Tech Exchange

DBD Device Offers Transdermal Medicine Delivery

DBD Innovations Iontophoresis is a well-researched technique for delivering medicines and cosmetic agents through the skin. Current techniques, however, are inefficient, and existing devices are often expensive, bulky, and awkward. A Dielectric Barrier Discharge Iontophoresis (DBDI) solution enhances the efficacy of existing remedies by applying a small electronic device to the treated area.

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Dispensing Closure Technology Seals and Separates Ingredients

StarOne Group The Drop-Top™, a container closure and delivery system, features an internal, multi-cavity design that stores up to three separate doses of ingredients, including liquids, powders, gases, granules, or tablets. The dispensing closure technology increases the shelf life of products that are not stable in oxygen or aqueous solutions, and stores highly sensitive products that cannot have any contact with the environment or specific ingredients.

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Extended-Wear Patches for Skin Hydration

Moisturizers and active ingredients must be held against human skin in a patch format. To enhance uptake, a new material needs to be designed for extended wear from 1-10 hours. Comfort and physical flexibility are two chief requirements. Ideally, the patch will also reduce the appearance of wrinkles. Proposed materials must cover large or small areas of skin, and conform to the shapes of those areas. Possible solution areas include natural and synthetic yarns or materials, wovens and nonwovens, and extruded or film materials. The materials may be held against the skin by a suitable adhesive.

Posted in: Tech Needs

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Monitoring Battery Health in Solar-Charged Systems

In solar-powered, battery-run systems, each unit’s battery stores electricity generated by the solar panel during the day and provides electricity to a load when required. The systems currently are networked, but no method is in place to determine or report battery health. A client seeks ways to pre-emptively warn the customer when a battery is about to reach the end of its useful life. Possible solution areas include algorithmic technologies based on time-varying voltage, current, and other metrics during charge/discharge cycles.

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Sterility Verification of a Flowing Liquid

A client seeks a device capable of detecting contamination in a liquid flow. The system needs to detect non-liquid particles, bacteria, yeasts, mold, and/or spores in a continuous liquid stream. Any proposed sensing methodology must not physically interact with the liquid flowing in the interior of the channel. In operation, the detection system should report any contamination; the nature of the contamination can be determined later. A proposed solution need not identify the specific contaminant. An optical or light-based system is desired, but a variety of technologies may be acceptable if they do not require the fluid flow to be sampled directly.

Posted in: Tech Needs, NASA Tech Needs

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Mechanism Allows Pedals to be Used Together or Separately

Current bicycle mechanisms allow only alternate use of pedals, thus halving possible torque. A new arrangement allows simultaneous use of both pedals. The TEJJ cycle uses the force of alternately pushed pedals to start or maintain momentum. When carrying higher loads or climbing a hill, a rider can also optionally push both pedals simultaneously to increase torque. Springs return the pedals to their optimum driving position, and the main driving gear freewheels even as the pedal returns to the driving position. The new mechanism has application for pedal-driven carts of all kinds, and in pedal-driven vehicles for the disabled.

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Technology Tests for Unwanted Microorganisms

Clinical and industrial instruments, clothing, gloves, and work surfaces may contain or acquire microorganisms, which flourish or grow as a function of the environment in which they are located. Such growth may lead to the proliferation of toxin- or allergen-producing pathogenic organisms. Using nucleic acids, a new technology provides a more sensitive, convenient, and less costly way to test for the presence of unwanted microorganisms.

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