White Papers

Accurate Finite Element Simulation of Conductors

Simulation of electromagnetic systems relies on the accurate and efficient representation of electrical conductors and coils. This whitepaper reviews the ways conductors can be represented using the industry leading Opera Simulation Software Suite from Cobham. The methods explored include various bulk approximations useful for multi-turn windings as well as explicit methods to include current redistribution due to proximity, geometry and skin effects.

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Envelope Tracking and Digital Pre-Distortion Test Solution for RF Amplifiers

The R&S®SMW200A together with the R&S®FSW is a state of the art testing solution that significantly reduces the required hardware for testing power amplifiers with envelope tracking and/or digital pre-distortion.

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Fundamentals of Vector Network Analysis Primer

One of the most common measuring tasks in RF engineering involves analysis of circuits (networks). A network analyzer is an instrument that is designed to handle this job with great precision and efficiency. Circuits that can be analyzed using network analyzers range from simple devices such as filters and amplifiers to complex modules used in communications satellites

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Magnetics Design: Specification, Performance & Economics

An informative white paper from Datatronics Romoland, Inc., provides a discussion of the design, development and delivery of affordable magnetic components. The design development process begins once performance requirements are specified. Upon design approval, the procurement of materials for a prototype build is initiated. During this stage, specifications are not final and options remain open for cost-effective production. Specifications must be reviewed and design trade-offs evaluated to ensure that the technical requirements are economically attainable with consideration given to performance and tolerance in relation to affordable cost.

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An Introduction to LED Capabilities

Developments in LED technology have created an even wider range of new applications. The LED industry is booming in part due to the introduction of high intensity blue LEDs and the use of white LEDs in aerospace and lighting engineering. Increased capability and application also creates increased demands on optical characterization of LEDs. In order to meet this increased demand for a reliable, high quality product, special technological capability is necessary in order to maintain precise results that can be reproduced. The purposes of this white paper are to provide an overview of the terms used in LED testing and development for LED metrology newcomers and experienced professionals alike. Additionally, it will provide a comparison of the equipment used in the LED industry as well as recommendations for applications and obtaining accurate measurement results.

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Reverse Engineering

Finding replacement metal bellows components is easier with Servometer's time saving reverse engineering guidelines. Download White Paper Reverse Engineering guidelines Today's design engineers often find themselves in the uncomfortable predicament of replacing legacy parts or parts that have become obsolete. This predicament is often the result of undocumented drawings, part numbers, or specifications. In many cases, the original designer is no longer available. Whatever the reasons, it is often the job of the design engineer to propose a solution using outdated technology and resources or insufficient information. This paper offers hands on reverse engineering guidelines and provides a solution to finding the ideal replacement bellows for your application.

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Electroforming Basics

Electroforming is the process of depositing thin layers of metal onto a mandrel through electroplating, dissolving the mandrel chemically, and leaving the plating as the final electroformed product. Learn how electroformed components are manufactured and how they can be applied to a variety of applications.

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