Electrical/Electronics

Basics of Electric Heaters

Hotwatt has manufactured specialized electric heating elements for over 64 years, all made in the USA. Products include cartridge, air process, immersion, strip and finned strip, tubular and finned tubular, band, compressor crankcase, foil, flexible rope and ceramic heaters. We are a quality supplier to OEM's in the in industrial, medical, commercial appliance, packaging, instrumentation, aviation, transportation and military fields.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Instrumentation, Test & Measurement

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Selecting the Right Vent to Extend the Lifetime of Electronic Components in Vehicles

Electronic components are rapidly replacing mechanical parts in automobiles. Suppliers must protect these electronic components from harsh contaminants and temperature fluctuations, to ensure reliable performance. Selecting the right venting solution can help to extend the life of the electronic component.

Posted in: White Papers, Automotive, Electronic Components, Electronics & Computers

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RF & MW Control Products in Silicon

Analog Devices’ new RF and microwave (MW) switch and attenuator products implemented in advanced silicon process benefit inherent advantages of silicon technology compared to legacy counterparts using gallium-arsenide (GaAs). This paper provides highlights on features and key performance parameters of the new switch and attenuator products.

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics & Computers, Semiconductors & ICs, Data Acquisition, Sensors

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Performance Characteristics of Digital Frequency Discriminators

Digital frequency discriminators are key components of instantaneous frequency measurement (IFM) receiver systems as well as many other complex electronic warfare (EW) systems. However, to obtain optimum results it is essential to match DFD performance levels to a specific application. DFDs are integral components of IFM receiver systems; they may also be imbedded into a wide range of military systems such as radar warning receivers (RWRs), electronic countermeasures (ECM) systems, and electronic support measures (ESM) platforms, where they help provide instantaneous frequency measurement capability.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Electronics & Computers

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Ultra-High-Power W-Band/F-Band Schottky Diode-Based Frequency Multipliers

These multipliers can be used in millimeter-wave radars or radiometers in national security applications such as standoff personnel screening, mass transit security, and perimeter intrusion.All-solid-state, room-temperature, multipixel, sub milli meter-wave re ceiv ers are in demand for efficient spatial mapping of a planet’s atmosphere composition and wind velocities for future NASA missions to Venus, Jupiter, and its moons. Roomtemperature operation based on Schottky diode technology is a must in order to avoid cryogenic cooling and enable long-term missions. This technology is also being successfully applied for very-high-resolution imaging radars for standoff detection of concealed weapons. For submillimeter-wave radar imaging, the main issue is that, in order to reach video frame rates with high image pixel density, multi-pixel focal plane transceiver arrays are needed to illuminate targets with many radar beams simultaneously.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Amplifiers, Imaging and visualization, Radar

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FPGA Reconfiguration with Accelerated Bitstream Relocation

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland Partial bitstream relocation (PBR) on field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) is a technique to re-scale parallelism of accelerator architectures at run time and enhance fault tolerance. PBR techniques have focused on reading inactive bitstreams stored in memory, on-chip or off-chip, whose contents are generated for a specific partial reconfiguration region (PRR) and modified on demand for configuration into a PRR at a different location.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers, Architecture, Computer software and hardware, Data exchange

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Real-Time LiDAR Signal Processing FPGA Modules

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland A scanning LiDAR, by its inherent nature, generates a great deal of raw digital data. To generate 3D imagery in real time, the data must be processed as quickly as possible. One method of discerning time-of-flight of a laser pulse for a LiDAR application is correlating a Gaussian pulse with a discretely sampled waveform from the LiDAR receiver.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers, Imaging and visualization, Lidar

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