Home

A Synthetic Quadrature Phase Detector/ Demodulator for Fourier Transform Spectrometers

This method makes it possible to use simple, low-cost, high-resolution audio digitizers. Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia Fourier transform spectroscopy works by measuring a spectral/light signal through a Michelson interferometer. In order to know the wavelength of the signal, one must use a stable reference, which is typically a metrology laser. In a standard Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) system, the laser signal also runs through the interferometer and the laser beam is guided to a separate detector that is then used to trigger an analog-to-digital converter, which then captures the spectral signal.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP

Read More >>

Device for Direct Measurement of the Diffusivity and Molecular Release Through Membranes and Filters

Controlled-release systems for drug delivery, molecular sieving, and single-molecule detection use micro and nano structures. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas Concentration-driven molecular diffusion is a fundamental phenomenon essential for the transport of nutrients in cells, for oxygen exchange in the lungs, and mating of chemicals in industrial reactors and the food industry. Thus, diffusion plays a key role in a variety of disciplines. The concentration-driven diffusive transport is commonly described by Fick’s laws of diffusion. It is most often approximated by the Stokes-Einstein equation, which assumes a rigid solute sphere diffusing in a continuum of solvent at a low Reynolds number and infinite dilution.

Posted in: Briefs

Read More >>

Increased Alignment in Carbon Nanotube Growth

Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California The combination of electronic and mechanical properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) has led to wide-ranging investigation of their potential in future electronics and computing, sensors, electrodes, and composites. A method and system for fabricating an array of two or more CNT structures on a coated substrate surface was developed.

Posted in: Briefs

Read More >>

Process to Fabricate Specific Sized Monodisperse Polystyrene Microparticles

Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia A new method was developed to prepare monodisperse nano to microparticles of polystyrene ranging from 0.5 to 2.5 microns in relatively large-quantity batches (2 L, 10% by weight in water). Current commercial sources are very expensive and can typically only be acquired on a relatively small scale. Monodisperse polystyrene in this size range is an important component of laser velocimetry measurements in wind tunnels, but has many other potential uses. Polystyrene microparticles have uses in paints/coatings, adhesives, bio/immunoassays, reaction catalysts, and chromatography materials. The main benefits of this technology are low cost, scalability, and selectable size.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP

Read More >>

Atmospheric Pressure Plasma-Based Fabrication of Printable Electronics and Functional Coatings

Applications include biomedical, consumer electronics, security, and communications industries. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California The need for low-cost and environmentally friendly processes for fabricating printable electronics and biosensor chips is growing. Nanomaterials have proved to be very useful in both printable electronics due to their electronic properties, and in biosensors for signal transduction, and amplification. Chemical vapor deposition requires high temperatures for the growth of nanostructures, restricting the type and nature of materials that can be used as substrates. Conventional plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition requires high vacuum equipment, and the need for vacuum results in additional costs of vacuum pumps and energy resources.

Posted in: Briefs

Read More >>

Passive Destructive Interference Acoustic Liner for a Turbofan Engine Using Additive Manufacturing

John H. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio This technology exploits the capabilities of additive manufacturing to attenuate the fan noise within the inlet or aft duct of a turbofan engine. The approach may be expanded to include auxiliary power units, environmental control systems, or other cooling systems requiring noise attenuation.

Posted in: Briefs

Read More >>

Diminutive Assembly for Nanosatellite deploYables (DANY) Miniature Release Mechanism

New deployment mechanism offers improved reliability with minimum space and weight penalty. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland CubeSat appendices such as solar panels and antennas often need to be constrained by a release mechanism during launch. These appendices are then deployed once the desired orbit is reached. The usual constraint method used is a combination of an unpredictable/ unreliable fishing line and burning wire. If a proper release mechanism is used, it utilizes a considerable amount of CubeSat internal space, making the internal packaging of the satellite more difficult. These two methods have adverse effects on CubeSat performance.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP

Read More >>