Features

2013 Create the Future Design: Safety & Security Category Winner

Power Fingerprinting Monitor: Protecting Critical Infrastructure from Cyber Attack Carlos R. Aguayo Gonzalez, Jeffrey H. Reed, and Steven Chen Power Fingerprinting, Inc., Blacksburg, VA A cyber attack to a critical infrastructure can have devastating consequences to national security. Yet, solutions capable of monitoring the execution of Industrial Control Systems (ICSs) are absent or deficient. Current cyber security solutions for ICSs focus on patching, peripheral defenses (firewalls, access control, air gaps), network monitoring, and signature-based detection on peripheral hosts (antivirus).

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Ethernet in the Embedded Space

Networking originated from the need to share information. Many of us accomplish such a thing on a daily basis through conversation. For example, think about the typical office framework: you work side-by-side with your colleagues, but also have a manager who will check on the work being produced periodically. You have both peerto- peer and supervisory communication taking place.

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2013 Create the Future Design: Medical Category Winner

Vitalflo James Dieffenderfer, Mike Brown, and Leigh Johnson North Carolina State University, Apex, NC Over 25 million Americans have been diagnosed with asthma, and of those, 16 million are between the ages of 18-64. Over 60% of asthmatics own a peak flow meter (PFM); however, only about 35% actually use their PFM due to varying factors. Regular use of a reliable PFM and monitoring of one’s respiratory vitals would create a better asthma management plan, and in-turn, reduce the effects and severity of their asthma.

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Butler Hine, Project Manager, LADEE, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA

Dr. Butler Hine is the project manager of the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) spacecraft. The vehicle, successfully launched in September, will characterize the dust environment of the moon. NASA Tech Briefs: What is the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) spacecraft? Dr. Butler Hine: It’s a small robotic orbiter. We launched on September 6 on a Minotaur V rocket. We’re currently in phasing loops around the Earth. We’re on our way to the moon, and once we get there, we’re going to check out our science instruments and do an optical laser-com experiment. We’ll drop down into a very low orbit and do our science missions.

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2013 Create the Future Design: Electronics Category Winner

iPecs Pro Clinical Prosthetic Alignment and Assessment Tool Michael Leydet, Richard Harrington, Alan Hutchenreuther, Vinay Bharadwaj, Chuck Krapf, Michael Link, Megan Toscas, Steven Hoover, Chris Nowak, Aaron Taszreak, Douglas Briggs, and Frank Fedel College Park Industries Inc., Warren, MI Historically, the fitting, adjustment, and alignment of prosthetic devices has been a highly skilled art relying on the training and experience of the prosthetist with input from the patient, but with limited access to objective quantifiable measures. The iPecs Pro software will have clinical real-time functional assessment features. This will guide the user through a series of subjective and objective questions and physical tests to determine the functional level of the patient. A report using the scale of the questions and the measured results from the physical tests will be produced for summation to the payer as support of the prostheses selection and prescription. After the sensor is used on each patient, the iPecs Pro will be removed and iPyramid (dummy unit or replacement adaptor) is placed into the prosthetic build as a placekeeper for future visits.

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2013 Create the Future Design: Consumer Products Category Winner

Plant Air Purifier James Schaeffer, Bill Wolverton, Wayne Schaeffer, and Bernarr Schaeffer U.S. Health Equipment Co., Kingston, NY The Plant Air Purifier is a new air-cleaning appliance that utilizes the recently discovered air-cleaning capacity of rootassociated microbes living synergistically with common houseplants to trap and consume toxins in the air. The research behind this was done by Bill Wolverton while working in NASA’s space program. He found that low levels of chemicals such as carbon monoxide and formaldehyde can be removed from indoor environments by plant leaves alone, while higher concentrations of numerous toxic chemicals can be removed by filtering indoor air though the plant roots surrounded by activated carbon. The activated carbon absorbs large quantities of the toxic chemicals and retains them until the plant roots and associated microorganisms degrade and assimilate these chemicals.

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OpenVPX(R) 40G Ethernet + InfiniBand(R) Switch Card

Curtiss-Wright Controls Defense Solutions (Ashburn, VA), a business group of Curtiss-Wright Controls, has introduced the newest member of its Fabric40(TM) family of extremely high-speed 40 Gbps OpenVPX™modules. The new VPX6-6802 Fabric40 Switch is the first rugged, high performance 6U OpenVPX (VITA 65) switch card to provide support for 10/20/40 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) and SDR/DDR/QDR/FDR-10 InfiniBand®(IB) connectivity to OpenVPX™ systems. Systems built using the VPX6-6802 and complementary Curtiss-Wright Fabric40 system elements will deliver over 2x the performance of previous generation SRIO Gen-2-based systems and 4x the performance of 10 GbE-based systems. The fully rugged VPX6-6802 is available in air-, conduction-, and air flow-through (AFT)-cooled configurations. Designed for use with today’s highest speed switched fabrics, the board provides a combined Data Plane and Control Plane high-performance switch for 6U VPX systems.

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