Nasa Tech Briefs

Adverse Condition and Critical Event Prediction Toolbox (ACCEPT)

One of the main features is the relaxation of the technical conditions required for robust early detection of the onset of adverse events.Many natural or complex engineered systems rely upon critical functions or processes that can be measured with the aid of various sensors or other novel devices. As a result, sensor and measurement data can be used to learn a parametric or non-parametric model of the behavior for a given process or metric. For such processes or metrics, it may be critical to avoid or be forewarned of impending level crossings that may characterize entry into extreme or potentially catastrophic operating regimes. Under certain circumstances, the metric to be monitored may represent the residual, or difference between an actual value and a predicted value generated by an independent regression method, rather than a physical process having a physically interpretable meaning.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Measurements, Safety critical systems, Sensors and actuators


MATLAB Webification Science Client

The Matlab Webification Science Client consists of several functions that access remote w10n-sci repositories to retrieve data. It supports user sessions to authenticate and authorize access to restricted repositories. In command line mode, it can list the contents of a w10n-sci node, change to other nodes, and retrieve data in chunks or as entire files. Command line mode facilitates batch processing of w10n-sci data by embedding these functions in custom MATLAB scripts.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, CAD, CAM, and CAE, Data exchange, Human machine interface (HMI)


Lunar Thin Section Particle Identification and Analysis Algorithm

Particle shape is a very important property in many fields of research, and with many practical, diverse, and commercially important applications including pharmaceuticals, civil engineering, metallurgy, health, and food processing. Many of the methods used to evaluate the shapes of solid particles employ a plane section through the particles. This mode may be termed Plane of Section. Plane of Section abstracts three-dimensional (3D) objects to two dimensions (2D).

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Mathematical models, Particulate matter (PM), Identification



Libibvpp provides a C++ wrapper API to the libibverbs library. Libibverbs is the OpenIB library that provides the Verbs API for programming Infiniband hardware. It is written in C and provides a C API. Because the API is in C, it is up to the library user to do explicit resource management for the objects created through the API.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Computer software and hardware, Data management, Terminology


Analytical Methodology to Predict the Radiometric Emissivity of a Parabolic Mesh Reflector

The demands for high-sensitivity and high-resolution radiometry have recently led the science community to examine the use of large deployable mesh reflectors, which have heretofore only been used in telecommunications applications.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Mathematical analysis, Telecommunications, Emissions, Radiation


Detection and Characterization of Recurring Slope Lineae

Recurring Slope Lineae (RSL) are low-albedo features that appear and disappear seasonally on Martian slopes. They provide distinct surface markers that are thought to result from the activity of subsurface water. Reliable characterizations of RSL activity are needed to test this hypothesis. RSL are of high scientific interest, and could inform future mission planning priorities beyond sample return.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Terrain, Water, Identification


Streams: A Hyper-Responsive Telemetry Interaction Tool on the Web

A new search database provides a hyper-responsive interface that allows operators to rapidly search for only the datapoints of interest.JPL Operations Engineers (Operators) need to interact with their telemetry to assess the health of and successfully operate a spacecraft or rover. Operators must analyze the immediate data for health and understand the current state of these complex systems, but they also must be able to evaluate the long-term engineering data to identify trends and potential pitfalls that develop over time. Whether starting with long-term trends or short-term data, operators have large amounts of data and need a tool so that their expertise is spent analyzing the data and trends, rather than working to tease these trends from outdated toolsets not equipped to handle large data sets. Existing tools pre-compute either long-term trends or short-term plots, but further ad-hoc analysis is prohibitively difficult, can take many hours per query, and queries necessitate either special access or that the operator be on a specific network to access data and to correlate it to models.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Computer software and hardware, Internet, Telemetry, Data management


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