Electrical/Electronics

Keysight Technologies Engineering Education and Research Resources DVD 2016

Keysight is enabling the next generation of engineers to tackle and solve the toughest electronic design and test challenges. With 200 new items in areas relating to education and research (Software Design & Simulation Solutions; Communications Technology; Test & Measurement Science; Nanotechnology & Material Measurement; Power, Energy & Automotive; and Classroom Applications), it includes application notes, white papers, case studies, videos, webcasts, and details on various Keysight solutions. Order your DVD today!

 

 

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics & Computers, RF & Microwave Electronics, Test & Measurement
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Qormino™ - Complex Embedded Design Made Quick, Easy, and Enduring

Qormino™ is an ultra-compact, 64-bit multi-core, NXP QorIQ™ processor based module integrating DDR SDRAMs for high performance, communication intensive applications. Designed to aid fast time to market, it solves the thorny problem of premature product obsolescence. Thankfully, Qormino is supplied from e2v’s SLiM™ expert inventory management program, offering prolonged supply up to 15 years. Embedded designs based on Qormino are guaranteed an extended time-in-market.

Posted in: White Papers, Aerospace, Defense, Electronics & Computers
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Safety in SoCs

Accelerating the Road to ISO 26262 Certification With Processor IP

Today’s system-on-chip (SoC) designs are becoming more complex, increasing the pressure on verification and design teams to deliver fully functional designs. Recent studies have shown that over 50% of the development time on a complex IC is now being spent on verification, revealing the severity of the problem project teams are facing. As more SoC designs are used in electronic systems deployed in safety-critical applications, adhering to functional safety standards such as ISO 26262 has become an important consideration when defining the verification methodology. This white paper outlines the key requirements for ISO 26262 certification and demonstrates how to accelerate the development of safety-critical IP and SoCs through the use of out-of-the-box safety-ready IP with advanced verification qualification tools and methodologies.

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics & Computers, Electronics & Computers, Software
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High Field Superconducting Magnets

Applications include MRI machines, mass spectrometers, and particle accelerators.

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

This superconducting magnet developed at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center comprises a superconducting wire wound in adjacent turns about a mandrel to form the superconducting magnet; a thermally conductive potting material configured to fill interstices between the adjacent turns; and a voltage limiting device disposed across each end of the superconducting wire, and is configured to prevent a voltage excursion across the superconducting wire during quench of the superconducting magnet. The thermally conductive potting material and the superconducting wire provide a path for dissipation of heat.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Wiring, Wiring, Magnetic materials
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Distributed Diagnostics and Prognostics

The distributed health management architecture is comprised of a network of smart sensor devices.

Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California

NASA has developed a method that prevents total system failure during emergencies, allowing parts of the system to continue to function, and making overall system recovery faster. A heterogeneous set of system components monitored by a varied suite of sensors and a health monitoring framework has been developed with the power and flexibility to adapt to different diagnostic and prognostic needs. Current state-of-the-art monitoring and health management systems are mostly centralized in nature, where all the processing is reliant on a single processor. This requires information to be sent and processed in one location. With increases in the volume of sensor data as well as the need for associated processing, traditional centralized systems tend to be somewhat ungainly; in particular, when faced with multi-tasking of computationally heavy algorithms. The distributed architecture is more efficient, allows for considerable flexibility in number and location of sensors placed, scales up well, and is more robust to sensor or processor failure.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Architecture, On-board diagnostics, On-board diagnostics (OBD), Architecture, On-board diagnostics, On-board diagnostics (OBD), Diagnostics, Prognostics, Vehicle health management
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Lens-Coupled Dielectric Waveguides

Small, lightweight, low-power interconnect solution with improved reliability and reduced packaging complexity.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has developed a low-loss dielectric waveguide that provides a simple, versatile, and flexible transmission medium. Dielectric waveguides — long, solid pieces of dielectric that confine electromagnetic waves — offer high bandwidth and low transmission loss compared to conventional metallic waveguides. Despite these advantages, practical use of these waveguides has been limited because a large fraction of signal power is lost at the state-of-the-art interconnects joining conventional metallic waveguides and dielectric waveguides. JPL’s interconnect solution uses lens coupling to reduce these losses by a factor of 10 or more, yielding a reliable, cost-effective alternative to conventional waveguides.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Waveguides, Waveguides
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Sampling and Control Circuit Board for an Inertial Measurement Unit

John H. Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio

Scientists at NASA’s Glenn Re - search Center have developed a circuit board that serves as a control and sampling interface to an inertial measurement unit (IMU). The circuit board provides sampling and communication abilities that allow the IMU to be sampled at precise intervals. The data is minimally processed onboard and returned to a separate processor for inclusion in an overall system. The circuit board allows the normal overhead associated with IMU data collection to be performed outside of the system processor, freeing up time to run intensive algorithms in parallel. This Glenn technology consists of the circuit schematic, board layout, and microcontroller firmware for the IMU sampling and control circuit board.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Measurements, Computer software / hardware, Computer software and hardware, Data acquisition and handling, Computer software / hardware, Computer software and hardware, Data acquisition and handling
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Efficient Radiation Shielding Through Direct Metal Laser Sintering

Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland

Functional and parametric degradation of microcircuits due to total ionizing dose (TID) often poses serious obstacles to deployment of critical state-of-the-art (SOTA) technologies in NASA missions. Moreover, because device dielectrics in which such degradation occurs vary from one fabrication lot to the next, these effects must be reevaluated on a lot-by-lot basis. Often, the most effective mitigation against TID degradation is the addition of radiation shielding to the electronics box. Unfortunately, shielding materials can add significant amounts of mass to a system, particularly when vulnerable parts require shielding over 4π steradians. One method for reducing mass is to apply spot shielding located only on the critical components that require it. Reduced box- and/or spacecraft-level shielding will necessitate more complex spot shielding to protect the component from the omnidirectional radiation environment.

Posted in: Briefs, Electronics & Computers, Metal finishing, Radiation protection, Lightweighting
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Using PXI to Build a High-Performance MEMS Microphone Testing System

The demand for increasing microphone signal quality from handheld mobile devices has led to the development of microphone signal processing technologies such as: HD audio, noise cancellation, active noise cancellation, beam forming, directional reception, stereo sound field reconstruction, and speech recognition. As well, devices incorporating multiple microphones are becoming more and more popular. Several newly released smart phones now integrate multiple MEMS (Micro Electrical-Mechanical System) microphones for improved background noise cancellation. All flagship smart phone models in introduced in 2015 featured three or more MEMS microphones to support HD audio, ambient noise cancellation, noise filtering, directional reception and speech recognition. Popularity of MEMS microphones is expected to grow.

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Test & Measurement
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Thermoelectric Cooling: How Does It Work? Why Should You Choose It?

There are many places one can go to get an outline on the pros and cons of different methods for enclosure cooling. Although we will briefly touch on them here, this is really an in-depth article on how to choose a Peltier (thermoelectric) air conditioner, once you have committed to the technology.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Electronics & Computers
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