Motion Control

Axial Piston Pump

Oilgear (Milwaukee, WI) introduced a contaminant-resistant PVWH open loop, axial piston pump. Ten sizes are available, and reach a pressure of 5,000 psi. With sleeve bearings that run on wet film and are pressure lubricated for stability, reliability, and repeatability, the unit is able to operate in special fluids. Features include: valve plate ported rear or top and bottom, SAE heavy duty shaft, high strength thru-shaft availability, up to 3,000 rpm, maximum pressure of 5,800 psi, and theoretical maximum displacements ranging from 0.66 in3/rev (10,8 ml/rev) to 7.94 in3/rev (130,2 ml/rev).

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Servo Amplifier

Copley Controls (Canton, MA) introduced the Model 800-1514 dual-axis servo amplifier for current (torque) control of brushless servomotors. The unit accepts encoder and Hall feedback data from a range of servo motor types. Drive torque is controlled by a ±10 V command from a motion controller or PLC, and uses CME 2 Windows software. The unit operates on a 20 V to 55 V isolated DC supply and delivers two independently controlled outputs (4 A peak, 3 A continuous), and communicates with the set-up computer via a RS232 link. Industry standard buffered encoder output, ±10 V torque command, and all control signals are optically isolated. The device provides 5 VDC output for encoder and Hall sensor operation, as well as dual-channel status indicators, protection circuits for voltage, load, temperature, and l2t current limiting. Dimensions are 6.58 × 3.9 × 1.17".

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Axis Motion Software

National Instruments (Austin, TX) released NI Motion Assistant 2.0 interactive software for prototyping single- and multi-axis motion control systems. Motion profiles from CAD and drafting programs can be imported using a DXF file format, and the software facilitates the implementation of profiles in NI CompactRIO programmable automation controllers or generation of code for PCI/PXI plug-in motion controllers. After saving a motion profile as a DXF file in a CAD or drafting program, the software can be used to import the profile and save motion-specific commands in an XML file format without writing additional code. Also featured is smart contouring and a graphical, point-and-click interface with 3D visualization capabilities for creating motion control applications using stepper, servo, and piezo actuators.

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DC Gear Motors

Nidec Copal USA Corp (Torrance, CA) offers the MG16 series of sub-miniature brush DC motors with high torque planetary boxes. The 8-model series is RoHS compliant and measures 16 mm. Available gear ratios include 60:1, 120:1, 240:1, and 500:1 with two excitation voltage levels of 6 VDC and 12 VDC. Performance ranges from 4.86 oz-in rated torque at 164 rpm and 22.6 oz-in starting torque for the 6-volt model with a 60:1 ratio, to 28 oz-in rated torque at 21 rpm and 146 oz-in started torque for the 12-volt model with a 500:1 ratio. Maximum gear motor weight for the 500:1 gear ratio is 1.24 oz. All models can operate from 0°C to 50°C ambient temperature range. Options include an encoder.

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QC Lasers Improve Hazardous Gas Monitoring

The measurement of gases associated with industrial processing/emissions monitoring has become increasingly important as the need to improve efficiencies in process control has increased, and legislation governing emissions has come into force. Gases including NOx, SOx, CO2, CO, NH3, and H2O commonly are used to assess processes such as combustion and quenching, while many fall under emissions legislation resulting from the Kyoto agreement.

Posted in: Features, ptb catchall, Photonics, Motion Control, Articles

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AC Drives Provide Precise Control Critical to Next-Generation Test Stands

Direct Torque Control (DTC) is widely used as a method for controlling AC motors in many demanding applications. It is a unique method for controlling AC motors. In pulse-width modulation (PWM) drives, the output frequency and voltage are the primary control reference signals for the power switches, rather than the desired torque in/of the motor shaft. For those who are not familiar with inverter technology, the DTC principle can be illustrated most accurately via this mechanical analogy: the continuous calculation of the best angle at which to rotate a shaft, with a given arm length and the forces available. These electrical “force vectors” are generated with the help of semiconductor switches called Integrated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBT).

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Software Used to Control Master-Slave Haptics Experiment

Haptics, also known as “force feedback teleoperation,” attempts to provide environmental interactions through a robotic system. Users mimic these interactions with robotic arms. By varying the amount of force the haptic devices exhibit, a user can achieve the sensation of interacting with the system. As it allows a user to interface with a remote or virtual environment, the goal of haptics is to augment a user’s sensory feedback while performing a given task. In order to construct safer haptic systems, researchers at the Intelligent Machine Dynamics Laboratory (IMDL) at the Georgia Institute of Technology (Atlanta, GA) have built a series of master-slave devices, and utilize National Instruments’ (Austin, TX) LabVIEW 8.0 software and its various toolkits to control all feedback calculations, communication, control, and simulation, with the objective to investigate control difficulties that occur using a passive master with an energetically active slave.

Posted in: Applications, Motion Control, Application Briefs

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