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Active Aircraft Pylon Noise Control System
Unmanned Aerial Systems Traffic Management
Method of Bonding Dissimilar Materials
Sonar Inspection Robot System
Applying the Dynamic Inertia Measurement Method to Full-Scale Aerospace Vehicles
Method and Apparatus for Measuring Surface Air Pressure
Fully Premixed, Low-Emission, High-Pressure, Multi-Fuel Burner
Self-Healing Wire Insulation
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Saving Energy With Artifical Noise

Ecological and economic factors are prompting telecommunications companies to deploy energy-saving systems. Scientists at Germany's Fraunhofer Institute for Communication Systems ESK provide a solution that combines existing methods - which network providers could implement immediately.

Posted in: GDM, News, News, Energy, Energy Efficiency

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Feather Fibers Fluff Up Hydrogen Storage Capacity

Scientists have developed a new hydrogen storage method - carbonized chicken feather fibers - that can hold vast amounts of hydrogen, and do it at a far lower cost than other hydrogen storage systems. The research could help overcome some of the hurdles to using hydrogen fuel in cars, trucks, and other machinery.

Posted in: GDM, News, News, Energy, Energy Storage, Alternative Fuels, Green Design & Manufacturing

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Sensing Method Checks Refrigerant Levels, Saves Energy

A new “virtual refrigerant charge sensor" saves energy and servicing costs by indicating when air conditioners are low on refrigerant, preventing the units from working overtime. Engineers at Purdue University developed the sensing technique, which is particularly practical for automotive air conditioners.

Posted in: GDM, News, News, Energy, Energy Efficiency

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Hail Monitor Sensor

This method of hail monitoring would be useful for the military and the commercial airline industry. Figure 1 shows damage to the space shuttle’s external tank (ET) that was likely caused by a pea-sized hailstone. Because of the potential damage to the ET while exposed to the weather, it is important to remotely monitor the hail fall in the vicinity of the shuttle pad. If hail of sufficient size and quantity is detected by a hail-monitoring system, the ET would be subsequently thoroughly inspected for damage.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Physical Sciences

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Dual Cryogenic Capacitive Density Sensor

A dual cryogenic capacitive density sensor has been developed. The device contains capacitive sensors that monitor two-phase cryogenic flow density to within ±1% accuracy, which, if temperature were known, could be used to determine the ratio of liquid to gas in the line. Two of these density sensors, located a known distance apart, comprise the sensor, providing some information on the velocity of the flow.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Physical Sciences

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Improved Blackbody Temperature Sensors for a Vacuum Furnace

Through proper selection of materials, it is possible to satisfy severe requirements. Some improvements have been made in the design and fabrication of blackbody sensors (BBSs) used to measure the temperature of a heater core in a vacuum furnace. Each BBS consists of a ring of thermally conductive, high-melting-temperature material with two tantalum-sheathed thermocouples attached at diametrically opposite points. The name “blackbody sensor” reflects the basic principle of operation. Heat is transferred between the ring and the furnace heater core primarily by blackbody radiation, heat is conducted through the ring to the thermocouples, and the temperature of the ring (and, hence, the temperature of the heater core) is measured by use of the thermocouples.

Posted in: Briefs, Manufacturing & Prototyping

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Wide-Range Temperature Sensors With High-Level Pulse Train Output

Two types of temperature sensors have been developed for wide-range temperature applications. The two sensors measure temperature in the range of –190 to +200 °C and utilize a thin-film platinum RTD (resistance temperature detector) as the temperature-sensing element. Other parts used in the fabrication of these sensors include NPO (negative-positive-zero) type ceramic capacitors for timing, thermally-stable film or wire-wound resistors, and high-temperature circuit boards and solder.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Physical Sciences

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