Photonics

X-Ray Diffractive Optics

X-ray optics were fabricated with the capability of imaging solar x-ray sources with better than 0.1 arcsecond angular resolution, over an order of magnitude finer than is currently possible.

Posted in: Photonics, Briefs

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Optical Device for Converting a Laser Beam Into Two Co-aligned but Oppositely Directed Beams

Optical systems consisting of a series of optical elements require alignment from the input end to the output end. The optical elements can be mirrors, lenses, sources, detectors, or other devices. Complex optical systems are often difficult to align from end-to-end because the alignment beam must be inserted at one end in order for the beam to traverse the entire optical path to the other end. The ends of the optical train may not be easily accessible to the alignment beam.

Posted in: Physical Sciences, Photonics, Briefs, TSP

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Using Vacuum Technology to Cool CCDs

Imagine a CCD camera operating on a long exposure and seeing only 1 electron per pixel every 16 minutes. That equates to dark current of less than 0.000001 electrons/pixel/sec. Imagine the same camera delivering less than 1.75 electrons readout noise with minimal hot spots and blemishes while delivering a peak QE of 77%. To hit these specs it would need to be cooled significantly.

Posted in: Features, Photonics, Articles

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Using Adaptive Optics to Perform Deep-Tissue Cell Imaging

In biological imaging, the object of interest is not always in plain sight. This is especially true when performing microscopy of cells buried deep within tissues. The tissues covering the cells tend to bend and scatter the light passing through them, which prevents acquiring sharp images of the cells below. To overcome this, researchers at a leading science campus developed a novel way to use adaptive optics in microscopy.

Posted in: Applications, Photonics, Application Briefs

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Laser Cutting System

The new CL-400 CO2 laser cutting system from Cincinnati Incorporated (Harrison, OH) uses the water-cooled, high-speed linear motor drives pioneered by Cincinnati, and the same powerful HMI touchscreen control and nesting software found on the company’s other CO2 and fiber laser cutting systems. Dual 5 × 10 ft. (1.5 × 3 m) pallets and an optional modular material handling system (MMHS) reduce beam-off time and further boost productivity. Designed for high throughput and all-around material versatility, the CL-400 delivers fast positioning speeds of 12,000 ipm and up to 1" processing range on mild steel.

Posted in: Products, Photonics

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10 to 1000eV Spectrometer

The new McPherson (Chelmsford, MA) Model 248/310 spectrometer can easily make spectral measurements around 13 nanometers and throughout the extreme vacuum ultraviolet and soft x-ray wavelength region. It is ideal for work from 10eV to more than 1000eV. The spectrometer features one meter focal length optics built into a compact Rowland circle instrument. Grazing incidence angles used in the instrument deliver high reflective efficiency. For direct detection of extreme vacuum ultraviolet and soft x-ray wavelengths, windowless back illuminated CCD’s are used. Sensitivity of CCD’s at short wavelengths can surpass that in the visible spectral region. The CCD’s aggressive thermoelectric cooling also reduces readout noise. When gated detection is required, open microchannel plate intensifiers are available.

Posted in: Products, Photonics

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Optical Fiber

Polymicro Technologies (Lisle, IL) has successfully developed a broad spectrum optical fiber with a low -OH pure silica core that demonstrates significantly reduced content of UV defects and other UV absorption centers. Polymicro’s proprietary FBPI fiber leverages the benefits and mitigates the limitations of standard optical fibers. Featuring improved transmission properties over a much wider spectral range, the silica-based, broadband FBPI fiber is available in a range of densities and can be produced in core diameters from 50-600 μm.

Posted in: Products, Photonics

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