Software

New Algorithm Lets Cheetah Robot Run

Speed and agility are hallmarks of the cheetah: The big predator is the fastest land animal on Earth, able to accelerate to 60 mph in just a few seconds. As it ramps up to top speed, a cheetah pumps its legs in tandem, bounding until it reaches a full gallop.Now MIT researchers have developed an algorithm for bounding that they’ve successfully implemented in a robotic cheetah — a sleek, four-legged assemblage of gears, batteries, and electric motors that weighs about as much as its feline counterpart. The team recently took the robot for a test run on MIT’s Killian Court, where it bounded across the grass at a steady clip. In experiments on an indoor track, the robot sprinted up to 10 mph, even continuing to run after clearing a hurdle. The MIT researchers estimate that the current version of the robot may eventually reach speeds of up to 30 mph.The key to the bounding algorithm is in programming each of the robot’s legs to exert a certain amount of force in the split second during which it hits the ground, in order to maintain a given speed: In general, the faster the desired speed, the more force must be applied to propel the robot forward. In experiments, the team ran the robot at progressively smaller duty cycles, finding that, following the algorithm’s force prescriptions, the robot was able to run at higher speeds without falling. Sangbae Kim, an associate professor of mechanical engineering at MIT, says the team’s algorithm enables precise control over the forces a robot can exert while running. SourceAlso: Learn about Hall Thrusters for Robotic Solar System Exploration.

Posted in: Motion Control, Motors & Drives, Software, Machinery & Automation, Robotics, News

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Emerging Trends in ENGINEERING SIMULATION

The increasingly global, fast-paced, and connected nature of the marketplace is placing new demands on product development teams. As it evolves to meet emerging user needs, engineering simulation remains an essential tool for launching new designs quickly and cost-effectively — while also ensuring that they will thrive in the real world.

Posted in: Software, Articles

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Designing Reliable Robots for Moon Exploration

Simulation plays a key role in developing robots to explore the Moon. Astrobotic Technology, Inc., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Equipment for space exploration is almost impossible to test on Earth. Testing is expensive and cannot replicate the conditions of launch, cruise, landing, and travel across a planetary surface. As space exploration shifts to the private sector, Astrobotic Technology, Inc. is taking the lead in delivering affordable robotic technology. The company uses ANSYS technology to stay competitive, virtually testing its lunar robots on time and under budget.

Posted in: Mechanical Components, Software, Briefs

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Designing Smaller Magnets for the Large Hadron Collider

CERN designs a smaller and more powerful superconducting accelerator magnet using ANSYS multiphysics tools. FEAC Engineering, Ioannina, Greece The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) requires new magnets that are smaller than their predecessors to accommodate new instrumentation. Because of their size, these magnets need to generate a 24 percent stronger magnetic field and the structure must provide for near-zero deformation of the conductor. Even a small deformation could increase the electrical resistance and raise the temperature enough to cause the conductor to lose its superconducting state. Engineers addressed this challenge using ANSYS electromagnetic, thermal, and structural simulation tools. Coupling the multiphysics domains in the ANSYS® Workbench® environment allowed the team to optimize the design by simultaneously considering all of the physics.

Posted in: Physical Sciences, Software, Briefs

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Electrical Calibration Source for Next-Generation Oscilloscope

Simulation helps cool the calibration head for the world’s fastest real-time oscilloscope. Keysight Technologies, Santa Clara, California Keysight Technologies (formerly Agilent Technologies) develops world-leading equipment for solving tough measurement challenges. The company’s Infiniium 90000 Q-Series oscilloscope is the first to reach the 60 GHz barrier, enabling engineers to make measurements on a new generation of fiber optic transponders and systems that provide higher levels of data communication speeds than previously possible.

Posted in: Physical Sciences, Software, Briefs

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Composite Sports Car Body Design

KTM Technologies quickly and reliably designs a composite sports car using ANSYS technology. KTM Technologies GmbH, Salzburg, Austria The use of composites is rapidly growing across many industries, fostering the need for new design, analysis, and optimization technologies. Every industry feels increasing pressure to launch breakthrough products that outperform competitors and meet market needs. For many design applications that require strong, yet lightweight materials, layered composites are ideal. Even so, faster, more frequent product introductions and new technologies cannot compromise ultimate product quality, reliability, and speed to market.

Posted in: Mechanical Components, Software, Briefs

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Simulation and Visualization of Elastodynamics in Time- Evolving Generalized Curvilinear Coordinates

Deforming grids and stresses can be visualized as the solution proceeds in time. Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California This innovation unifies an earlier innovation and a new solution method based on finite differences to simulate structural dynamic phenomena over time-varying grids in generalized curvilinear coordinates. The methodology is based on physics-based first principles partial differential equations of elastodynamics in the space-time domain. It provides a powerful, yet simple methodology to compute structural dynamic variables of interest such as stresses over an entire grid mapped over or inside a given body of interest directly in the time domain. The grid can be allowed to deform in time as the solution evolves. The simulation (deforming grids and stresses) can be visualized as the solution proceeds in time; the simulation can be suspended at any point in time based on the visualization of the state of the system, and the simulation can be resumed/terminated altogether as the evolving solution proceeds within/outside the expectation bounds dictated by physics. The attractiveness of the innovation lies in the intuitiveness of the approach where the physical variables such as stresses and the displacements can be visualized directly in space and time as the simulation proceeds.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Electronics & Computers, Software, Briefs

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