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Meanwhile on the Space Station…

NASA astronaut Scott Kelly and Russian Cosmonaut Mikhail Kornienko have begun a one-year mission in space. The mission will help researchers better understand how the human body reacts and adapts to long-duration spaceflight. While on the ISS, Kelly’s identical twin brother, retired NASA astronaut Mark Kelly, will undergo comparative genetic studies. Differences, or lack thereof, between the Kelly brothers after Scott’s year in space and Mark’s year on Earth could shed new light on the effects of spaceflight on the human body.

Posted in: Articles, UpFront

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Researcher Spotlight: Imaging Software Improves Video Monitoring of Vital Signs

By detecting nearly imperceptible changes in skin color, emerging imaging technologies have been able to extract pulse rate, breathing rate, and other vital signs from a person facing a camera. The videography tools have struggled, however, to compensate for low light conditions, dark skin tones, and movement.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs

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High Dynamic Range Imaging (HDRI) Upgrades Inspection Results

HDRI features capture details when the environment, or the objects themselves, are both bright and dark. Designers and operators of automated inspection systems have long been challenged with completing accurate inspections when those tasks required high dynamic range, or when there was a need to capture critical details in objects or environments with high contrast between their brightest and darkest areas.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs

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Integrating Functional Pneumatic Safety Devices into Control Systems

Over the past several years, controls engineers have become adept at applying control systems to machine safety applications. The issue is that safety is a moving target. There are new and revised international standards to contend with. Furthermore, the supplier community is moving swiftly forward in developing solutions that render the old way of doing things obsolete.

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Glaucoma Sensor Monitors Eye Continuously

More than three million Americans are currently living with glaucoma, an eye disorder with few symptoms in its early stages. Globally, the number may increase to almost 80 million by 2020, according to the British Journal of Ophthalmology. Glaucoma eventually leads to damage of the optic nerve.

Posted in: Articles, Sensors

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New Control Possibilities for Wireless Switches

Wireless controls have been widely accepted and embraced in the industrial community. Widespread use of monitoring devices in the process industry, the deployment of RFID components in a variety of industry segments, and the demonstrated performance of a large, installed base of the technologies serve as evidence of their viability.

Posted in: Articles, Sensors

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The Strain Gauge Gets an Upgrade

The strain gauge, a device commonly used in the aerospace industry to detect stress and deformation, has its limitations. The three copper wires of the strain gauge often lead to labor-intensive efforts; a large, complicated structure requiring 100 strain measurements, for example, means 300 lead wires. As the implementation becomes more complex, the wire bundle itself gets bigger and heavier. Strain gauges are also susceptible to electronic magnetic interference, and the sensors must be spaced out at distant intervals.

Posted in: Articles, Sensors

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