Tech Exchange

Highly Power-Aware Digital Extravehicular Activity (EVA) Radio

As NASA embarks upon deep-space human exploration, the next-generation extravehicular activity (EVA) radio will be a pivotal technology and an integral part of lunar surface systems success. It facilitates surface operations, enables crew mobility, and supports point to multi-point communications across rovers, landers, habitat, and other astronauts. Driven by Com - m unications, Command, Control, and Information (C3I) interoperability, stringent power budgets, and miniaturization, this mobile radio platform has become increasingly complex. To achieve the overarching communication goals of small form factor, ultrapower, and reconfigurability, NASA needs to advance power-aware processing technology.

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Technology to Convert, Concentrate, or Dry Oil-Based Emulsions, Dispersions, or Liquids Into a Dry Powder Form

A company supplies a variety of chemicals, including inverse emulsions that consist of a very-high-molecular weight, water-soluble polymer dispersed in a continuous oil phase. The typical ratio of the key components is approximately 1:1:1 (polymer:water:oil). The company seeks to convert these emulsions to a water-soluble, powdered form, without losing any of the polymer properties. The problem is particularly difficult due to the oil in the emulsion. The oil is an aliphatic hydrocarbon with a low vapor pressure (0.023 kPa at 20ºC) and a distillation temperature of 255ºC. Respond to this TechNeed at: www.techbriefs.com/tn/200902d.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Delivery System to Modify Release of Organic Agricultural Compound

A company’s current product is applied in granular or prill form, and a coating acts to inhibit the release of the product within. The company is looking for a method to modify the release of the organic compound. The compound becomes active when it comes into contact with external reagents in the area of application. Moisture, pH, temperature, and soil types are the influencers. The solution may come in the form of encapsulation, a barrier method, or a novel mechanism that modifies the release rate of the product in granular or prill form. Respond to this TechNeed at: www.techbriefs.com/tn/200902c.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: NASA Tech Needs

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Emissions Control System Provides up to 100% Removal

This emissions control system effectively reduces up to 100% of hydrocarbons (HC), carbon monoxide (CO), and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from fossil fuel combustion engines. It is suitable for gasoline, natural gas, propane, syngas, and diesel engines. The Emission Reduction System technology is recyclable and does not create additional toxic emissions. It is made from low carbon steel or stainless steel. The system features direct bolt-on replacement of original manufacturer equipment for most makes and models, and can reach operating efficiency within 9 seconds of engine startup. It is available with a silencer, and features high sound attenuation. For automotive applications, it improves operator and passenger safety by removing CO, NOx, and HC before they can enter the cabin. High flow capacity prevents back pressure to maintain maximum horsepower. The system allows for virtually pollution-free idling when idling is necessary. Get the complete report on this technology at: www.techbriefs.com/tow/200902b.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

Posted in: Techs for License

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Lossy Compression Technique Varies Data Quality in Response to Bandwidth or Time

Looking at ways to encode an image as a file, one byte in the file contributes information to one pixel (PPM files) or a small group of pixels (GIF, JPEG). In other image technologies such as wavelets, certain bytes contribute much more information than others. Lossy compression technique can vary data quality in response to bandwidth or time. Using this technology, data is encoded so that every byte in the file contributes a little information to all the pixels in the image. If a group of bytes is missing, an image can still be reconstructed from the remaining bytes. The technology represents content as projections of highdimensional polygonal lines on smaller subspaces. The content can be reconstructed regardless of the order of the projections. Moreover, an approximation of the content can be reconstructed with a partial subset of projections. Get the complete report on this technology at: www.techbriefs.com/tow/200902a.html Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

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NASA Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Monitoring

The Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission has been recommended for launch in the 2013-2016 time frame by the National Research Council. The mission’s purpose is to gather science that identifies human versus natural sources of aerosols and ozone precursors, tracks air pollution transport, and studies the dynamics of coastal ecosystems, river plumes, and tidal fronts.

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Single-Layer Electrochromic Polymer Technology for Automotive and Architectural Glazing Light Control

DuPont’s electrochromatic (EC) technology for controllable light transmission in automotive and architectural safety glazing applications is based on an organic polymer film that can function as a controllable EC interlayer. This technology addresses the need for reducing the complexity of current EC technologies and can be used in rigid and flexible forms, large sizes, and curved shapes. It has applications in dynamic electrochromic glazing systems that undergo a reversible change in color from light to dark by application of a very low voltage. Target markets in automotive include sunroofs, mirrors, instrument clusters, windshield shadebands, sidelights, and backlights. The technology works either in transmissive or reflective mode. Transmissive EC devices are made with indium tin oxide electrodes that are fully transparent in the visible spectral range. All of the components of the electronic control systems are commercially available. Get the complete report on this technology at: Email: nasatech@yet2.com Phone: 781-972-0600

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