Materials & Coatings

Methodology for the Effective Stabilization of Tin-Oxide-Based Oxidation/Reduction Catalysts

NASA Langley researchers, in work spanning more than a decade, have developed a portfolio of technologies for low-temperature gas catalysis. Originally developed to support space-based CO2 lasers, the technology has evolved into an array of performance capabilities and processing approaches, with potential applications ranging from indoor air filtration to automotive catalytic converters and industrial smokestack applications. The technology has been used commercially in systems that provide clean air to racecar drivers, as well as incorporated into commercially available filtration systems for diesel mining equipment. Backed with extensive research on these technologies, NASA welcomes interest in the portfolio for other commercial and industrial applications.

Posted in: Briefs, Materials, Catalysts, Gases, Air cleaners
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Polymer-Reinforced, Non-Brittle, Lightweight Cryogenic Insulation for Reduced Lifecycle Costs

The objective of this project was to develop inexpensive structural cryogenic insulation foam that has increased impact resistance for launch and ground-based cryogenic systems. Two parallel approaches were used: a silica-polymer co-foaming technique and a post-foam coating technique. Structures were fabricated using both techniques to formulate insulation for the specified applications. The insulation will survive in space and terrestrial environments, provide a good moisture barrier, and exhibit thermal insulation properties.

Posted in: Briefs, Materials, Life cycle analysis, Fabrication, Foams, Insulation, Polymers
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Will metallic hydrogen improve transportation?

This week's Question: Today's lead INSIDER story featured the development of metallic hydrogen, a technology that has a range of potential applications, from advanced rocket propellants to room-temperature superconductors. According to the Harvard University researchers, the material could support the magnetic levitation of high-speed trains. What do you think? Will metallic hydrogen improve transportation?

Posted in: Question of the Week, Materials, Metals
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Researchers Create Metallic Hydrogen

Nearly a century after it was theorized, scientists from Harvard University have created the first-ever sample of one of the rarest materials on the planet: metallic hydrogen. The atomic metallic hydrogen has a potentially wide range of applications, including as a room-temperature superconductor.

Posted in: News, Materials, Metals
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Researchers Awaken Graphene's Hidden Superconductivity

Since its discovery in 2004, scientists have believed that graphene contained an innate ability to superconduct. Now researchers from the University of Cambridge have found a way to activate that previously dormant potential, enabling the material to carry an electrical current with zero resistance.

Posted in: News, Materials
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Assessing the Potential of Additive Manufacturing for Lower-Cost Tools in the Automotive Industry

As additive manufacturing (3D printing) capabilities evolve, so will its adoption within the automotive industry. This white paper explores the possibilities and offers evidence of notable opportunity in 3D printed tooling. Read the white paper to learn:

Posted in: White Papers, Aeronautics, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials
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Why Plastic Bearings are Actually Superior to Metal

Over the past several decades, there has been an evolution in the development and use of highly engineered plastic bearings. They can be used in a wide range of applications, including those with specialized requirements.

Posted in: Webinars, On-Demand Webinars, Materials, Plastics
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Metal Stamping Design Guidelines

Metal Stamping provides an economical way to produce quantities of parts that can possess many qualities, including strength, durability, wear resistance, good conductive properties, and stability. In this paper, we are sharing some ideas that can help you design a part that optimizes all the features that the metal stamping process offers.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Aeronautics, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Materials, Mechanical Components, Design processes, Stamping, Metals, Parts
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High-Temperature, Hydrophobic, Flexible Aerogel Composite and Method of Making Same

This technology is well suited for environments requiring insulation materials that can withstand temperatures of up to 1200 °C.

NASA’s Glenn Research Center (GRC) has developed a method for fabricating low-density, flexible aerogel composites for use as thermal insulation for myriad applications. It is ideal for a variety of environments that require insulation materials that can withstand temperatures of up to 1200 °C. This innovation significantly advances the state of the art for composite insulation systems, reducing adherence problems and thermal conductivity limitations of conventional aerogel insulations while improving performance with lower weight, lower density, and higher efficiency, all factors contributing to greater applicability of aerogel insulation.

Posted in: Briefs, Materials, Performance upgrades, Fabrication, Composite materials, Insulation
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Mechanical Components from Highly Recoverable, Low Apparent Modulus Materials

Shock-resistant material eliminates corrosion and polishes to a smooth surface finish.

NASA’s Glenn Research Center has developed a new method for producing a shock- and corrosion-proof, superelastic, intermetallic material, NiTiNOL 60 (60NiTi), for use in ball bearings and other mechanical components. These superelastic materials can withstand tremendous loads and stresses without permanent deformation or denting. At the same time, the nickel-titanium alloy is immune to corrosion and rust, unlike mechanical components made from iron or steel. In addition, the material does not chemically degrade or break down lubricants, a common problem with existing bearing materials. This material is best suited for oil-lubricated rolling and sliding contact applications requiring superior and intrinsic corrosion resistance, electrical conductivity, and non-magnetic properties.

Posted in: Briefs, Materials, Lubricating oils, Materials properties, Nickel alloys, Titanium alloys, Bearings, Durability
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