Special Coverage


Plasma Extraction of Oxygen from the Martian Atmosphere

Microwave plasmas use systems that are smaller, lighter, and less complex than traditional reactors. Marshall Space Flight Center, Alabama Extraction of oxygen from the abundant carbon dioxide present on Mars (96% atmospheric composition) is an important objective in preparation for missions to the planet. Oxygen is not only a fundamental reactant with high-specific-energy chemical fuels such as hydrogen and methane, but, along with water, it is arguably one of the most critical resources for life support. Using microwave plasma techniques to decompose CO2 into CO and O2, coupled with a technology to separate O2 as it is produced, a robotic processor located on the Martian surface would allow oxygen to be stockpiled for later use. Using innovative standing-wave microwave plasma reactor designs, ubiquitous 2.45-GHz microwave technology was employed to demonstrate 86% single-pass carbon dioxide decomposition.

Posted in: Briefs


Application of Carbon Nanotube Hold-Off Voltage for Determining Gas Composition

Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California In this innovation, a method and associated system have been created to vary a voltage applied to an exposed end of a carbon nanotube for a selected time interval to promote gas discharge, and to estimate a gas component involved in the discharge. Each component of a gas has a first, lower threshold discharge (voltage value, V∞) at which discharge can occur after a long time delay (t(V∞:ho)≈∞), where “ho” refers to a discharge voltage holdoff value. Application of a voltage V above this lower limit V∞ will cause the gas component to undergo a discharge after a discharge holdoff time t(V:ho) that decreases as V increases above V∞.

Posted in: Briefs


Electropolishing for Hydraulics and Pneumatics

Manufacturing components for the hydraulic and pneumatic industries often involve creating the ideal surface finish: neither too rough nor too smooth. When it comes to surface finish, electropolishing can help manufacturers walk that fine line and achieve the ultimate in function.

Posted in: White Papers, Electronics, Coatings & Adhesives


Advanced Thermal Management Solutions: Heat Pipes, Pumped Systems and Thermal Storage

How They Work and When They Should be Used This Webinar will discuss principles of the major thermal management solutions being implemented today. We will review the fundamentals of heat pipes, pumped liquid systems, pumped two phase systems and thermal storage. Basic heat transfer equations will be presented and explained for each.

Posted in: On-Demand Webinars, Coatings & Adhesives


Parylene Solves Biocompatibility and Reliability Challenges Facing Designers

Designers and manufacturers over a broad industry spectrum often seek key competitive advantages through the use of conformal coatings to preserve or enhance one or more key properties or functions. These desired functions may be electrical and barrier protection, dry film lubricity, stabilization of delicate microstructures, biocompatibility, antimicrobial features or a combination of one or more of these properties. Advances in technology have driven many part sizes and complexities beyond the capabilities of many traditional conformal coatings.

Posted in: Webinars, On-Demand Webinars, Coatings & Adhesives


The Truth about Parylene Coating & Medical Devices

Parylene is the generic name for members of a unique polymer series. Parylene conformal coatings represent a distinct family of organic polymeric coating materials that are polycrystalline and linear in nature, with innumerable commercial applications. Resilient, dielectric, and pinhole-free, parylenes are frequently selected for use with products subjected to ongoing conditions of duress that might otherwise diminish their performance.

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Coatings & Adhesives


Design to Manufacturing: Complete Support for High-Precision Components

The medical device, aerospace, and automotive industries are fast-moving, complex, and highly competitive. They demand suppliers who are willing and able to meet even the most rigorous production requirements, quality standards, and timetables.

Posted in: White Papers, Coatings & Adhesives