Tech Exchange

Green Sewage Treatment and Water Purification Technology

A green sewage treatment and water purification technology combines water with fertilizer and biomass production. The sustainable water treatment system produces biofuel and organic fertilizer, and extracts carbon from the atmosphere. No electric power is required for sewage treatment, filtering, and water cleaning. The system uses no chemicals, and can run in heavy rain without hazardous overflow. It also stays intact in dry seasons, even for several months without rain. The system combines two layers of microbiological water treatment: an upper layer with aerobic activity and a lower layer with anaerobic activity. Since the upper layer covers the lower layer, no anaerobic gas production can escape into the atmosphere. Due to the optimized design, the clarifying power and productivity of the system is much higher than in other single-layer wetlands. Benefits include an extremely compact and effective design, protection of the lower layer by the upper layer, integrated liquid transfer, and not generating clearing sludge. Get the complete report on this technology at:www.techbriefs.com/tow/200904a.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: Techs for License

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Advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics - Mesh Generation

NASA’s work in advanced aeronautics and space vehicle development relies on advanced Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) codes such as FUN3D that rely on numerical solution of equations of motion over a discrete mesh of points in three dimensions. A judicious placement of points is required to optimize computing efficiency without greatly reducing the sensitivity and accuracy of the calculations. Rapid generation of such a mesh and its subsequent adaptation to better resolve the problem physics are critical to the application of CFD to complex real-world problems of interest. What are the Challenges? Improved mesh generators are needed to support programs in aerothermodynamics and fluid dynamics in general. More specifically, an anisotropic 3D mesh generator (or re-mesher) is needed that can be driven by a spatially varying metric tensor field, and which specifies mesh spacing along three orthogonal directions. The mesh generator must accommodate cell aspect ratio requests of at least 10,000:1 even in the presence of a curved metric tensor field to enable high Reynolds number finite-volume CFD applications. Furthermore, in regions of high anisotropy (not necessarily bounded by a vehicle surface), mesh cells should be dominantly layers of semi-structured hexahedra or triangular prisms to allow non-dissipative capture of bow shocks, boundary layers, free shear layers, wakes, contact surfaces, and so forth. What is NASA Doing? NASA currently conducts aerothermodynamic and fluid dynamics analyses of vehicles (heating rates, pressures, etc.) through the use of state-ofthe- art CFD codes. The mesh generation methods in use primarily rely on advancing front/layer, and/or Delaunay algorithms to provide the mesh of points needed to describe the vehicle and the surrounding domain of interest for the analysis. While current methods have been successfully applied to complex problems, clearly additional research and development is needed in the area of mesh generation to reduce human involvement and increase robustness. We would like to provide uncertainty estimates (error bars) for the computational results delivered much like experimentalists do for their results. A critical component enabling this capability is mesh adaptation, whereby an existing mesh is adapted to improve the solution based on the problem physics and/or a solution error estimate. The criteria that drive the mesh adaptation are specified via a Riemannian metric tensor field. Within the field, a 3x3 (2x2 in 2 dimensions) symmetric positive definite tensor defines the desired local spacing constraints for the mesh whereby its eigenvalues represent the desired spacing along the direction of the corresponding eigenvectors. Current mesh adaptation technology in use does not easily allow us to do this in the presence of high element anisotropy in three dimensions while maintaining element quality. If the desired mesh generator can be developed, we will gain control over spatial discretization errors for CFD codes. This will allow us to focus on physical modeling errors and automate the process of obtaining a solution for a given application with bounded discretization errors. NASA’s immediate needs include CFD modeling of the exploration vehicles now under development to replace the shuttle for transport to the International Space Station and eventually for transport to the Moon and beyond, as well as advanced supersonic and hypersonic air vehicle development, both for NASA (Commercial) and military applications. The astrophysics, climate analysis, and hemodynamics (blood flow) fields may also have a use for such a capability, i.e., other types of fluid dynamics applications. More Information For more information, contact Dr. Bill Kleb at 757-812-1805 or nasa@techbriefs.com.

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Crush/Cut-Resistant Safety Glove

A company seeks existing materials that can be utilized in applications for a safety glove. This material must be cutresistant, flexible, and withstand oily, wet, muddy conditions. The material covering the top of the hand and fingers must be extremely flexible and designed to protect the hand and digits from being crushed by dispersing the area of impact from the initial blow. The mold for the top area of the hand must have emphasis on complete coverage without hindering normal movement. Respond to this TechNeed at: www.techbriefs.com/tn/200903d.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Topical Products to Suppress Pain During Epilation

A company is seeking topically applied products and/or chemical technologies to eliminate or suppress pain sensation associated with epilation of undesired hair from skin. Pain elimination or suppression should be quick (<5 minutes) upon application on skin, and the effect should be temporary (lasting about 30 minutes), similar to topical anesthetics. Products can be in the form of liquid, gel, cream, or lotion to easily apply or spray on skin; should not have any undesired side effects on skin (irritation, itching, redness); and derived from natural sources and with herbal properties. Respond to this TechNeed at: www.techbriefs.com/tn/200903c.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Through-Metal RFID Tags Resist Harsh Environments and Deter Counterfeiting

These patented 125-kHz RFID tags and readers enable tag information to be read and written through metal so that tags can be hermetically sealed inside metal parts such as surgical instruments, construction forms, weapons, and similar devices that must withstand harsh environments. MBBS tags can resist high temperatures and pressures (240°C, 2000 bar), acids, chemicals, and similar conditions. At the heart of each tag is an integrated circuit that can store up to 2 Kbits of rewritable data. The tags can be inserted directly into parts and other devices to build a permanent and robust tagging system. Tags have also been designed as anti-counterfeiting IDs, where the tag self-destructs if the factory- sealed container has been opened. The tags employ a flat air coil that uses no ferrite, as an antenna. MBBS reader technology offers an emitter and receiver that have been optimized for operation with metal tags. Get the complete report on this technology at: www.techbriefs.com/tow/200903b.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: Techs for License

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Innovative Cooling Technology for Circuit Boards with LED Lights

Advanced Solid State Lighting (SSL) is a technology that enables the use of LED lights in cost-sensitive applications where cooling of the LED is needed. One limitation that has hindered LED light designs in commercial applications is the cooling of the LEDs when used in the continuous duty of commercial applications. This patent-pending solution for cooling LEDs should advance the penetration of LED designs into the commercial and industrial lighting market. SSL allows for design flexibility to scale the number of LEDs needed for an application. It uses current manufacturing methods and processes from the electronics industry, and the cooling concept can be applied to other PCB applications. SSL provides enough cooling that fans or heat sinks are not required. LED operating temperatures can be reduced by 20°F or more. SSL helps meet government-mandated energy reduction goals for large corporate buildings, and achieves longer life than current high bay lights. Get the complete report on this technology at: www.techbriefs.com/tow/200903a.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: Techs for License

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Highly Power-Aware Digital Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Radio

As NASA embarks upon deep-space human exploration, the next-generation extravehicular activity (EVA) radio will be a pivotal technology and an integral part of lunar surface systems success. It facilitates surface operations, enables crew mobility, and supports point to multi-point communications across rovers, landers, habitat, and other astronauts. Driven by Com - m unications, Command, Control, and Information (C3I) interoperability, stringent power budgets, and miniaturization, this mobile radio platform has become increasingly complex. To achieve the overarching communication goals of small form factor, ultrapower, and reconfigurability, NASA needs to advance power-aware processing technology.

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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