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Object-Oriented FITS File Interface for MATLAB

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland The ability to read complicated Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) files in MATLAB was required for analyzing data from the Integrated Science Instrument Module (ISIM) cryovac test campaign for the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) project. This software was written to fill that specific need, but is more generally applicable.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Analysis methodologies, Communication protocols, Computer software and hardware

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Space Station Research Explorer

This program presents experiments, facilities, and research results from the International Space Station in formats that could be easily understood by a wide audience. Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas The Space Station Research Explorer provides current information on International Space Station (ISS) experiments, facilities, and research results through video, photos, interactive media, and in-depth descriptions on iOS and Android devices.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Education, Education and training, Spacecraft

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Integrated Circuit for Radio Astronomy Correlators Supporting Large Arrays of Antennas

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Radio telescopes that employ arrays of many antennas are in operation, and ever-larger ones are being designed and proposed. Signals from the antennas are combined by cross-correlation. While the cost of most components of the telescope is proportional to the number of antennas, N, the cost and power consumption of cross-correlation are proportional to N2, and dominate at sufficiently large N. As radio telescopes get larger, there is a need to provide digital-signal-processing electronics that are smaller and less power-hungry than would be implied by the extrapolation of existing designs.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Software, Antennas, Integrated circuits, Radio equipment

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BALFIT Version 3.1 Multivariate Regression Analysis and Regression Model Optimization Software

Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California The software package BALFIT was developed for both the processing of wind tunnel strain-gage balance data and the analysis of more general multivariate experimental data sets. The software uses automatically generated regression models for the analysis. These optimized regression models are the result of the application of a math model search algorithm to a given multivariate data set. This important feature of BALFIT greatly reduces the time it takes to do an analysis. It has also made the prediction of the dependent variable values more reliable because widely accepted objective metrics are used for the regression model term selection.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Software, Analysis methodologies, Mathematical models, Computer software and hardware, Wind tunnel tests

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Mariana Text Classification System

Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California Support Vector Machines (SVM) can be used as a binary classifier for a wide range of data and problems. For text, it is often used to determine automatically if a document belongs to a given topic category. Automatic and reliable classification of documents can be an invaluable tool for industries that monitor problem reports, accident reports, maintenance logs, and corrective action reports that span different specialties.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Software, Computer software and hardware, Data management, Identification

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Marshall MRMS Mosaic Python Toolkit (MMM-Py)

Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama This Python script will allow the user to read, analyze, and display National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Multi-Radar/Multi-Sensor(MRMS) mosaic tile files containing mosaic radar reflectivities on a national 3D grid. Simple diagnostics and plotting, as well as computation of composite reflectivity, are available.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Software, Computer software and hardware, Radar, Weather and climate

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Data Encoding and Parallelization Porting Techniques to Transform Binary Data Formats to Hadoop/MapReduce

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland The objective of this invention is to transform applications that process big data in arbitrary formats using the MapReduce parallel programming model and executed on the open-source Hadoop platform. Many legacy data-intensive applications do not scale out of a single server. Some applications can load-balance to multicore, but scalability is limited by intensive IO. Hadoop/MapReduce is a massively scalable programming paradigm modeled after Google’s implementation. There are many use cases to show Hadoop/MapReduce can scale linearly to hundreds or even thousands of servers for big data analysis. The problem is how to transparently transform a legacy serial data processing code to take full advantage of Hadoop/MapReduce parallel processing framework.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software, Big data, Computer software and hardware

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