Nasa Tech Briefs

Designing and 3D Printing Customized Insoles for Diabetics

Insoles for diabetics have traditionally been handmade by makers of orthopedic shoes. In the future, these specialist shoemakers will be able to produce insoles more cost effectively using new software and 3D printers.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Diseases, Prostheses and implants, Additive manufacturing, Productivity

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Software Improves Medication Adherence for Heart Stent Patients

MyIDEA (My Interventional Drug-Eluting Stent Education App) software was developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) who study data-simplification to improve clinical outcomes. The tablet computer application helps heart patients with drug-eluting stents take their medications correctly.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Computer software and hardware, Cardiovascular system, Medical equipment and supplies, Education, Education and training, Pharmaceuticals

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Launch Trajectory Acquisition System (LTAS) Simulator

The objective of the LTAS Simulator application is to transmit one or more streams of simulated LTAS data frames in User Datagram Protocol (UDP) packets to the network. Each LTAS data frame is filled with simulated data values, with each data field determined using several methods: 1) constant value from the user’s input via a graphical user interface (GUI), 2) internal generated counter from a start value, 3) internally generated random value using uniform probability that is set by the user, and 4) internally generated modified value using uniform probability that is set by the user.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Trajectory control, Computer simulation, Spacecraft guidance, Human machine interface (HMI), Displays

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Inductive Monitoring System Graphical User Interface (IMS GUI) for Processing, Analyzing, and Cleaning Datasets

The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software uses data mining techniques to automatically characterize nominal system operation by analyzing archived system data. These nominal characterizations are then used to perform near-realtime system health monitoring or analyze archived system data to detect anomalies in system behavior as compared with previous nominal behavior. To operate most effectively for system monitoring, the archived system data used to build the system models for IMS should contain only nominal operations data. Most available data sets contain contaminated data, data transients, or other data that does not represent nominal operations. Finding and removing these undesirable off-nominal data points manually is an error-prone and time-consuming task. Along with a variety of data extraction and program controls, the IMS graphical user interface (IMS GUI) allows the user to visually examine results of IMS monitoring analyses, and graphically select segments of data and outlier data points using a mouse or similar input device. The GUI will then automatically process the candidate dataset to remove undesired data points, leaving a clean dataset containing nominal data to use for building IMS system monitoring models.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Computer software and hardware, Human machine interface (HMI), Displays, Vehicle health management, Data management, Reliability

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Computer Models Could Help Design Physical Therapy Regimens

After a stroke, patients typically have trouble walking, and few are able to regain the gait they had before suffering a stroke. Researchers funded by the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) in Bethesda, MD have developed a computational walking model that could help guide patients to their best possible recovery after a stroke.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Computer simulation, Mathematical models, Kinematics, Medical equipment and supplies, Biomechanics

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ISO 26262 & Automotive Electronics Development

Compliance standards, especially those that involve relatively new functional safety elements, will likely add additional requirements to the development process. But ISO 26262, in particular, will add more than new requirements to the product life cycle for automotive hardware-software systems. This Functional Safety standard will act as a framework impacting integrated requirements traceability, risk management, validation, verification, documentation and collaboration throughout the systems engineering “V” model life cycle process (see Figure). ISO 26262 will also require the qualification of tools used to create automotive systems. This paper examines the impact of the standard on the development process and support tool chains for automotive electronics.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Semiconductors & ICs, Software, Computer software and hardware, Life cycle analysis, Safety regulations and standards

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BPTables DTN Bundle Filtering Framework

The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) standardized Bundle Protocol (BP) enables data transfer using “bundles” over a Delay/Disruption Tolerant Network (DTN). BPTables is a bundle filtering framework that enables the establishment of barriers between more and less trusted BP network domains, and complements a security framework that includes the Simplified Bundle Security Protocol (SBSP). BPTables is implemented for the Linux port of the Interplanetary Overlay Network (ION) Bundle Protocol (BP) implementation of the DTN protocol stack. BPTables blocks forwarding of bundles whose source and destination node numbers are not explicitly allowed by the filtering policy, and by default all IPN bundles will be blocked. The current implementation presents a minimal resource footprint on embedded systems. The bundle filtering policy is determined by the contents of a rule file. Rules consist of ordered pairs (A, B) where traffic is permitted to flow from node A to node B. The rule parser understands wildcards (to simplify rule construction), and is able to optimize and combine rules to speed up evaluation.

Posted in: Briefs, Software, Architecture, Communication protocols, Data exchange

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