Special Coverage

Active Aircraft Pylon Noise Control System
Unmanned Aerial Systems Traffic Management
Method of Bonding Dissimilar Materials
Sonar Inspection Robot System
Applying the Dynamic Inertia Measurement Method to Full-Scale Aerospace Vehicles
Method and Apparatus for Measuring Surface Air Pressure
Fully Premixed, Low-Emission, High-Pressure, Multi-Fuel Burner
Self-Healing Wire Insulation
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Shape Sensing Using Multicore Fiber Optic Cable and Parametric Curve Solutions

Langley Research Center, Hampton, Virginia Apaper reports a method of converting distributed curvature measurements into a three-dimensional shape by combining elastic rod theory and differential geometry to arrive at a three-dimensional solution of the Frenet-Serret formulas. A new method of calculating the shape of a multicore fiber optic cable is presented. The method utilizes discrete strain measurements obtained in each core to create a continuous representation of fiber curvature and torsion. The Frenet-Serret equations are then solved using these representations to obtain fiber shape. Shape measurements were found to have, at most, 7.2% error. The primary source of error is most likely externally induced twisting in the fiber.

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Encoders and Decoders for the AR4JA LDPC Codes

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) codes are the best error-correcting codes known for a wide variety of communications applications. The AR4JA code family encompasses encoders and decoders for nine error-correcting codes. These include Accumulate, Repeat-by-4, and Jagged Accumulate (AR4JA) codes developed at JPL.

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Explicitly Filtered Large Eddy Simulation for Prediction of a Conserved Scalar

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California The prediction of a conserved scalar is important in many fields of study. For example, in modeling of combustion processes, if a conserved scalar exists, the mathematical problem can be greatly simplified. Inert gases transported in mixtures of other gases are also simulated by a conserved scalar. This concept is also applicable to atmospheric sciences where pollutant dispersion can be studied by using a passive scalar approach.

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Dictionary Management System

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California The Dictionary Management System (DMS) is a Web-based tool to develop and store a project command and telemetry dictionary. The dictionary defines a project’s flight/ground interface. In recent years, dictionaries have become very large, making it hard to maintain traditional methods of flat-file storage and manual configuration management. DMS is a centralized solution to this problem that allows a multi-disciplinary team to work together to manage the development, verification, and operational use of the dictionary.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers, Information Sciences, Software

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National Vulnerability Database (NVD) Query Tool

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Currently, there are no programmatic methods to query the NIST National Vulnerability Database (NVD) without downloading the entire database in XML format, parsing the content, loading the resulting data into a self-hosted database, and then developing an interface for querying the content. This tool takes advantage of the fact that NVD provides an interactive user form for query on the website, and extends it to allow for programmatic queries to generate vulnerability reports.

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Ensemble

Ensemble tools for different missions share a common look and feel, easing the transition of personnel between projects. NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California Success in mission operations relies on achieving consensus amongst a wide variety of personnel with diverse backgrounds and education. Previously, NASA missions relied on disparate tools with a variety of inconsistent interfaces. These tools greatly influence how members of the mission communicate with each other, increasing confusion and reducing consensus. Ensemble provides a shared interface that helps scientists and engineers of differing disciplines to collaborate effectively. Within a single tool, Ensemble allows scientists and engineers to efficiently discuss objectives and understand the tradeoffs between exploration and discovery.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Electronics & Computers, Software

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Fast Block Transforms on Large Binary Datasets in the Cloud Using Hadoop Streaming

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California A software framework on top of Hadoop Streaming enables both the processing of binary data in the cloud, and the freedom for the developer to implement his or her mapper and reducer programs in any language, rather than re-implementing existing solutions in Java, or repackaging existing binary data into a text format. Binary data is partitioned into chunks that are kept in a persistent data storage medium. A textual list of filenames for these chunks is piped into a Hadoop Streaming mapper program, which then reads the corresponding files, computes block transforms locally, and writes the results back to persistent data storage. The mapper program is stored on all compute nodes, and the filenames are distributed in parallel across the cluster, so that the workload is evenly distributed and the end-to-end block transform speedup is roughly given by the number of nodes in the cluster.

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