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A Bio-Solar Breakthrough

An international team of researchers has developed a process that improves the efficiency of generating electric power using molecular structures extracted from plants. The system taps into photosynthetic processes to produce efficient and inexpensive energy.

Posted in: Materials, Coatings & Adhesives, Solar Power, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Semiconductors & ICs, News

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Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching

University of Illinois researchers have developed a method to chemically etch patterned arrays in the semiconductor gallium arsenide - used in solar cells, lasers, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), field effect transistors (FETs), capacitors, and sensors.

Posted in: Metals, Solar Power, Renewable Energy, LEDs, Semiconductors & ICs, News

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Composite Metamaterial for Solar Tech

A Northwestern University research team has developed a new material that absorbs a wide range of wavelengths and could lead to more efficient and less expensive solar technology. The researchers used two unconventional materials – metal and silicon oxide – to create thin but complex, trapezoid-shaped metal gratings on the nanoscale that can trap a wider range of visible light.

Posted in: Materials, Metals, Solar Power, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Energy, Semiconductors & ICs, News, GDM

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MOSFET Switching Circuit Protects Shape Memory Alloy Actuators

A small-footprint, full surface-mount-component printed circuit board employs MOSFET (metal-oxide-semi-conductor field-effect transistor) power switches to switch high currents from any input power supply from 3 to 30 V.

Posted in: Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs, TSP

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Optimized FPGA Implementation of Multi-Rate FIR Filters Through Thread Decomposition

This technique is used in design automation and in digital circuit design.Multi-rate finite impulse response (MRFIR) filters are among the essential signal-processing components in space-borne instruments where finite impulse response filters are often used to minimize nonlinear group delay and finite-precision effects. Cascaded (multi-stage) designs of MRFIR filters are further used for large rate change ratio in order to lower the required throughput, while simultaneously achieving comparable or better performance than single-stage designs. Traditional representation and implementation of MRFIR employ polyphase decomposition of the original filter structure, whose main purpose is to compute only the needed output at the lowest possible sampling rate.

Posted in: Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs

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Circuit for Communication Over Power Lines

This technique can be used in vehicle sensors, building sensors, and other industrial control applications.Many distributed systems share common sensors and instruments along with a common power line supplying current to the system. A communication technique and circuit has been developed that allows for the simple inclusion of an instrument, sensor, or actuator node within any system containing a common power bus. Wherever power is available, a node can be added, which can then draw power for itself, its associated sensors, and actuators from the power bus all while communicating with other nodes on the power bus.

Posted in: Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs, TSP

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High-Voltage-Input Level Translator Using Standard CMOS

High-voltage input circuitry would be combined with standard low-voltage CMOS circuitry.A proposed integrated circuit would translate (1) a pair of input signals having a low differential potential and a possibly high common-mode potential into (2) a pair of output signals having the same low differential potential and a low common-mode potential. As used here, “low” and “high” refer to potentials that are, respectively, below or above the nominal supply potential (3.3 V) at which standard complementary metal oxide/semiconductor (CMOS) integrated circuits are designed to operate. The input common-mode potential could lie between 0 and 10 V; the output common-mode potential would be 2 V. This translation would make it possible to process the pair of signals by use of standard 3.3-V CMOS analog and/or mixed-signal (analog and digital) circuitry on the same integrated-circuit chip. A schematic of the circuit is shown in the figure.

Posted in: Semiconductors & ICs, Briefs, TSP

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