Health, Medicine, & Biotechnology

Fluid Preservation System (FPS)

This system can be used by first responders during natural disasters.Biological samples contain labile molecules that deteriorate rapidly ex-vivo. Terrestrially, biological samples are preserved either by freezing them (–80 °C) or by including preservation chemicals. While chemical preservation may be ideal for certain molecules, their functionality is selective and can, while preserving one set of molecules, damage others. Refrigeration poses major logistical challenges of power and logistics. These two options pose major cost and logistics burdens to NASA as they continue to collect biological specimens during flight. Although the International Space Station (ISS) includes a refrigerator to preserve samples, there are no such capabilities aboard return vehicles, especially unmanned vehicles. Furthermore, it should be noted that payloads that are dropped off in remote locations often are recovered after many days, making the biological samples extremely vulnerable to ambient conditions, often rendering them useless.

Posted in: Briefs, Bio-Medical, Medical, Biological sciences, Logistics, Chemicals


Using Electromagnetic Time-Variance Magnetic Fields to Generate and Re-Grow Cartilage

Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas Adevice provides electromagnetic pulses at a predetermined frequency that will result in cartilage cell regeneration and regrowth for patients with arthritis, which reduces or eliminates joint cartilage. The device can be wrapped around the joints in a patient where infected cartilage is located. Molecular and marker data have shown this innovation to work as described above. This is a non-invasive technology that regenerates the patient’s own tissue, allowing for possibly no significant side-effects or foreign matter reactivity.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Medical, Medical, health, and wellness


Computer-Aided Design Tools to Support Human Factors Design Teams

Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama The purpose of this work was to develop a database of human model behavior primitives, which are basic scripts that can be chained together to create simulations of humans performing certain tasks. This is unique in that the human model behaviors were collected using motion capture technology and then incorporated into virtual simulation software. Typically, human model behaviors are created based on the subjective observations of the analyst rather than by using realistic motion data. Limitations of this approach include less reliable human models and a more time-consuming process for creating the human model in the virtual environment.

Posted in: Briefs, Medical, CAD, CAM, and CAE, Design processes, Human factors


Advanced-Capabilities Medical Suction Device

This technology presents a means to cleanly contain bodily fluids in environments ranging from microgravity to Earth gravity with no release of infectious agents. John H. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio NASA has long recognized the difficulty in providing emergency medical care to astronauts in space. Many aspects of space travel make medical care inherently difficult, and sufficient storage space for medical equipment severely limits the ability to carry a full complement of diagnostic and therapeutic equipment onboard. The Microgravity Compatible Medical Suction Device (MCMSD) enables aspiration and containment of bodily fluids and vomitus, while preventing the transmission of infectious agents.

Posted in: Briefs, Medical, Medical, health, and wellness, Disaster and emergency management, Emergency management


Use of Osteoclast-Inhibiting Compounds to Prevent Radiation-Induced Bone Loss

Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, Houston, Texas This technology features a method for preventing or treating radiation-associated loss of bone mass, bone density, or bone strength in a subject. This technology involves administering to the subject an amount of anti-resorptive or osteoclast-inhibiting compound sufficient to prevent or mitigate loss of bone mass, density, or strength caused by radiation-associated increases in the number or activity of osteoclasts.

Posted in: Briefs, Medical, Medical, health, and wellness


2015 Create the Future Design Contest: Grand Prize Winner

Non-Surgical Circulatory Support Device for the Treatment of Chronic Heart Failure Omar Benavides, Benjamin Hertzog, Jace Heuring, Reynolds Delgado, and Will Clifton Procyrion, Inc. Houston, TXProcyrion is developing the first catheter-deployed heart pump intended for long-term treatment of chronic heart failure. Thinner than a #2 pencil and only 6 cm long, Aortix™ has the potential to become a low-risk circulatory assist device for a broad range of patients.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Medical, Design processes, Cardiovascular system, Diseases, Medical equipment and supplies, Product development


2015 Create the Future Design Contest: Medical Category Winner

Smart X-ray Source Mark Eaton Stellarray Austin, TX“This recognition is most welcome, since the NASA Tech Briefs readership includes potential users of our technology. The smart x-ray source is a true platform technology with many applications, the latest being a digitally addressable research irradiator we believe will greatly increase productivity in radio biology and radio chemistry. We look forward to hearing from Tech Briefs readers about other ideas they might have for this versatile new tool.”Since the discovery of x-rays 110 years ago, affordable x-ray sources have all been point source x-ray tubes in which x-rays are generated at a single spot on an anode by a single electron beam accelerated at high voltage across a vacuum gap. Generation of x-rays from a single spot, even in rotating anode tubes, limits the flux they can deliver, because most of the e-beam energy will be absorbed in that spot.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Medical, Design processes, Imaging and visualization, Diagnosis, Diseases, Medical equipment and supplies, Product development


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