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Researchers Striving to Cut Waste When Slicing Silicon

A filigree wire is standardly used to slice silicon blocks (ingots) into paper-thin wafers for solar cells. This wire can cut through the ingot at a speed of up to 60 km/h. Several hundred kilometers long, the wire is arranged in such a way that the ingot is sliced into hundreds of wafers simultaneously. The process takes around six hours and the resultant slices are approximately 180 µm thick. Researchers are setting out to reduce this thickness, and therefore reduce waste.

Posted in: Solar Power, Energy Efficiency, Energy, News, GDM

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Nanocrystals Could Aid in Solid-State Lighting and CO2 Storage

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have created non-toxic magnesium oxide nanocrystals whose size can be adjusted within just a few nanometers. The nanocrystals glow blue when exposed to ultraviolet light, and could be a bright candidate for lighting that consumes less energy and has a longer lifespan. The nanocrystals could also allow researchers to probe a key pathway in carbon dioxide sequestration.

Posted in: Climate, Pollution, Green Design & Manufacturing, Greenhouse Gases, Lighting, News, GDM

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Process Cleans Wastewater, Generates Electricity, Desalinates Seawater

A team of researchers from the U.S. and China modified a microbial fuel cell - a device that uses naturally occurring bacteria to convert wastewater into clean water producing electricity - so it could desalinate salty water. The new process cleans wastewater, generates electricity, and removes 90 percent of salt from brackish water or seawater.

Posted in: Pollution, Remediation Technologies, Green Design & Manufacturing, Energy Efficiency, Energy, News, GDM

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Emitters Provide Flexibility

Philips Lumileds (San Jose, CA) expanded its LUXEON® Rebel family of LEDs with nine new emitters designed for illumination solutions such as recessed lighting, street lamps, and retrofit bulbs. The new LEDs meet ENERGY STAR® requirements.

Posted in: Energy Efficiency, Energy, Lighting, News, Products, GDM

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Ethanol Funding Opportunity

DOE announced the availability of up to $5.5 million from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to increase the use of higher ethanol blends up to E85 (85% ethanol/15% gasoline) by expanding refueling infrastructure.

Posted in: Alternative Fuels, Green Design & Manufacturing, Biomass, Renewable Energy, Energy, Transportation, Government Initiatives, Government, News, GDM

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Working Toward Better CO2 Capture

Separating carbon dioxide from its polluting source - such as the flue gas from a coal-fired power plant - may soon become cleaner and more efficient thanks to a screening method developed by a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researcher.

Posted in: Climate, Pollution, Green Design & Manufacturing, Greenhouse Gases, News, GDM

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LED Driver Increases Component Longevity

Supertex, Inc. (Sunnyvale, CA) introduces a buck-mode LED driver IC with hysteretic current control and high-side current sensing. The HV9918 is ideal for a variety of solid-state lighting applications, such as low-voltage industrial and architectural LED lighting.

Posted in: Lighting, News, Products, GDM

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