Manufacturing & Prototyping

Fabrication of an Absorber-Coupled MKID Detector

This allows for multiplexed microwave readout and, consequently, good spatial discrimination between pixels in the array. Absorber-coupled microwave kinetic inductance detector (MKID) arrays were developed for submillimeter and farinfrared astronomy. These sensors comprise arrays of lambda/2 stepped microwave impedance resonators patterned on a 1.5-mm-thick silicon membrane, which is optimized for optical coupling. The detector elements are supported on a 380-mm-thick micromachined silicon wafer. The resonators consist of parallel plate aluminum transmission lines coupled to low-impedance Nb microstrip traces of variable length, which set the resonant frequency of each resonator. This allows for multiplexed microwave readout and, consequently, good spatial discrimination between pixels in the array. The transmission lines simultaneously act to absorb optical power and employ an appropriate surface impedance and effective filling fraction. The fabrication techniques demonstrate high-fabrication yield of MKID arrays on large, single- crystal membranes and sub-micron front-to-back alignment of the microstrip circuit.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs, TSP

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Techniques for Solution-Assisted Optical Contacting

A document discusses a “solutionassisted contacting” technique for optical contacting. An optic of surface flatness Lambda/20 was successfully contacted with one of “moderate” surface quality, or Lambda/4. Optics used were both ultra-low expansion (ULE) glass (Lambda/4 and Lambda/20) and fused silica (Lambda/20).  

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs, TSP

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Processing of Nanosensors Using a Sacrificial Template Approach

This technique can be applied to a variety of applications, including leak detection, personal health monitoring, and environmental monitoring. A new microsensor fabrication approach has been demonstrated based upon the use of nanostructures as templates. The fundamental idea is that existing nanostructures, such as carbon nanotubes or biological structures, have a material structure that can be used advantageously in order to provide new sensor systems but lack the advantages of some materials to, for example, operate at high temperatures.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs, TSP

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Fabrication of a Cryogenic Bias Filter for Ultrasensitive Focal Plane

A fabrication process has been developed for cryogenic in-line filtering for the bias and readout of ultrasensitive cryogenic bolometers for millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. The design is a microstripline filter that cuts out, or strongly attenuates, frequencies (10–50 GHz) that can be carried by wiring staged at cryogenic temperatures. The filter must have 100-percent transmission at DC and low frequencies where the bias and readout lines will carry signal. The fabrication requires the encapsulation of superconducting wiring in a dielectric-metal envelope with precise electrical characteristics. Sufficiently thick insulation layers with high-conductivity metal layers fully surrounding a patterned superconducting wire in arrayable formats have been demonstrated.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs, TSP

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New Thermal Management Strategies for Medical Devices

Heat pipes and vapor chambers are being utilized to address challenging thermal management requirements. In an increasing number of medical device applications, thermal issues limit the overall performance and reliability of the system. Basic thermal management strategies such as liquid cold plates, air cooled heat sinks, and thermal interface materials are becoming insufficient as stand-alone solutions. In many new medical applications, implementation of advanced thermal technologies such as heat pipes and vapor chambers are becoming an integral part of the thermal management solution. These technologies offer excellent heat transfer and heat spreading performance. Furthermore, they are passive (no energy, no moving parts), quiet, and reliable. Several medical devices, such as powered surgical forceps, skin/tissue contacting devices, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/thermocyclers already use these technologies, and more applications are emerging. A discussion of heat pipe and vapor chamber operation and selected medical device applications follows.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Thermal Management, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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Guidelines for Thermoplastic Color Control and Change Management

In order to make good color specifications, the OEM should gain an understanding of color technology, color measurement, and methods available to control color. Color is an important factor in many aspects of medical devices, from design to how the device is used and by whom. In 2010, the FDA and regulatory bodies around the world increased their scrutiny of colors as additives in all materials and are paying special attention to the biologic testing performed on pigments used in plastic in an effort to reduce potential safety risks.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Plastics, FDA Compliance/Regulatory Affairs, Medical, Briefs, MDB

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SFDC/DHR Interface Systems Add Parametric Data to Support Medical Manufacturers

Access to parametric data allows OEMs to monitor device performance throughout production, and is particularly useful for new product introduction. In this era of ever more stringent FDA oversight and regulations, the responsibility for vigilance falls on medical manufacturers and their manufacturing partners or customers. Those companies that support a “best practices” medical manufacturing environment often rely on a shop floor data collection (SFDC) system that embeds attributive data in each unit’s device history record (DHR). More recent advances allow for parametric, or performance, data to be captured as well, so that not only can the medical device’s progress through the manufacturing process be monitored, the device’s quality of performance at each stage can also be assessed. Access to this data facilitates timely decision- making, ensuring the highest quality medical product, and saving money due to reduced downtime, scrap and/or repair work.

Posted in: Bio-Medical, Manufacturing & Prototyping, FDA Compliance/Regulatory Affairs, Medical, Data Acquisition, Briefs, MDB

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