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Detecting an Extreme Minority Class in Hyperspectral Data Using Machine Learning

Automated classifiers can detect surface sulfur in orbital remote sensing observations. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Orbital remote sensing provides a powerful way to efficiently survey targets for features of interest in inaccessible regions of the Earth as well as on other planets. One such feature of astrobiological relevance is the presence of surface sulfur deposits, which may be present on icy moons such as Europa. All hyperspectral instruments face the difficult task of spectral feature selection (finding the spectral bands that matter), especially those that operate in previously unstudied arenas encountered in planetary missions. This software demonstrates how manually annotated labels can enable automated feature discovery that boosts science return.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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KSC Spaceport Weather Data Archive

John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida The Spaceport Weather Data Archive provides a fully searchable database of weather data gathered at Kennedy Space Center and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Weather data includes wind, temperature, and humidity data from a surface meteorological tower network; upper air soundings from both weather balloons and radar wind profilers; and data from the extensive rain gauge network. Not only can the user easily retrieve data and download it, but the user can also view graphically the weather data on a map overlay. For example, the user can enter search criteria to view all lightning strikes ending at a particular date/time, and graphically see the lightning strikes color-coded based on elapsed time for the prior seven hours. A unique feature of the software is the capability to invoke an automated playback for cloud-to-ground lightning events on a geographic overlay for a selected date and time interval.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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Visualizing Acquisition, Processing, and Network Statistics Through Database Queries

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Given a date range, the UAVSAR MySQL database is queried to evaluate data acquisition, processing status, and network performance, and uses the Google Charts API to dynamically return images of pie and bar charts to visualize processing and network statistics. The MySQL database is populated with relevant data that includes processing status, as well as network performance (ping and sample file downloads). Then, using the open Google Charts API, the metrics are displayed for any desired date range.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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Simulating Data Flow via Multiple Secure Connections

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A software simulator was developed to simulate data flow from the Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS) to the Science Data Segment (SDS) for the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) via multiple Secure FTP (sftp) connections. The simulator is a multi-threaded Java program that handles the continuous sftp transfer of large amounts of data with some error-handling capabilities built in.

Posted in: Software, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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Systems and Services for Near-Real-Time Web Access to NPP Data

Software for processing and interpreting S-NPP observations and related data has become publicly available and more readily usable. Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama The recently launched Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (SNPP) satellite, operated by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration(NOAA), is providing multispectral global observations over the next several years to support a broad array of research and applications. SNPP data products consist of a complex set of data and metadata files in highly specialized formats, and the U.S. government’s operational ground segment delivers these to users with delays of several hours to a few days.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Data Acquisition, Briefs

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CCSDS Telemetry Decoder VHDL Core

Costly ground support equipment can be eliminated. Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A flexible Telemetry Decoder Core (TDC) has been designed to decode Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) encoded telemetry data. The TDC can be used to eliminate costly ground support equipment by placing the telemetry decoding functions in an inexpensive, commercially available field programmable gate array (FPGA) integrated circuit instead of special-purpose printed circuit boards. The TDC can also be used in the design of telemetry systems by enabling end-toend simulation of these systems’ upfront simulation before any hardware is built. The TDC was developed for the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) project and because of its success on that project, it will be used to verify telemetry on the Magnetospheric Multiscale (MMS) project.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Briefs

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Thermal Response of a High-Power Switch to Short Pulses

Simulations are used to calculate temperature changes that occur inside semiconductor switch modules, where measurement is not possible. Army Research Laboratory, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland Semiconductor switch modules composed of Super Gate Turn-Off Thyristors (SGTOs) have been evaluated. The switches are intended to handle kiloamplevel currents and may dissipate peak powers measured in megawatts. Recent experiments measured the response of a switch module composed of eight SGTOs to single-short, high-current pulses. Simulations of those experiments were performed to calculate the temperature changes that occur inside the devices, where measurement is not possible. Worst-case operating conditions in which the switches handle several pulses within the space of 4 or 5 seconds (s) also were simulated. Modeling and simulation were performed with SolidWorks 3D modeling software and SolidWorks Simulation computational fluid dynamics software from Dassault Systèmes.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, Briefs

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