Tech Briefs

Improved Solar-Radiation-Pressure Models for GPS Satellites

A report describes a series of computational models conceived as an improvement over prior models for determining effects of solar-radiation pressure on orbits of Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.  These models are based on fitting coefficients of Fourier functions of Sun-spacecraft- Earth angles to observed spacecraft orbital motions. Construction of a model in this series involves the following steps:

Posted in: Information Sciences, Briefs, TSP

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Fast Lossless Compression of Multispectral-Image Data

A low-complexity adaptive-filtering algorithm is used. An algorithm that effects fast lossless compression of multispectral-image data is based on low-complexity, proven adaptive filtering algorithms. This algorithm is intended for use in compressing multispectral-image data aboard spacecraft for transmission to Earth stations. Variants of this algorithm could be useful for lossless compression of three-dimensional medical imagery and, perhaps, for compressing image data in general.

Posted in: Information Sciences, Briefs, TSP

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Manufacture of Regularly Shaped Sol-Gel Pellets

For mass production, an extrusion process is superior to a spray process. An extrusion batch process for manufacturing regularly shaped sol-gel pellets has been devised as an improved alternative to a spray process that yields irregularly shaped pellets. The aspect ratio of regularly shaped pellets can be controlled more easily, while regularly shaped pellets pack more efficiently. In the extrusion process, a wet gel is pushed out of a mold and chopped repetitively into short, cylindrical pieces as it emerges from the mold. The pieces are collected and can be either (1) dried at ambient pressure to xerogel, (2) solvent exchanged and dried under ambient pressure to ambigels, or (3) supercritically dried to aerogel. Advantageously, the extruded pellets can be dropped directly in a cross-linking bath, where they develop a conformal polymer coating around the skeletal framework of the wet gel via reaction with the cross linker. These pellets can be dried to mechanically robust X-Aerogel.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs, TSP

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Improved Fabrication of Lithium Films Having Micron Features

Dry chemicals and a dry process are used to prevent undesired reactions. An improved method has been devised for fabricating micron-dimension Li features. This approach is intended for application in the fabrication of lithium-based microelectrochemical devices — particularly solid-state thinfilm lithium microbatteries.

Posted in: Manufacturing & Prototyping, Briefs, TSP

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Producing Quantum Dots by Spray Pyrolysis

Sizes of quantum dots are determined by sizes of sprayed drops. An improved process for making nanocrystallites, commonly denoted quantum dots (QDs), is based on spray pyrolysis. Unlike the process used heretofore, the improved process is amenable to mass production of either passivated or non-passivated QDs, with computer control to ensure near uniformity of size.

Posted in: Machinery & Automation, Mechanical Components, Briefs

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System Would Acquire Core and Powder Samples of Rocks

A sampling system would be built around an ultrasonic/sonic drill corer. A system for automated sampling of rocks, ice, and similar hard materials at and immediately below the surface of the ground is undergoing development. The system, denoted a sample preparation, acquisition, handling, and delivery (SPAHD) device, would be mounted on a robotic exploratory vehicle that would traverse the terrain of interest on the Earth or on a remote planet. The SPAHD device would probe the ground to obtain data for optimization of sampling, prepare the surface, acquire samples in the form(s) of cores and/or powdered cuttings, and deliver the samples to a selected location for analysis and/or storage.

Posted in: Machinery & Automation, Mechanical Components, Briefs, TSP

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Mobile Robot for Exploring Cold Liquid/Solid Environments

This tethered robot could float, swim, crawl, and sample environmental materials. The Planetary Autonomous Amphibious Robotic Vehicle (PAARV), now at the prototype stage of development, was originally intended for use in acquiring and analyzing samples of solid, liquid, and gaseous materials in cold environments on the shores and surfaces, and at shallow depths below the surfaces, of lakes and oceans on remote planets. The PAARV also could be adapted for use on Earth in similar exploration of cold environments in and near Arctic and Antarctic oceans and glacial and sub-glacial lakes.

Posted in: Mechanics, Machinery & Automation, Mechanical Components, Briefs, TSP

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