Nasa Tech Briefs

Shift: Self-Healing Independent File Transfer

Shift replaces traditional sequential transfers, which are highly vulnerable to failures at every point along the path between the client and remote file systems.In high-end computing environments, remote file transfers of very large data sets to and from computational resources are commonplace, as users typically are widely distributed across different organizations and must transfer in data to be processed, and transfer out results for further analysis. Local transfers of this same data across file systems are frequently performed by administrators to optimize resource utilization when new file systems come online or storage becomes imbalanced between existing file systems. In both cases, files must traverse many components on their journey from source to destination, where there are numerous opportunities for performance optimization as well as failure. A number of tools exist for providing reliable and/or high-performance file transfer capabilities, but most do not support local transfers, require specific security models and/or transport applications, are difficult for individual users to deploy, and/or are not fully optimized for highest performance.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Architecture, Computer software and hardware, Data exchange, Reliability

Read More >>

Designing Stronger Concrete

Plasticity at small scales boosts concrete's utility as the world's most-used material by letting it constantly adjust to stress, decades or centuries after hardening. To find out why, Rice University researchers performed an atom-level computer analysis of tobermorite, a naturally occurring crystalline analog to the calcium-silicate-hydrate (C-S-H) that makes up cement, which in turn holds concrete together. By understanding the internal structure of tobermorite, they hope to make concrete stronger, tougher, and better able to deform without cracking under stress.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Finite element analysis, Composite materials, Materials properties, Test procedures

Read More >>

Designing Materials with Reprogrammable Shape and Function

Researchers from Harvard University's John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering have developed a general framework for designing reconfigurable metamaterials — materials whose function is determined by structure, not composition.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Research and development, Materials properties, Smart materials, Biomechanics

Read More >>

Designing and 3D Printing Customized Insoles for Diabetics

Insoles for diabetics have traditionally been handmade by makers of orthopedic shoes. In the future, these specialist shoemakers will be able to produce insoles more cost effectively using new software and 3D printers.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Diseases, Prostheses and implants, Additive manufacturing, Productivity

Read More >>

Software Improves Medication Adherence for Heart Stent Patients

MyIDEA (My Interventional Drug-Eluting Stent Education App) software was developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) who study data-simplification to improve clinical outcomes. The tablet computer application helps heart patients with drug-eluting stents take their medications correctly.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Computer software and hardware, Cardiovascular system, Medical equipment and supplies, Education, Education and training, Pharmaceuticals

Read More >>

Launch Trajectory Acquisition System (LTAS) Simulator

The objective of the LTAS Simulator application is to transmit one or more streams of simulated LTAS data frames in User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets to the network. Each LTAS data frame is filled with simulated data values, with each data field determined using several methods: 1) constant value from the user’s input via a graphical user interface (GUI), 2) internal generated counter from a start value, 3) internally generated random value using uniform probability that is set by the user, and 4) internally generated modified value using uniform probability that is set by the user.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Trajectory control, Computer simulation, Spacecraft guidance, Human machine interface (HMI), Displays

Read More >>

Inductive Monitoring System Graphical User Interface (IMS GUI) for Processing, Analyzing, and Cleaning Datasets

The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software uses data mining techniques to automatically characterize nominal system operation by analyzing archived system data. These nominal characterizations are then used to perform near-realtime system health monitoring or analyze archived system data to detect anomalies in system behavior as compared with previous nominal behavior. To operate most effectively for system monitoring, the archived system data used to build the system models for IMS should contain only nominal operations data. Most available data sets contain contaminated data, data transients, or other data that does not represent nominal operations. Finding and removing these undesirable off-nominal data points manually is an error-prone and time-consuming task. Along with a variety of data extraction and program controls, the IMS graphical user interface (IMS GUI) allows the user to visually examine results of IMS monitoring analyses, and graphically select segments of data and outlier data points using a mouse or similar input device. The GUI will then automatically process the candidate dataset to remove undesired data points, leaving a clean dataset containing nominal data to use for building IMS system monitoring models.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Computer software and hardware, Human machine interface (HMI), Displays, Vehicle health management, Data management, Reliability

Read More >>

The U.S. Government does not endorse any commercial product, process, or activity identified on this web site.