Articles

High-Performance Polyimide Powder Coatings

Applications include bridges, pipes, machinery, exposed metal parts and structures, and automobile components. John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida Powder coatings are used throughout industry to paint a myriad of metallic objects. This method of coating has gained popularity because of its conservation of materials and elimination of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Resins used in powder coatings are traditionally chosen from those that have low melting points (polyesters, acrylics, urethanes, epoxies, etc.). These resins are used because they can melt and flow into a smooth coating before curing to a durable surface. High-performance resins such as Teflon, nylon, and polyimide have not found use in powder coatings because of their high melting points.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, Coatings & Adhesives

Read More >>

Selective Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes

Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas This invention is a process by which carbon nanotubes can be chemically functionalized according to their precise electronic structure. The process involves an exploitation of charge transfer stability at the nanotube sidewall to direct selective reaction of certain electronic structures over others. This process forms the basis for manipulating and separating carbon nanotubes by their electronic structure by chemical means.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs

Read More >>

Predictive Modeling of Corrosion Efficiencies and Toxicities

An analytical approach using a combination of descriptors successfully predicts the performance of a wide range of organic corrosion inhibitors. John F. Kennedy Space Center, Florida Atmospheric corrosion is significantly accelerated by the presence of heat, humidity, corrosive salts, and sunlight. At Kennedy Space Center (KSC), all of these accelerants are present, producing an extremely corrosive environment. Toxicity and environmental impacts of some inorganic corrosion inhibitors have severely limited the use of some of the most effective corrosion inhibitors. Unfortunately, robust, low-toxicity, high-performance organic corrosion inhibitors for coatings are not yet at a stage to replace the most effective inorganic inhibitors.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, TSP

Read More >>

Improving Foreign Object Damage Performance for 2D Woven Ceramic Matrix Composites

A model simulates high-speed impact response of ceramic matrix composites. John H. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio As the power density of advanced engines increases, the need for new materials that are capable of high operating temperatures, such as ceramic matrix composites (CMCs), is critical for turbine hot-section static and rotating components. Such advanced materials can significantly increase engine operating temperatures relative to those with conventional superalloy metallic blades. They also show the potential to enable longer life, growth margin, reduced emissions, reduced weight, and increased performance when compared with superalloy blade materials.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, TSP, Composites

Read More >>

Enhanced Project Management Tool

The system monitors the progress of multiple activities and generates management reports at different detail levels. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California A complex project having many tasks and sub-tasks, many phases, and many workers will often require an evaluation of completion of the tasks and sub-tasks at several times during the project’s duration. Initially and throughout the duration, suitability of the technical and inter-personal characteristics of the workers, managers, and teams should also be evaluated. What is needed is a system that allows a user to specify a type of report, to specify one or more classes of information within this type of report, to specify a time interval, to specify one or more projects, and to receive the status and/or comparisons of performance for the specified projects.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers

Read More >>

Advanced Navigation Strategies for Asteroid Sample Return Missions

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland Sample-return missions to primitive solar system bodies (asteroids, comets, and planetary satellites) can provide a wealth of scientific information and insight into the composition and origins of the solar system. Recent interest in primitive body missions has been driven by the possibility of human near-Earth object missions, Earth conjunction analysis, and scientific discovery. Precision navigation to acquire a sample from a primitive solar system body and return it to Earth presents unique challenges beyond traditional Earth-based and interplanetary missions.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers

Read More >>

Half-Cycle Crack Growth

Armstrong Flight Research Center, Edwards, California Half-Cycle Crack Growth software offers a reliable method for calculating theoretical fatigue crack growths that could lead to catastrophic structural component failures. The program builds upon and integrates Armstrong’s proven half-cycle and closed-form aging theories, and considers every half-cycle of loading spectra for specific structural components. The program works by reading test data files and determining maximum and minimum loads of each half-cycle of random loading spectra in order to calculate theoretical crack growth. The innovation is an improvement on traditional prediction software (and in particular, on visual inspections) because it considers mini-amplitude stress loading and half-cycles based on the duty cycle of a particular component or structure. Developed to calculate the number of operational life flights for B-52B pylon hooks at Armstrong testing facilities, the program and underlying theories can be applied to estimate the service life of any critical structural component, making it suitable for use in other industries, especially for construction and petrochemical firms.

Posted in: Articles, Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers

Read More >>