White Papers

The Basics Of Pressure Regulators

Pressure regulators are found in many common home and industrial applications. For example, pressure regulators are used in gas grills to regulate propane pressure, in home furnaces to regulate natural gas, in medical/dental equipment regulate oxygen and anesthesia gases, in pneumatic automation systems to regulate compressed air, in engines to regulate fuel pressure, and in fuel cells to regulate hydrogen. Although the applications vary considerably, the pressure regulators provide the same function. Pressure regulators reduce a supply pressure to a lower outlet pressure and they maintain this outlet pressure regardless of inlet pressure fluctuations. This reduction in pressure is the key characteristic of pressure regulators; outlet pressure is always at a pressure below the inlet pressure.

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Performance Characteristics of Digital Frequency Discriminators

Digital frequency discriminators are key components of instantaneous frequency measurement (IFM) receiver systems as well as many other complex electronic warfare (EW) systems. However, to obtain optimum results it is essential to match DFD performance levels to a specific application. DFDs are integral components of IFM receiver systems; they may also be imbedded into a wide range of military systems such as radar warning receivers (RWRs), electronic countermeasures (ECM) systems, and electronic support measures (ESM) platforms, where they help provide instantaneous frequency measurement capability.

Posted in: Electronics & Computers, White Papers, White Papers

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The True Cost of Bearing Lubrication

Today, machine and equipment manufacturers are feeling more pressure than ever to reduce costs without sacrificing machine performance and this balancing act can be difficult to achieve. Original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) often overlook a simple solution that can have a positive, long-term impact on profitability for themselves and their customers: the elimination of bearing lubricant. By eliminating lubrication systems where possible, OEMs can reduce production costs, while at the same time making their equipment more marketable and less expensive to operate for the end users.

Posted in: Mechanical Components, Bio-Medical, White Papers, White Papers, White Papers

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Avionics Reliability – Thermal Design Considerations

Thermal design for reliability faces challenges from power dissipation demands from increased processing, sensing and communication requirements plus targets for size, weight and operation. Address thermal challenges effectively with electronics cooling simulation that brings electronic and mechanical design flows closer.

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Improving Fidelity of Noise Repetitive Signals with Signal Averaging Technology

For many high-speed data acquisition applications requiring extraction of small repetitive signals from noisy environments, such as LIDAR or optical fiber testing, minimizing the effects of noise is a challenge for system design. Signal averaging provides dependable and efficient results. The article illustrates how FPGA-based signal averaging technology processes signals and reduces noise effects, improving signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) without occupying valuable CPU bandwidth.

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Linear Guides For The Next Generation Of Medical Machines

At IKO, we offer an extensive line of miniature linear motion products that can meet the requirements of size-constrained medical applications. Among them are the world’s smallest recirculating ball linear guide, which has a track rail width of just 1-mm and a cross sectional height of 2.5-mm. We also offer a tiny ball-spline guide which has a shaft diameter of 2-mm and a cylinder diameter of 6-mm.

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