November 2005

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Absolute Position Encoders With Vertical Image Binning

Improved optoelectronic pattern recognition encoders that measure rotary and linear 1-dimensional positions at conversion rates (numbers of readings per unit time) exceeding 20 kHz have been invented. Heretofore, optoelectronic pattern-recognition absolute-position encoders have been limited...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Multiple-Bit Differential Detection of OQPSK

A multiple-bit differential-detection method has been proposed for the reception of radio signals modulated with offset quadrature phase-shift keying (offset QPSK or OQPSK). The method is also applicable to other spectrally efficient offset quadrature modulations.

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Some Improvements in H-PDLCs

Some improvements have been made in the formulation of holographically formed polymer-dispersed liquid crystals (H-PDLCs) and in the fabrication of devices made from these materials, with resulting improvements in performance. H-PDLCs are essentially volume Bragg gratings. Devices made from HPDLCs function as...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Laser System for Precise, Unambiguous Range Measurements

The Modulation Sideband Technology for Absolute Range (MSTAR) architecture is the basis of design of a proposed laser-based heterodyne interferometer that could measure a range (distance) as great as 100 km with a precision and resolution of the order of 1 nm. Simple optical...

Briefs : Semiconductors & ICs
Flexible, Carbon-Based Ohmic Contacts for Organic Transistors

A low-temperature process for fabricating flexible, ohmic contacts for use in organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) has been developed. Typical drainsource contact materials used previously for OTFTs include (1) vacuum deposited noble metal contacts and (2) solution deposited...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Tool Measures Depths of Defects on a Case Tang Joint

A special-purpose tool has been developed for measuring the depths of defects on an O-ring seal surface. The surface lies in a specially shaped ringlike fitting, called a “capture feature tang,” located on an end of a cylindrical segment of a case that contains a solid-fuel booster rocket...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Stability-Augmentation Devices for Miniature Aircraft

Non-aerodynamic mechanical devices are under consideration as means to augment the stability of miniature autonomous and remotely controlled aircraft. Such aircraft can be used for diverse purposes, including military reconnaissance, radio communications, and safety-related monitoring of wide...

Briefs : Information Technology
Predicting Numbers of Problems in Development of Software

A method has been formulated to enable prediction of the amount of work that remains to be performed in developing flight software for a spacecraft. The basic concept embodied in the method is that of using an idealized curve (specifically, the Weibull function) to interpolate from (1)...

Briefs : Information Technology
Improved Compression of Wavelet-Transformed Images

A recently developed data-compression method is an adaptive technique for coding quantized wavelet-transformed data, nominally as part of a complete image-data compressor. Unlike some other approaches, this method admits a simple implementation and does not rely on the use of large code...

Briefs : Software
Best-Fit Conic Approximation of Spacecraft Trajectory

A computer program calculates a best conic fit of a given spacecraft trajectory. Spacecraft trajectories are often propagated as conics onboard. The conic-section parameters as a result of the best-conic-fit are uplinked to computers aboard the spacecraft for use in updating predictions of...

Briefs : Software
Distributing Data From Desktop to Hand-Held Computers

A system of server and client software formats and redistributes data from commercially available desktop to commercially available hand-held computers via both wired and wireless networks. This software is an inexpensive means of enabling engineers and technicians to gain access to current...

Briefs : Software
SQL-RAMS

SQL-RAMS (where "SQL" signifies Structured Query Language and "RAMS" signifies Rocketdyne Automated Management System) is a successor to the legacy version of RAMS — a computer program used to manage all work, nonconformance, corrective action, and configuration management on rocket engines and ground support equipment at Stennis...

Briefs : Software
Control Program for an Optical-Calibration Robot

A computer program provides semiautomatic control of a moveable robot used to perform optical calibration of videocamera-based optoelectronic sensor systems that will be used to guide automated rendezvous maneuvers of spacecraft.

Briefs : Software
GUI for Computational Simulation of a Propellant Mixer

Control Panel is a computer program that generates a graphical user interface (GUI) for computational simulation of a rocket- test-stand propellant mixer in which gaseous hydrogen (GH2) is injected into flowing liquid hydrogen (LH2) to obtain a combined flow having desired thermodynamic...

Briefs : Software
Computing Thermal Effects of Cavitation in Cryogenic Liquids
A computer program implements a numerical model of thermal effects of cavitation in cryogenic fluids. The model and program were developed for use in designing and predicting the performances of turbopumps for cryogenic fluids. Prior numerical models used for this purpose do not account...
Briefs : Software
Doclet To Synthesize UML

The RoseDoclet computer program extends the capability of Java doclet software to automatically synthesize Unified Modeling Language (UML) content from Java language source code. [Doclets are Java-language programs that use the doclet application programming interface (API) to specify the content and format of the output...

Briefs : Software
Full Multigrid Flow Solver

FMG3D (full multigrid 3 dimensions) is a pilot computer program that solves equations of fluid flow using a finite difference representation on a structured grid. Infrastructure exists for three dimensions but the current implementation treats only two dimensions. Written in Fortran 90, FMG3D takes advantage of the...

Briefs : Software
Virtual Machine Language
Virtual Machine Language (VML) is a mission-independent, reusable software system for programming for spacecraft operations. Features of VML include a rich set of data types, named functions, parameters, IF and WHILE control structures, polymorphism, and on-the-fly creation of spacecraft commands from calculated values....
Briefs : Software
Two-Dimensional Ffowcs Williams/Hawkings Equation Solver

FWH2D is a Fortran 90 computer program that solves a two-dimensional (2D) version of the equation, derived by J. E. Ffowcs Williams and D. L. Hawkings, for sound generated by turbulent flow. FWH2D was developed especially for estimating noise generated by airflows around such approximately...

Briefs : Software
AutoChem

AutoChem is a suite of Fortran 90 computer programs for the modeling of kinetic reaction systems. AutoChem performs automatic code generation, symbolic differentiation, analysis, and documentation. It produces a documented stand-alone system for the modeling and assimilation of atmospheric chemistry. Given databases of chemical...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Controlling Force and Depth in Friction Stir Welding

Feedback control of the penetration force applied to a pin tool in friction stir welding has been found to be a robust and reliable means for controlling the depth of penetration of the tool. This discovery has made it possible to simplify depth control and to weld with greater repeatability,...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
The THz Hot-Electron Photon Counter Concept

A document proposes the development of hot-electron photon counters (HEPCs) for detecting terahertz photons in spaceborne far-infrared astronomical instruments. These would be superconducting-transition-edge devices: they would contain superconducting bridges that would have such low heat capacities...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Measuring Two Key Parameters of H3 Color Centers in Diamond

A method of measuring two key parameters of H3 color centers in diamond has been created as part of a continuing effort to develop tunable, continuous-wave, visible lasers that would utilize diamond as the lasing medium. (An H3 color center in a diamond crystal lattice comprises two...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Flexible Heater Provides Thermal Solution for Fast Temperature-Cycling Environments

Thermal components for military, aerospace, and medical applications are continually getting smaller, more accurate, and more robust. To match these technological advancements, heating systems are being custom-designed to provide critical edge-to-edge uniformity,...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Improved Compression of Wavelet-Transformed Images

A recently developed data-compression method is an adaptive technique for coding quantized wavelet-transformed data, nominally as part of a complete image-data compressor. Unlike some other approaches, this method admits a simple implementation and does not rely on the use of large code...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Spill-Resistant Alkali-Metal-Vapor Dispenser

A spill-resistant vessel has been developed for dispensing an alkali-metal vapor. Vapors of alkali metals (most commonly, cesium or rubidium, both of which melt at temperatures slightly above room temperature) are needed for atomic frequency standards, experiments in spectroscopy, and experiments in...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Stroboscopic Interferometer for Measuring Mirror Vibrations

Stroboscopic interferometry is a technique for measuring the modes of vibration of mirrors that are lightweight and, therefore, unavoidably flexible. The technique was conceived especially for modal characterization of lightweight focusing mirror segments to be deployed in outer space;...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Precision Cryogenic Dilatometer

A dilatometer based on a laser interferometer is being developed to measure mechanical creep and coefficients of thermal expansion (CTEs) of materials at temperatures ranging from ambient down to 15 K. This cryogenic dilatometer has been designed to minimize systematic errors that limit the best previously...

Briefs : Test & Measurement
Flexible Cryogenic Temperature and Liquid-Level Probes

Lightweight, flexible probes have been developed for measuring temperatures at multiple locations in tanks that contain possibly pressurized cryogenic fluids. If the fluid in a given tank is subcritical (that is, if it consists of a liquid and its vapor), then in one of two modes of...

Briefs : Materials
Improved Charge-Transfer Fluorescent Dyes

Improved charge- transfer fluorescent dyes have been developed for use as molecular probes. These dyes are based on benzofuran nuclei with attached phenyl groups substituted with, variously, electron donors, electron acceptors, or combi- nations of donors and acceptors. Optionally, these dyes could be...

Briefs : Physical Sciences
Networked Equipment Makes Spherical and Aspheric Optics Manufacturing Predictable

In their quest for the twin grails of high production volume and extreme precision in the manufacture of both spherical and aspherical optical surfaces, manufacturers have been stymied by the difficulty of translating measurement results obtained from metrology...

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