White Papers

Introduction into Theory of Direction Finding

Applications of direction finding While direction finding for navigation purposes (referred to as cooperative direction finding) is becoming less important due to the availability of satellite navigation systems, there is a growing requirement for determining the location of emitters as the mobility of communications equipment increases:

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dB or not dB? Everything you ever wanted to know about decibels but were afraid to ask...

True or false: 30 dBm + 30 dBm = 60 dBm? Why does 1% work out to be -40 dB one time but then 0.1 dB or 0.05 dB the next time? These questions sometimes leave even experienced engineers scratching their heads. Decibels are found everywhere, including power levels, voltages, reflection coefficients, noise figures, field strengths and more. What is a decibel and how should we use it in our calculations? This Application Note is intended as a refresher on the subject of decibels.

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Antenna Basics

This white paper describes the basic functionality of antennas. Starting with Hertz's Antenna model followed by a short introduction to the fundamentals of wave propagation, the important general characteristics of an antenna and its associated parameters are explained.

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How to Select an Analog Signal Generator

Today’s microwave and wireless communications market is expanding at an incredible rate. Along with this growth comes an increasing need for test equipment, such as an analog signal generator, that can help verify the performance of devices and systems.

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The Fast Guide to Protecting COTS Electronics with Conformal Coatings: The Basics of Acrylic, Silicone, Urethane and Parylene Conformal Coatings

Commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) electronics are used frequently for military and aerospace applications. They need to provide unquestionable performance, operating without fail under often extreme, severe, and rugged circumstances for extended periods of time. Some COTS applications that demand solutions superior to normal use are:

Posted in: White Papers, White Papers, Coatings & Adhesives

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Why Surface Contact Pressure In Your Manufacturing Process Matters

This white paper explore the various methods available for measuring tactile surface pressure between contacting or impacting surfaces. Knowledge of the distribution of pressure between contacting surfaces is integral to ensuring the highest quality product with minimal production losses.  Many types of technologies specialize in the recording and analyzing of tactile surface pressure and this paper describes the pros and cons of each type.

Posted in: White Papers, Data Acquisition, Sensors

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Selecting Miniature Motors for your Medical Devices

The creation of small, portable infusion pumps opened a new chapter in medical care. A patient can receive carefully metered and timed doses of medicine, without requiring a visit to the medical practitioner, allowing life to be less restrictive. Ambulatory pumps have been developed to deliver insulin, nutritive supplements and anticancer drugs.

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