NASA Spinoff

Hand-Held Devices Detect Explosives and Chemical Agents

Smaller, with enhanced capabilities. Less expensive, while providing improved performance. Energy efficient, without sacrificing capabilities. Smaller, less expensive, and energy efficient—but still highly durable under some of the most extreme conditions known.

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The Mars Science Laboratory, shown in the rendering above, will carry an anticipated 10 scientific instruments, the most for a Mars rover to date. These instruments must be rugged and powerful while still being able to fit within limited space on the rover platform.
Contradictions like these are commonplace when designing sensor instruments for spacecraft. The Curiosity Mars Science Laboratory, for example, is set to launch in 2011 with an anticipated 10 instruments onboard that must endure the launch, an 8-month journey to Mars, landing, and the unfriendly environment of the Red Planet. Packing that much scientific punch into a single, reliable, one-shot package requires the most advanced technology available.

Given the high cost of development and launch; the need for consistent, high-level operation in harsh conditions and without the possibility of maintenance; and the limited real estate available on a spacecraft; NASA continually seeks ways both to develop new sensor technology and to advance existing devices to meet the demands of space exploration—in many cases through collaboration with private industry. Sometimes, the effort results in smaller, less expensive, more energy efficient, and highly durable products for use on Earth, as well.

Partnership

NASA’s Astrobiology Science and Technology Instrument Development (ASTID) program encourages the development of innovative instruments equally capable of fulfilling astrobiology science requirements on space missions or related science objectives on Earth. Through ASTID and the Ion Applications has commercialized the Mini-Cell IMS in the form of its EASYTEC-XP hand-held detector. Housed in a pistol grip casing with a point-and-shoot sampling mechanism, the EASYTEC-XP solves many of the existing engineering problems surrounding IMS devices, including portability.

“The traditional IMS has some inherent field problems that don’t make it user friendly from a continuous operations standpoint,” Lowe says. Unlike typical IMS devices, EASYTEC-XP does not require membranes to keep out moisture and other ambient air interference. Its IMS cell is 10 times smaller and more sensitive, and the detector requires no calibration and has annual maintenance costs that are about 8 times less expensive than the standard. It also requires no swipes or contact to make measurements, making it an ideal tool for field use.

“The traditional IMS products out there that don’t use our platform aren’t well suited for a number of applications, either in terms of size, price, or convenience,” Lowe says. “We can basically plug into those applications right away.”

Currently, the U.S. Army and Navy are using the EASYTEC-XP for detection of explosives and chemical warfare agents. Soldiers can simply carry the tool to a vehicle, for example, to inspect it for trace explosives or other dangerous chemicals. The device is also in use by international law enforcement, and the company has developed a narcotics detector capable of detecting heroin, cocaine, methamphetamine, and THC. EASYTEC-XP’s versatility, durability, and portable format render it useful for transportation security, port container inspection, general air monitoring, and other military and security applications.

EASYTEC-XP has uses beyond public safety, as well. Ion Applications’ technology is employed in China for high-purity process gas analysis for semiconductor manufacturing. The IMS readily detects damaging moisture in the special gasses used during the manufacturing process. Other industrial applications include cleanroom air monitoring and the detection of toxic gasses produced during industrial processes.

Ion Applications is continuing work on a wide range of potential applications for its NASA SBIR-derived technology, Lowe says.

“This is a platform that is allowing us to put together many commercial products that were never before attractive from an IMS standpoint.”

Kovar™ is a trademark of Carpenter Technology Corporation.
EASYTEC®-XP is a registered trademark of Ion Applications Inc.

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