Special Coverage

Technique Provides Security for Multi-Robot Systems
Bringing New Vision to Laser Material Processing Systems
NASA Tests Lasers’ Ability to Transmit Data from Space
Converting from Hydraulic Cylinders to Electric Actuators
Automating Optimization and Design Tasks Across Disciplines
Vibration Tables Shake Up Aerospace and Car Testing
Supercomputer Cooling System Uses Refrigerant to Replace Water
Computer Chips Calculate and Store in an Integrated Unit
Electron-to-Photon Communication for Quantum Computing

Robotic Vision Keeps an Assembly Plant at Home

A major manufacturer of electromechanical products had been operating six separate indexing assembly machines, each producing one of a family of more than 75 different products at about 40 parts per minute. The machines frequently sat idle as demand fluctuated for the various products. Labor expenses were high since each machine required a dedicated operator. The manufacturer considered moving the six machines and their entire production offshore to reduce labor expenses and save floor space at its European facility.

Posted in: Application Briefs, Imaging, Photonics
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Wide-Area Surveillance Using HD LWIR Uncooled Sensors

The effectiveness of airborne search and rescue, navigation, and situational awareness tasks is predicated on the availability of high-resolution imagery that provides pilots with a clear picture and the widest possible field of view. While the human eye is extremely high resolution with an unmatched ability to detect high-spatial-frequency (HSF) objects across a wide field of regard, human vision can easily fatigue, is subject to environmental conditions, and is vastly degraded at night.

Posted in: Application Briefs, Imaging, Photonics
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Handheld Laser Probe Detects Cancer in Real Time

An optical probe that detects cancerous brain cells in real time is impressive enough. Scientists in Montreal say they’ve developed one that is “infallible.”

Posted in: News, News, Diagnostics, Medical, Patient Monitoring, Fiber Optics, Optics, Detectors
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Selecting the Right Standard High-Voltage Power Supply

High-voltage power supplies drive a broad range of applications across diverse segments, including semiconductor, scientific, medical, industrial, and more. Designed to deliver stable supply voltages at 50 V and up, the power supplies, comprised of sophisticated components and specialized materials, must carefully manage the high voltages and associated effects, for example, corona and arcing. For systems developers choosing standard high-voltage power supplies, the specialized nature of high-voltage power calls for a power supply selection process that reflects the unique characteristics of the high- voltage power supply and its operation.

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Energy, Optics, Photonics
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Ultra-Thin Camera Says Good-Bye to the Lens

A new proof-of-concept design retires one of the most familiar parts of a traditional camera: the lens. By swapping out the glass lens with a tiny array of light receivers, a California Institute of Technology team believes the thinner, lighter model supports a new wave of ubiquitous imaging.

Posted in: News, Cameras, Imaging, Optical Components, Optics
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DESIGNING A VISION SYSTEM: A Comprehensive Guide to the Technical Requirements for Building a Vision System for Your Unique Imaging Application

There are a number of factors that need to be considered when designing a vision system, including: the hardware platform, the operating system, the software and API, and the very things that make the vision system “see” – the camera and its lens. Although each aspect plays an important role in achieving desired results, the camera and lens are the essence of the vision system. As such, it is recommended that both the camera and the lens be selected as a pair based on overall system requirements. Here we discuss various elements of vision systems with a focus on the camera and lens.

Posted in: White Papers, Imaging, Medical, Optics, Photonics
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Laser Integration on Silicon Photonic Circuits Through Transfer Printing

New fabrication approach allows the massively parallel transfer of III-V coupons to a silicon photonic target wafer.

The purpose of this project was to develop a transfer printing process for the massively parallel integration of III-V lasers on silicon photonic integrated circuits. Silicon has long offered promise as the ultimate platform for realizing compact photonic integrated circuits (PICs). That promise stems in part from the material's properties: the high refractive-index contrast of silicon allows strong confinement of the optical field, increasing light-matter interaction in a compact space—a particularly important attribute for realizing efficient modulators and high-speed detectors.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, TSP, Aerospace, Photonics, Integrated circuits, Lasers, Integrated circuits, Lasers, Fabrication, Materials properties, Semiconductors
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High Energy Computed Tomographic Inspection of Munitions

Inspection system provides additional level of quality assurance for R&D, reverse engineering, and malfunction investigations.

An advance computed tomography (CT) system was recently built for the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center, Picatinny Arsenal, NJ, for the inspection of munitions. The system is a charged coupled device (CCD) camera based CT system designated with the name “experimental Imaging Media” (XIM). The design incorporated shielding for use up to 4MeV x-ray photons and integrated two separate cameras into one single field of view (FOV). Other major distinguishing characteristics include its processing functions to digitally piece the two cameras together, use of advanced artifact reduction principles, performing reconstruction simultaneously during acquisition, and its development in accurate beam hardening corrections through digital means.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, TSP, Aerospace, Photonics, Charge coupled devices, Imaging, Imaging and visualization, Charge coupled devices, Imaging, Imaging and visualization, Defense industry, Inspections, Missiles
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Development of Photoacoustic Sensing Platforms

Research focuses on sensor miniaturization and detection of chemical targets both proximally and at range.

In recent years, photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS) has emerged as an attractive and powerful technique well suited for sensing applications. The development of high-power radiation sources and more sophisticated electronics, including sensitive microphones and digital lock-in amplifiers, have allowed for significant advances in PAS. Furthermore, photoacoustic (PA) detection of IR absorption spectra using modern tunable lasers offers several advantages, including simultaneous detection and discrimination of numerous molecules of interest. Successful applications of PAS in gases and condensed matter have made this a notable technique and it is now studied and employed by scientists and engineers in a variety of disciplines.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, TSP, Aerospace, Photonics, Amplifiers, Electronic equipment, Lasers, Sensors and actuators, Spectroscopy, Amplifiers, Electronic equipment, Lasers, Sensors and actuators, Spectroscopy, Acoustics, Acoustics
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Drones Spot Gas Leaks From the Sky

As part of a project to improve energy pipeline industry safety, a JPL-developed miniature methane sensor is flight tested on a small unmanned aerial system. (Credit: University of California, Merced)

Posted in: Articles, Optics, Sensors, Gases, Hazardous materials, Unmanned aerial vehicles
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