Electrical/Electronics

Nonlinear Model Predictive Control

This whitepaper presents an automatic workflow for implementing Model Predictive Control (MPC) controllers. The process uses MapleSim to generate a model of the system, whose dynamic equations are then extracted using Maple. Next, Maple is used to formulate the MPC problem, and generate the solver, which it automatically converts into the C code of the MPC controller. The advantage of using Maple is that the required procedures and their corresponding derivatives are computed and optimized whenever there is a change in the dynamic equations. The use of Maple saves time, removes human error, and produces highly optimized controller code.

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Three Phase Active Power Factor Correction in a Single Step

Isolated, Regulated DC Output in One Conversion Reduces Cost, Complexity and Risk Multi-step regulation and isolation of electronic circuits is a complex and costly process for AC to DC conversion in high power applications, demanding close attention to power factor and current distortion, as well as size, weight, efficiency and cost. To solve these challenges for the power conversion engineer, Marotta Controls has developed its new patent-pending 1-STEP AC-DC Conversion™.

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NUMIT2.0

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Internal electrostatic discharge (IESD) can cause spacecraft failure and anomalies related to the space environment, but it is very hard to predict when IESD might happen. Therefore, assessment of the IESD at a given space environment and a given dielectric geometry is important for spacecraft reliability.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP

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Reusable Integrated Instrument Control and Computing Platform

This reusable hardware/software platform has applications in embedded systems and digital signal processing applications in small spacecraft, airborne avionics, and instrument electronics. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California ISAAC (Instrument Shared Artifact for Computing) offers adaptability, computation power, I/O bandwidth, digital interface standards, and data processing capability in a single, common, low-mass/power, and small-form-factor platform with significantly reduced, nonrecurring cost and risk to Earth Science instruments such as SMAP/HYDROS and other NASA/JPL planetary exploration instruments with diverse requirements. This platform has six key components:

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Compact, Two-Stage, 120-W GaN High-Power Amplifier for SweepSAR Radar Systems

This innovation can be used for geophysical remote sensing radar applications. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Next-generation synthetic aperture radar (SAR) remote sensing platforms utilize new concepts such as the SweepSAR techniques that provide increased swath size, high resolution, rapid global coverage, and subcentimeter interferometry and polarimetry. An L-band SweepSAR mission would use multiple transmit/receive (T/R) channels and digital beamforming to achieve simultaneously high resolution and large swath. One of the key challenges in implementing the SweepSAR concept is the development of space-qualified efficient transmit/receive modules (TRMs) that provide the amplitude and phase stability necessary for repeat pass interferometry.

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Eliminating Wires in Making Electrical Connections to a Stack of Electron and Ion Optical Components

This technology can be used in environmental monitoring applications that require miniature, robust mass spectrometers. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Making electrical connections inside a vacuum chamber to a stack of electron and ion optical components using the conventional approach of discrete wires is not efficient because: (1) the separate wires must be insulated from each other and the interior structures; (2) the wires must be spot welded or mechanically secured at their end points to the electrical feedthroughs and optical components, both of which are typically bulky and prone to failure in vibration; and (3) the wires are a major source of failure in high-G applications.

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Graphene Composite Materials for Supercapacitor Electrodes

Graphene is combined with a metal oxide nanocomposite. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California In recent years, electrochemical capacitors, or supercapacitors, have gained the most intense interest as an alternative to traditional energy storage devices such as batteries. The demands of the potential supercapacitor applications range from plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) to backup power sources. While the power density of supercapacitors surpasses that of most batteries, most commercially available batteries have a significantly higher specific energy density than supercapacitors. Electrode composite materials have been developed that combine graphene with a metal oxide nanocomposite of MnO2 and Co3O4.

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White Papers

Performance Characteristics of Digital Frequency Discriminators
Sponsored by Wide Band Systems
The Truth about Parylene Coating & Medical Devices
Sponsored by diamond-mt
Windows CE Development for RISC Computers Made Easy
Sponsored by Sealevel
Molds for Medical Technology
Sponsored by husky
Introduction into Theory of Direction Finding
Sponsored by rohde and schwarz a and d
Sense Element Pump Ripple Fatigue
Sponsored by hydra electric

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