Electrical/Electronics

Putting FPGAs to Work in Software Radio Systems

Recently updated, this handbook reviews the latest FPGA technology and how it can be put to use in software radio systems. FPGAs offer significant advantages for implementing software radio functions such as digital downconverters and upconverters. These advantages include design flexibility, higher precision processing, lower power, and lower cost.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Electronics & Computers, Semiconductors & ICs

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Ultra-High-Power W-Band/F-Band Schottky Diode-Based Frequency Multipliers

These multipliers can be used in millimeter-wave radars or radiometers in national security applications such as standoff personnel screening, mass transit security, and perimeter intrusion. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California All-solid-state, room-temperature, multipixel, sub milli meter-wave re ceiv ers are in demand for efficient spatial mapping of a planet’s atmosphere composition and wind velocities for future NASA missions to Venus, Jupiter, and its moons. Roomtemperature operation based on Schottky diode technology is a must in order to avoid cryogenic cooling and enable long-term missions. This technology is also being successfully applied for very-high-resolution imaging radars for standoff detection of concealed weapons. For submillimeter-wave radar imaging, the main issue is that, in order to reach video frame rates with high image pixel density, multi-pixel focal plane transceiver arrays are needed to illuminate targets with many radar beams simultaneously.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers

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FPGA Reconfiguration with Accelerated Bitstream Relocation

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland Partial bitstream relocation (PBR) on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is a technique to re-scale parallelism of accelerator architectures at run time and enhance fault tolerance. PBR techniques have focused on reading inactive bitstreams stored in memory, on-chip or off-chip, whose contents are generated for a specific partial reconfiguration region (PRR) and modified on demand for configuration into a PRR at a different location.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers

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Real-Time LiDAR Signal Processing FPGA Modules

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A scanning LiDAR, by its inherent nature, generates a great deal of raw digital data. To generate 3D imagery in real time, the data must be processed as quickly as possible. One method of discerning time-of-flight of a laser pulse for a LiDAR application is correlating a Gaussian pulse with a discretely sampled waveform from the LiDAR receiver.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers

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Advanced, Ultra-Low-Loss, High-Frequency Package Module

This module could improve performance of radiometers, high-resolution spectrometers, radars, and communication receivers and/or transmitters. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California As electronic circuits approach submillimeter wavelength frequencies (300 GHz) and higher, the traditional low-loss method of packaging electronic circuits in waveguide modules for guiding the signal requires more attention. The reasons are that circuits at higher frequencies have lower signal power levels due to limited gain and output power of semiconductor devices. As a result, the power lost by signals in the waveguide propagation environment becomes even more important at higher frequencies. In addition, previous efforts have based higher-frequency waveguide modules on existing lower-frequency module concepts and internal components.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers

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Successful Test Management For Systems Engineers

Designing a reliable test strategy requires broad, strategic thinking. The goal of verification is to ensure you release a best-quality system that meets customer expectations as documented in your early design concept and requirements gathering phases. To maximize the value of your test process, test your product objectives early.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Aeronautics, Defense, Electronics, Electronics & Computers

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Delivering Roadworthy Designs: Automotive Electronics Circuit Protection Overview, Applications & Standards

Today’s automotive designs include nearly 100 microprocessors; that number is expected to double in five years. From in-dash displays to connected technologies and safety systems, all onboard electronics require circuit protection to maintain reliability. The major sources of electrical hazards in automotive systems are electrostatic discharge (ESD), switching loads in power electronics circuits, and lightning. Overcoming transient surges that can harm the vehicle’s electronics, whether under the hood or in the cabin, is one of the biggest obstacles of system design.

Posted in: White Papers, Automotive, Electronics, Electronics & Computers

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White Papers

Parallel Prototyping and the Engineer’s Dilemma
Sponsored by Heatron
A Brief History of Modern Digital Shaker Controllers
Sponsored by Crystal Instruments
Made in Space: 3D Printing in Zero-G
Sponsored by Stratasys
Developing Secure Embedded Software
Sponsored by PRQA
Force Transfer Machines
Sponsored by Morehouse
The Changing Face of Robotics
Sponsored by Maplesoft

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