Cost-Effective Wind Turbine Generator

The Cutcher Wind Turbine Generator provides low- and no-cost power by utilizing tall structures such as rural and urban homes, as well as businesses and buildings. Unlike traditional wind-power generators, the Cutcher Wind Turbine Generator utilizes the wind current that is channeled around buildings and tall structures, eliminating the building of an additional tower for a platform. The generator utilizes wind-driven blades arranged around a hub. As the wind blows, the blades and hub begin to turn, the mechanical drive is activated, and it initiates the electric generator. The generator can be constructed from high-grade aluminum and is scalable to fit specifications for use in both industrial and consumer applications. It is engineered and designed with a box-like frame that employs wind-blocking walls that prevent the wind currents from blowing the blades in the reverse direction. The generator can be installed on existing buildings and structures such as homes, barns, grain elevators, office buildings, and oil tanks.

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Selective Elimination of Nitrogen Oxides from Exhaust Gases

The Environment Purification Materials team of AIST’s Synergy Materials Research Center (Japan) has successfully developed and tested significantly improved electrochemical reactors for the selective elimination of nitrogen oxides (NOx) in a range of industrial exhaust gases containing oxygen. The inventors have engineered and refined the electrochemical cell anode, cathode, and solid oxide electrolyte to possess nano- and micro-structure control. This fundamental improvement enables very highly efficient operation at low levels of electrical power and current required for NOx decomposition in the presence of excess oxygen.

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Chemical Analysis without Reagents

A portfolio of technologies applies mid-infrared spectroscopy to the analysis of fluids. Any fluid can be analyzed, including blood, serum, and other biological fluids. Tests are non-destructive. The techniques require no reagents or other chemicals, and thus there are no chemicals to store or dispose of. The spectroscopic signatures obtained from the samples can be used to aid the diagnosis of disease, among other applications, because molecular signatures are unique. The technique has a high sensitivity to the conformation of the molecule: shape, folding, symmetry, and its state.

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Laser Drilling of Ceramic Composites to Form Smooth-Walled Holes

Attempts to mechanically drill high-temperature ceramic components can doom them to failure. Even laser drilling can compromise the surface oxidation layer that protects the composite part in high- temperature service.

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Molecular Vaccine for Prophylaxis and Treatment of Listeriosis

Biomedical Center in Moscow has developed a peptide formulation that induces activation and proliferation of the cytotoxic lymphocyte’s (CTL) clones and enables them to recognize and selectively kill Listeria infected cells. As the lifetime of CTL clones is 3 to 7 years or more the formulation could be used for both prophylaxis and treatment. The developer is looking for support/collaboration to implement the following three stages: promoting the peptide preparation as a veterinarian vaccine; promoting the peptide preparation as human vaccine; and promoting the peptide preparation in Europe and other markets.

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Diagnostic Pattern Recognition Using Mid-IR Spectroscopy

By applying mid-infrared spectroscopy to bodily fluids, this suite of technologies offers the potential for quick, accurate, and inexpensive diagnostic support for a variety of diseases in humans or animals. Every disease or condition results in quantitative imbalances in the “normally occurring” molecules of the body — raised glucose or cholesterol, for example. Pathogens like bacteria and viruses contribute their own molecular loads as well as destabilizing the body’s “homeostasis;” its usual stable and healthy condition. A spectrographic “snapshot” of sample fluids from blood serum, lymph, and saliva can be matched to the unique spectroscopic pattern of known conditions and diseases. Pattern recognition can then result in a quick diagnosis.

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Precision Feedback-Controlled Laser Drilling for Fluid Flow Apertures

This technology provides a method of laserdrilling any component under the control of real-time feedback to provide for predictable, calibrated fluid flow through one or an array of holes formed in the component. The technique can improve flow control through a machined part by an order of magnitude or more over conventional open-loop laser drilling technologies, increasing the predicted lifetime of component parts. The method can be applied to any component or device that requires controlled flow of any fluid.

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Printable Biosensor for On-Site, Online Measurements

Bioactive Hybrid Materials for Photonic Microsystems It allows samples to be analyzed on site within a few minutes by integrating biotechnology, information technology, electronics, physics, and chemistry to realize small and cost-effective bio-photonic microsystems.

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High Performance Single Crystal Piezoelectrics

The new single crystals offered here possess exceptional properties and are poised to revolutionize piezoelectric materials applications. In addition to strain levels exceeding 1% (usable strain: 0.5% at 35 kV/cm), these crystals exhibit five times the strain energy density of conventional piezoceramics. Thus, unlike piezoceramic actuators that employ strain magnification schemes, single crystal actuators can deliver higher strain levels without sacrificing generative force. The high electromechanical coupling of the proposed crystals (>90%) increases transducer bandwidth, resulting in greater sensitivity and acoustic power. In addition, low strain hysteresis results in improved high power efficiency, and lower acoustic impedance than piezoceramics allowing for easier matching to air or water. High coupling also leads to dramatic improvement in passive vibration damping.

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Novel Nano-Structured Concept for Thermal Protection System

Lightweight carbon-carbon (C/C) composites produced by pressure-assisted co- polymerization of carbon fibers, hydrocarbons and fullerenes have excellent mechanical properties and high thermal stability that make them ideal for thermal protection applications.

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