thermal-analysis techniques that also allow specifying a more benign temperature corridor.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs

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Low-Cost, Very Large Diamond-Turned Metal Mirror

Reliable plating and diamond-turning technologies produce visible quality mirrors for applications such as semiconductor manufacturing. Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama This innovation is a method for fabricating a low-cost, lightweight, large-aperture mirror by constructing only the mirror substrate by electroforming on a master form machined from plastic foam. Electroformed tubes of the same NiP alloy are installed in the foam mirror substrate master. Installing electroformed NiP tubes in the plastic mirror master before plating on the plastic foam mirror substrate allows the mirror faceplate and the back surface of the mirror to be plated onto the ends of the connecting tubes in the foam plastic. Removal of the foam after plating is complete results in a very stiff and lightweight mirror substrate made only of a single material. The low cost of the electroformed mirror substrate is made possible by very fast production of a master surface made of plastic foam that can be rapidly machined with modern, high-speed machining technology to very good mechanical tolerances in only a few hours.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs

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