Electronics & Computers

Key Considerations for Integrating Wireless Technology in Medical Devices

Significant opportunities exist to incorporate wireless technology into medical devices. Wireless technology increases the effectiveness of countless every day functions. While some simply are about the convenience factor, like being able to quickly transmit patient records from one hospital to another via email, others have the power to be lifesaving. Medical device manufacturers know that there is significant opportunity to incorporate wireless technology into medical devices. However, design engineers who are extremely knowledgeable about the design of medical devices face a number of challenges in marrying off-the-shelf wireless chipsets with proprietary medical devices in development.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Electronics, Electronic Components, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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Self-Charging Power Cell for Small Devices

A hybrid power cell uses a new technique for electrical charge conversion and storage. Scientists at Georgia Tech say that they have developed a new self-charging power cell technology that directly converts mechanical energy to chemical energy. Then, the power is stored until it is needed to generate electricity. This hybrid generator- storage cell utilizes mechanical energy more efficiently than systems using separate generators and batteries, they say.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Electronics, Batteries, Electronic Components, Power Supplies, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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Lithium Batteries for Medical Applications

Recent advances in lithium technology have increased the variety of commercially available batteries. The element lithium possesses fundamental properties that make it ideal for use as the anode in both primary and rechargeable batteries. Vendors have paired the popular lithium anode with a variety of cathode and electrolyte materials, resulting in the wide choice of different chemistries available today. This article discusses the types of primary lithium batteries commonly used for medical applications and introduces a new type based on recent innovations in materials and manufacturing processes. Information about the basic properties, advantages, and disadvantages are provided for each battery type.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Electronics, Batteries, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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Ultra-Sensitive Biosensor for Medical Diagnostics

This device may enable miniaturization and new point-of-care applications in doctors' offices. Researchers have created an ultrasensitive biosensor that could open up new opportunities for early detection of cancer and “personalized medicine” tailored to the specific biochemistry of individual patients. The device, which could be several hundred times more sensitive than other biosensors, combines the attributes of two distinctly different types of sensors, said Muhammad A. Alam, a Purdue Uni versity professor of electrical and computer engineering.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Electronic Components, Sensors, Medical, Diagnostics, Briefs, MDB

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Functional Electrical Stimulation Technique May Improve Neural Implants

Researchers improve the efficiency of devices that stimulate damaged nerves, reducing potential side effects. Electrical implants that shut down excessive activity in brain cells hold great potential for treating epilepsy and chronic pain. Likewise, devices that enhance neurons’ activity may help restore function to people with nerve damage.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Electronic Components, Rehabilitation & Physical Therapy, Implants & Prosthetics, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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New Thermal Management Strategies for Medical Devices

Heat pipes and vapor chambers are being utilized to address challenging thermal management requirements. In an increasing number of medical device applications, thermal issues limit the overall performance and reliability of the system. Basic thermal management strategies such as liquid cold plates, air cooled heat sinks, and thermal interface materials are becoming insufficient as stand-alone solutions. In many new medical applications, implementation of advanced thermal technologies such as heat pipes and vapor chambers are becoming an integral part of the thermal management solution. These technologies offer excellent heat transfer and heat spreading performance. Furthermore, they are passive (no energy, no moving parts), quiet, and reliable. Several medical devices, such as powered surgical forceps, skin/tissue contacting devices, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/thermocyclers already use these technologies, and more applications are emerging. A discussion of heat pipe and vapor chamber operation and selected medical device applications follows.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Thermal Management, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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Thermal Management Solutions for Medical Applications

Thermoelectric Assemblies (TEAs) offer precise temperature control for applications with tight space constraints and low weight requirements. Thermal management of medical electronic devices and systems is now more challenging. Power densities continue to increase while product form factors continue to shrink. Simple thermal management solutions, such as passive cooling (adding a fan and heat sink), are no longer typically viable to meet required performance and reliability specifications. In today’s complex medical operating environment, Thermo electric Assemblies (TEAs) are necessary to provide precise temperature control via cooling and heating in a variety of modular platforms.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Electronics & Computers, Electronics, Medical, Patient Monitoring, Briefs, MDB

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