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Kameleon-Plus: Data Access, Interpolation, and Fieldline Tracing Library for Space Weather Simulation Data

This library provides an abstraction layer that an end user can access, interpolate, and perform fieldline integration for space weather simulation data. Normally, accessing and interpolating space weather simulation data requires knowledge of the model-specific data formats, spatial and temporal grids, coordinate transformations, and units conversions. This library handles all of that for the user, allowing the user to use simple standard calls to perform the same action across models. The fieldline tracer lets users perform fieldline integration without needing a file reader. The Kameleon-Plus library also abstracts out the file format, allowing several standardized file formats to be used, instead of the model specific binary files.

Posted in: Software, Briefs

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Software for Lossless Data Compression

Lossless data compression has been employed in space to reduce communication bandwidth requirements for onboard storage for more than 15 years. A widely used space compression standard is the recommendation published by the Consultative Committee on Space Data Systems (CCSDS). The standard describes a simple, efficient, lossless compression scheme that can be applied to data generated from various space instruments such as radiometers, gamma ray detectors, and optical sensors.

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Asynchronous Message Service (AMS) Software Libraries

This software implements the protocols described in the Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems (CCSDS) publication CCSDS 735.1-B-1. The purpose of the protocols is to enable the exchange of messages among a group of applications. The protocols provide several mechanisms for message exchange, including publish/subscribe (i.e., the source of a message specifies a subject, and the message is delivered to all members who have subscribed to that subject) and direct send (i.e., the source of a message specifies a particular member for whom to deliver the message). One of the protocols (Meta-AMS) supports a local community of applications. Another protocol (Remote-AMS) provides a gateway mechanism that connects multiple local message communities together, enabling a publish/subscribe capability between communities that, for example, might be on different planets.

Posted in: Software, Briefs, TSP

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Software for Executing International Standard CCSDS 123B

Advanced remote-sensing instruments in recent years often employ multiple wavelengths for maximal science return. Many of them comprise hundreds to over a thousand spectral bands. These instruments multiply the data volume and stress the communication bandwidth. With previously deployed space lossless data compression standards only applicable to individual bands, a need exists to further improve performance by using spectral information.

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TASAR and TAP: Airborne Trajectory Management Enabled by Traffic-Aware Software

This innovation consists of the Traffic Aware Strategic Aircrew Request (TASAR) concept and the associated Traffic Aware Planner (TAP) software. TASAR is intended to enable pilots to discover trajectory improvement opportunities while en route that will result in immediate operational benefits for the airspace user and be approvable by Air Traffic Control (ATC). TAP is a cockpit-based advisory tool that enables the TASAR concept, and it was developed to be hosted on a Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag. This near-term concept provides pilots with a strategic re-planning capability that optimizes fuel burn or flight time; avoids interactions with known traffic, weather, and restricted airspace; and may be used by the pilots to request a trajectory change from ATC with increased likelihood of approval. TAP’s internal architecture and algorithms are derived from the Autonomous Operations Planner (AOP), a flight-deck automation system developed by NASA to support research into aircraft self-separation.

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Module::Build::Database

Module::Build::Database was developed as part of the Atmospheric Composition Processing System, which works with the Science Investigator-Led Processing System for the Ozone Monitoring Instrument. The technology allows the user to distribute changes to the schema in a database alongside software that relies on the database.

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Overcome Challenges of Your Highly Constrained PCB Designs

Layout constraints are an essential part of a PCB design. As the technology in modern electronic devices has become more complex (e.g. increasing speed, decreasing rise time and supply voltage values), signal integrity issues have become a primary concern. For many designs, this means a large percentage of nets require PCB layout constraints to meet signal integrity requirements. This brings two major challenges: creating a proper set of layout constraints for your design and applying those constraints during the PCB layout design process. This paper shows how to address the challenges of highly constrained designs.

Posted in: Software, White Papers

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