November 2014

News : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Scientists Turn Handheld JCAD into Dual-Use Chemical, Explosives Detector

Scientists at the U.S. Army Edgewood Chemical Biological Center recently gave the Joint Chemical Agent Detector (JCAD) the ability to detect explosive materials. The original JCAD was developed and fielded to U.S. Forces nearly 25 years ago, to serve as a portable,...

News : Defense
Adaptive Zoom Riflescope Prototype Has Push-Button Magnification

When an Army Special Forces officer‑turned engineer puts his mind to designing a military riflescope, he doesn’t forget the importance of creating something for the soldiers who will carry it that is easy to use, extremely accurate, light‑weight and has long‑lasting battery...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Killer Robots - Army Studies Challenges of Remote Lethality

The military has used and experimented with robots that perform functions such as scouting and surveillance, carrying supplies and detecting and disposing of improvised homemade bombs. However, when it comes to integrating lethality, such as a weapon capable of firing 10 rounds per...

News : Electronics & Computers
Technique Generates Electricity from Mechanical Vibrations

Research scientists at VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland have demonstrated a new technique for generating electrical energy. The method can be used in harvesting energy from mechanical vibrations of the environment and converting it into electricity. Energy harvesters are needed...

News : Automotive
Car Could be Powered by Its Own Body Panels

A car powered by its own body panels could soon be driving on our roads after a breakthrough in nanotechnology research by a Queensland University of Technology (Australia) team. They developed lightweight supercapacitors that can be combined with regular batteries to dramatically boost the power of an...

News : Automotive
Singapore Launches First Driverless Vehicles for Public

Researchers and engineers from the Singapore — MIT Alliance for Research and Technology (SMART) and the National University of Singapore (NUS) are deploying two driverless vehicles, free‑of‑charge, for public use. They will feature vehicle‑to‑vehicle communications that will allow...

Who's Who
Jeff Ding, Aerospace Welding Engineer, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL

Jeff Ding developed Ultrasonic Stir Welding (USW) to join large pieces of very high‑strength metals, such as titanium and Inconel. The solid-state weld process improves the current Thermal Stir Welding process by adding high-power ultrasonic (HPU) energy at 20...

News : Test & Measurement
Researchers Measure Stress in 3D-Printed Metal Parts

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have developed an efficient method to measure residual stress in metal parts produced by powder-bed fusion additive manufacturing (AM).

The 3D-printing process produces metal parts layer by layer using a high-energy laser beam to fuse metal...

News : Green Design & Manufacturing
NASA Computer Model Reveals Carbon Dioxide Levels

An ultra-high-resolution NASA computer model has given scientists a stunning new look at how carbon dioxide in the atmosphere travels around the globe.

Plumes of carbon dioxide in the simulation swirl and shift as winds disperse the greenhouse gas away from its sources. The simulation also...

News : Aerospace
3D Audio Research Helps Make Cockpit Safer

Imagine yourself in a cockpit, flying a mission, listening to a multitude of critical voices delivering vital messages, all at the same time and from the same direction. Now imagine the same environment, except that the voices are now distinct and separate. The Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) has...

News : Aerospace
NASA Tests Revolutionary Shape-Changing Aircraft Flap

NASA's green aviation project is one step closer to developing technology that could make future airliners quieter and more fuel‑efficient with the successful flight test of a wing surface that can change shape in flight. Researchers replaced an airplane’s conventional aluminum flaps with...

News : Propulsion
Supersonic Laser-Propelled Rockets Could Help Aircraft Exceed Mach 10

A new method for improving the thrust generated by laser-propulsion systems may bring them one step closer to practical use. The method, developed by physicists Yuri Rezunkov of the Institute of Optoelectronic Instrument Engineering, Russia, and Alexander Schmidt of the Ioffe...

Question of the Week
Will comet missions yield valuable information about the origin of the solar system?

This week's Question: The Philae spacecraft successfully landed on a moving comet last week. Scientists hope to be able to study the material beneath the surface of the solar body, which is traveling through space at 41,000 mph, hundreds of millions of miles...

News : Electronics & Computers
Moving Cameras Track Objects Automatically

University of Washington electrical engineers have developed a way to automatically track people across moving and still cameras by using an algorithm that trains the networked cameras to learn one another’s differences. The cameras first identify a person in a video frame, then follow that same...

News : Test & Measurement
Ocean Gliders Measure Melting Polar Ice

The rapidly melting ice sheets on the coast of West Antarctica are a potentially major contributor to rising ocean levels worldwide. Although warm water near the coast is thought to be the main factor causing the ice to melt, the process by which this water ends up near the cold continent is not well...

News : Materials
Microbot Muscles Self-Assemble and Flex

In a step toward robots smaller than a grain of sand, University of Michigan researchers have shown how chains of self-assembling particles could serve as electrically activated muscles in the tiny machines.

"We are inspired by ideas of microscopic robots," said Michael Solomon, a professor of chemical...

News : RF & Microwave Electronics
NASA Technologists Advance Next-Generation 3D Imaging

Building, fixing, and refueling space-based assets or rendezvousing with a comet or asteroid will require a robotic vehicle and a super-precise, high-resolution 3D imaging lidar that generates the real-time images needed to guide the vehicle to a target traveling at thousands of miles per...

News : Robotics, Automation & Control
Cockroach Biobots Detect Sound

North Carolina State University researchers have developed technology that allows cyborg cockroaches, or biobots, to pick up sounds with small microphones and seek out the source of the sound. The technology is designed to help emergency personnel find and rescue survivors in the aftermath of a disaster.

The...

News : Energy
Light Bending Material Facilitates Search for New Particles

Particle physicists have a hard time identifying all the elementary particles created in their particle accelerators. But now researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have designed a material that makes it much easier to distinguish the particles.

News : Photonics/Optics
Scientists Find Novel Way to Improve Laser Performance

Energy loss in optical systems, such as lasers, is a chief hindrance to their performance and efficiency and it occurs on an ongoing, frustrating basis. To help laser systems overcome loss, operators often pump the system with an overabundance of photons, or light packets, to achieve optical...

Products
1550 nm Pulsed Laser Diode

OSI Laser Diode, Inc. (LDI) (Edison, NJ) has introduced a 1550 nm pulsed laser diode with an integrated micro lens that delivers a far‑field beam pattern. The beam pattern's divergence is equivalent in both the Fast (perpendicular) and the Slow (parallel) axes of emission. The CVLL 350‑CL90 pulsed laser diode beam...

Question of the Week
Would you eat 3D-printed food?

This week's Question: A startup company, Natural Machines, has introduced a 3D printer called Foodini. The technology creates food with stainless steel capsules and edible, fresh ingredients. The microwave‑oven‑sized Foodini, displayed during Dublin's Web Summit technology conference last week, serves as a...

Products
Single Photon Counting Modules

Laser Components' (Hudson, NH) COUNT® single photon counting modules (SPCM) achieve a quantum efficiency of over 70% in the red region and a significantly higher quantum efficiency in the blue spectral range. In addition, these modules are perfectly suited for measurements across the entire wavelength range from...

News : Imaging
High-Res Line Camera Measures Magnetic Fields in Real Time

Scientists have developed a high‑resolution magnetic line camera to measure magnetic fields in real time. Field lines in magnetic systems such as generators or motors that are invisible to the human eye can be made visible using this camera. It is especially suitable for industrial...

News : Medical
Sensors Monitor Dangerous Hits on the Football Field

In football, a tackle can supply 100 Gs of force or more, well above the amount that can cause a concussion and more than 10 times the force of an F‑16 jet roll maneuver. University of Florida (UF) researchers are using the helmets of Gator football players to help measure the force of...

News : Aerospace
Space-Based Instrument Monitors Plant Health

A new space‑based instrument to study how effectively plants use water is being developed at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The ECOsystem Spaceborne Thermal Radiometer Experiment on Space Station (ECOSTRESS) will monitor one of the most basic processes in living plants: the loss of water through...

Question of the Week
Will "4D" materials catch on?

This week's Question: While 3D printing has still not yet reached the mainstream, MIT and other researchers are performing primary tests on the next design dimension. 4D printing, a self-assembly design process, enables the production of composite materials that react and change shape in predictable ways when...

Features : Photonics/Optics
Industry Roundtable: Imaging Technology

Few technologies have impacted the scientific community – and non-scientific community for that matter – as much as digital imaging technology. From exotic, high-speed imaging systems to rugged machine vision systems to a vast array of sophisticated consumer devices, digital cameras are everywhere...

Application Briefs : Photonics/Optics
Ruggedized Displays Improve Automotive Safety

Navigation and entertainment screens in cars are becoming ever-larger and, in some cases, the central control point for drivers and passengers. Many manufacturers consider using glass to cover the displays. It gives the same pleasing surface feel and high-quality look that users of tablets and...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Product of the Month: Laser Illumination System

Specialised Imaging (Herts., UK), working in conjunction with Cavitar (Tampere, Finland), has announced the SI LUX640 laser illumination system, designed to improve the accuracy and sensitivity of high-speed video, ultra-high-speed framing cameras, Schleiren imaging, and Shadowgraph systems.

Products : Photonics/Optics
>60 W Ultraviolet (UV) Laser

Spectra-Physics®, (Santa Clara, CA), a Newport company, recently introduced Quasar 355-60, a UV laser that offers a groundbreaking >60 W with high >300 μJ pulse energies. Featuring TimeShiftTM technology for programmable pulse parameters, the laser delivers dramatic advances of 33...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Monolithic Light Engine

Melles Griot (Carlsbad, CA) has introduced the OEM Monolithic Light Engine. The light engine can shake, rattle, and ship without needing to be realigned. The hermetically sealed design, combined with a patented beam-combiner results in rock-solid stability when subjected to mechanical shock, vibration and temperature...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Laser Diode Driver

Portable Power Systems (St. Louis, MO) has introduced the new PPS-90-125OEMDPC laser diode driver. The PPS series of OEM laser diode drivers will operate from 1-45 diodes or bars in either the Pulsed or CW mode. Added features include Over Voltage and Over Current protection, Remote and Coolant interlocks, Over Temperature...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Green Laser Diode Modules

The Optoelectronics Company (Hertfordshire, UK) has launched a range of direct emission 520nm green laser diode modules which offer OEMs and system integrators a cost and energy-efficient alternative to low-tech DPSS green laser modules. The green laser diode modules produce a high-quality elliptical beam at 520nm and...

Products : Photonics/Optics
ESD Protection For Laser Diodes

Pangolin Laser Systems, Inc. (Orlando, FL) are now offering their patented LASORB component in an SMT form. LASORB is a hybrid electronic device that consists of passive electrical and active silicon components that come together to help protect laser diodes from electrostatic discharge (ESD) and power surges....

Products : Photonics/Optics
Spectral Surface Mapping Software

CRAIC Technologies (San Dimas, CA) recently announced Spectral Surface MappingTM (S2MTM) capabilities for its UV-visible-NIR microspectrophotometers. S2MTM gives CRAIC microspectrometer users the ability to map the spectral responses across surfaces of their samples...

Products : Photonics/Optics
CMOS Video Camera Platform

Forza Silicon (Pasadena, CA) has introduced the Forza 100+ MP CAM Platform featuring a customizable CMOS image sensor operating at 60 frames per second (fps) and supporting multiple camera resolutions. The dual-mode camera operates in B&W or color and produces high-quality video at the highest resolution and speed...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Sapphire Windows

Edmund Optics® (EO) (Barrington, NJ) recently introduced its new TECHSPEC® Precision Sapphire Windows. These windows are ideal for use in a wide variety of demanding applications, including imaging and spectroscopy, as they offer superior broadband transmission from 0.15-5.5 mm. With excellent...

Products : Photonics/Optics
Thermal Chassis Camera

Sierra-Olympic Technologies, Inc. (Hood River, OR) recently introduced the Vinden CZ 320 continuous zoom thermal chassis camera. The first of two camera models in the series, the Vinden CZ 320 is offered in both 60 Hz and 9 Hz frame rates for the widest possible range of domestic and international customers. The system...

Briefs : Information Technology
Industrial Computed Tomography Inspects Parts in 3D

Avery important stage in the manufacturing and production cycle of a part is designing and verifying a prototype. Very often in the medical, automotive, or aerospace industries, very expensive and valuable parts are cut open to locate internal failures or to retrieve internal measurements. Such...

Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
System Health Monitoring Software Learns System Behavior from Data

The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) software tool uses data mining techniques to automatically characterize nominal system operation by analyzing archived system data. These nominal characterizations are then used to perform near-real-time system health monitoring or to analyze...

Briefs : Medical
Detecting High Stress in Oral Interviews and Text Documents

When a person is interviewed, some of the answers may be inaccurate, or even deceptive, because the person may have either incomplete information, is telling only part of the truth, or is fabricating a false answer, or a combination of all three. When the person is habitually making...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Titan Lake and Shore Sampler

A lake and shore sampling and sample distribution system was developed for a Titan lake environment (93.7 K, in liquid hydrocarbons). The Titan Lake and Shore Sampler (TLASS) would enable the chemical analysis of hydrocarbon lake samples via a Dual Rectilinear Ion and Orbitrap Mass Spectrometer and Nuclear Magnetic...

Briefs : Information Technology
VLBI Antenna Calibration by GPS

The determination of local geodetic parameters for VLBI (very-long-baseline interferometry) antennas is traditionally done by conventional surveying techniques. These techniques are laborious and error-prone. The objective here was to develop a space geodesy method of measuring the parameters to make it easy to...

Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Predicting Heart Age Using Electrocardiography

Knowledge of a patient’s cardiac age, or “heart age,” could prove useful to both patients and physicians for encouraging lifestyle changes that are potentially beneficial for cardiovascular health. This may be particularly true for patients who exhibit symptoms, but who test negative for...

Briefs : Information Technology
Machine Vision for High-Precision Volume Measurement in Levitated Materials Processing

A new program has been written that utilizes advanced numerical methods to perform high-precision, sub-pixel volume measurements of samples that are processed containerlessly. The volume measurements are essential for the measurement of density and thermal...

Briefs : Information Technology
Lunar Mapper v1

Lunar Mapper (LM) is a Web-based software that allows visualization of lunar spatial data layers acquired from lunar missions and other sources. The data includes imagery, digital elevation models, resource maps, and model output. LM is accessed using standard Web browsers and uses open-source tools and libraries. The data is...

Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Integrated and Automated Software Test Environment for JPL Software Defined Radio

Software has been developed that provides an integrated and automated test environment for the Space Telecommunications Radio System (STRS). This software package is Linux based and provides interactive and scripted control to test the JPL Software Defined Radio...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Design and Analysis of Metal-to-Composite Nozzle Extension Joints

Analysis, design, fabrication, and testing were performed to create a new joint design for potential use in attaching a domestically available carbon-carbon (C–C) nozzle extension to the turbine exhaust manifold of a J-2X engine. Various attachment methods were investigated for...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Modeling Laser Ablation and Plume Chemistry in a Boron Nitride Nanotube Production Rig

The future of manned and unmanned spaceflight and exploration depends on economical access to space through multifunctional, lightweight materials. Boron nitride nanotube (BNNT) composites offer distinct advantages for enhanced survivability during long-term...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Damage-Free Finishing of Silicon X-Ray Optics Using Magnetic Field-Assisted Finishing

Thin, segmented mirrors have been fabricated from monocrystalline silicon blocks. The material is economically viable, and is virtually free of internal stress because of its nearly perfect crystalline structure. The mirror surfaces will first be accurately...

Briefs : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Smart Crucibles and Heat Pipes

Near-net-shape vacuum plasma spray (VPS) forming techniques were developed to produce advanced components with internal features such as smart heat pipes and crucibles. The initial results demonstrated the ability to incorporate features such as channels and a porous layer within the wall of a smart crucible.

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Technology-Independent RHBD Library Through Gate Array Approach

As semiconductor technology nodes scale down, the limitation on polysilicon pitch makes it almost impossible to shrink libraries built for previous technologies. To design a library for a new technology, all of the cells have to basically start from scratch. Starting over for each...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Advanced Pulse Compression System and Testbed

Detection of low-level water clouds from space is one of the outstanding challenges in radar remote sensing. Spaceborne remote sensing is the only means of assessing the distribution and variability of cloud cover on a global basis. Uncertainties in models of the Earth’s heating budget will persist...

Briefs : Electronics & Computers
Quasi-Static Electric Field Generator

This innovation is an electric field “illumination” system that is a companion component to the e-Sensor. This generator, when combined with the e-Sensor, enables a new, nondestructive inspection technology called electric field imaging (EFI) by producing spatially uniform, large-magnitude, quasi-static...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Hydraulic High-Pressure Valve Controller Using the In Situ Pressure Difference

Various applications exist where high-pressure valves are required, but the problem for control of such valves lies in that they have to move against a strong pressure differential that may require significant force, energy, and large actuators. The solution to this...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Safely Testing Parachute-Based Extraction Systems

This invention relates to the safe, reliable, and repeatable testing under external load of the Extraction Force Transfer Coupling (EFTC) currently used in the extraction of airdrop platforms from both the C-17 and C-130 cargo transport aircraft. The invention enables functional testing of the...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Hybrid Gear

Reducing stiffness-induced gear noise and making lighter-weight gearing components would be a substantial advantage over the current all-metallic configuration. The use of composites to join metallic hubs to the metallic gear rim would reduce manufacturing costs of large aerospace gears, with weight reductions and modified...

Briefs : Aerospace
Flap Side Edge Liners for Airframe Noise Reduction

One of the more critical constraints to the continued growth of air traffic is the related concern regarding aircraft noise. This concern has resulted in increasingly stringent noise restrictions for airports, both nationally and internationally. One of the major stretch goals for NASA is to...

Briefs : Aerospace
GEO-CAPE Airborne Simulator (GCAS)

This IRAD (Internal Research and Development) project was conceived as an aircraft instrument and designed with specifications that are closely aligned with the science requirements of the Geostationary Coastal and Air Pollution Events (GEO-CAPE) mission. The work has been used to both advance the technology...

Briefs : Aerospace
Mars Science Laboratory Flight Software

Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) flight software is designed to control all onboard functions of the flight system, consisting of three primary stages — cruise, entry-descent-landing (EDL), and rover — for the three mission phases. These three stages have common as well as distinct mission requirements...

Briefs : Aerospace
Airspace Concepts Evaluation System

Current trends indicate the significant increase in National Airspace System (NAS) flight congestion and delays. The Airspace Concepts Evaluation System (ACES) provides a NAS modeling and simulation environment capable of assessing the impact of new NAS concepts, technologies, and simulation architecture. ACES...

Briefs : Aerospace
MAVEN Flight and Ground Software

This software was developed for GSFC’s MAVEN (Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN) program. The source of the MAVEN software was previously NASA program baselines for Juno, GRAIL, and MRO. Reused and re-engineered code from previous programs was combined with some new code to form the MAVEN program software...

Briefs : Medical
Prediction of Visual Acuity from Wavefront Aberrations

Visual acuity (clearness of vision) usually is measured by an eye doctor using an eye chart. It measures the smallest letters that can be reliably identified by the patient at a specified distance. The traditional test requires the patient to look and report which letters they see.

Briefs : Medical
Mobility Augmentation System Using Switchable Spring Mechanisms

The disclosed device provides key elements to enabling compact exercise machines that overcome many of the disadvantages of the current spacesuit, as well as medical prosthetics and exoskeletons. The mechanism is based on switchable, curved, leaf, and torsion spring mechanisms that...

Briefs : Information Technology
Time Series Product Tool (TSPT) Version 2.0

The Time Series Product Tool (TSPT) is a MATLAB-based software application that computes and displays high-quality vegetation and environmental monitoring indices from high temporal revisit rate Mod erate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and other satellite sensors. The original purpose of...

Briefs : Information Technology
NASA Data Acquisition System (NDAS)

The test complexes at John C. Stennis Space Center (SSC) require reliable and accurate data acquisition in order to analyze the results of rocket engine tests. Acquisition systems include high-speed data, low-speed data, event monitoring, and video feeds. In order to obtain accurate data, routine calibrations...

Briefs : Information Technology
Integrated Genomic and Proteomic Information Security Protocol

A security protocol requires a cryptanalysis infrastructure not available to most attackers.

The motivation for this research is the fact that, for a variety of reasons, networks and their existing authentication and confidentiality infrastructure are becoming more...

Briefs : Software
Flight Processor Virtualization for Size, Weight, and Power Reduction

This work demonstrated the cost-saving and fault-tolerant benefits of virtualization technology by consolidating the flight software from multiple flight processors into a single virtualized system. In this study, a flight software system that was originally deployed on six...

Briefs : Software
Massively Parallel Dantzig-Wolfe Decomposition Applied to Traffic Flow Scheduling

Traffic flow management (TFM) of the National Airspace System (NAS) endeavors to deliver flights from their origins to their destinations while minimizing delays and respecting all capacities. There are several models for solving this problem. Some models aggregate...

Briefs : Software
Mission Control Technologies (MCT)

MCT enables users to compose software from objects that can be assembled by end users to create integrated functionality. Applications are eliminated in favor of compositions of “live objects” that can be combined in different ways for different users and missions as required, in contrast to the more...

Products
Product of the Month: November 2014

MSC Software Corp., Newport Beach, CA, has introduced the MSC Apex computer-aided engineering (CAE) platform, a Computational Parts-based CAE system. The platform enables predictive product development in the earlier stages of design. The platform is powered by a CAE-specific direct modeling and meshing engine...

Techs for License : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Products of Tomorrow: November 2014

The technologies NASA develops don’t just blast off into space. They also improve our lives here on Earth. Life-saving search-and-rescue tools, implantable medical devices, advances in commercial aircraft safety, increased accuracy in weather forecasting, and the miniature cameras in our cellphones are just...

Articles : Materials
Evaluating Electrically Insulating Epoxies

Epoxies are versatile polymer systems that are “go-to materials” for electrical, electronic, and microelectronic systems, especially in applications where outstanding electrical insulation properties are needed. Their wide usage is due to their excellent adhesion to a wide variety of substrates,...

Application Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Integrated Data Acquisition and Measurement Hardware Tests New Launch System
NI PXI DMM and NI PXI multifunction DAQ module
National Instruments
Austin, TX
1-800-531-5066
www.ni.com

Larger than the Saturn V rocket and designed to eventually take crewed missions to Mars, the Space Launch System (SLS) will be the...

Articles : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Cabin Pressure Monitors Notify Pilots to Save Lives

NASA Technology

Typical cruising altitudes for business and commercial aircraft are up to 50,000 feet or more. At such altitudes, the oxygen concentrations in the air are much lower than on the ground. Occupants could not survive in this environment without pressure inside the aircraft...

Articles : Robotics, Automation & Control
2014 Create the Future Design: Grand Prize Winner
Behrokh Khoshnevis
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, CA

Contour Crafting (CC) is a computerized construction method that 3D prints large-scale structures directly from architectural CAD models. Walls are built up by forming their outer surfaces via extrusion of...

Articles : Aerospace
2014 Create the Future Design: Aerospace & Defense Category Winner

The Polariton Interferometer — A Novel Inertial Navigation System

Frederick Moxley
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, LA
Articles : Robotics, Automation & Control
2014 Create the Future Design: Machinery/Automation/Robotics Category Winner
Rikki Razdan, Alan Kielar, Pat Stearns, and Melissa White
ISCAN Inc.
Woburn, MA

The intrinsic speed and precision of the human ocular-motor system makes the eye an ideal pointing device for human-machine interface. Eye tracking has not yet been...

Articles : Automotive
2014 Create the Future Design: Automotive & Transportation Category Winner
Steve Arnold
Engine Systems Innovations, Inc.
Rancho Palos Verdes, CA

Passenger car engines are sized to produce very high horsepower to suit the consumer’s demand for drivability and performance. Unfortunately, engines run most efficiently at high...

Articles : Manufacturing & Prototyping
2014 Create the Future Design: Consumer Products Category Winner
Michael Zach, Anirudha Sumant, and Jonathan Moritz
EChem Nanowires
Stevens Point, WI

NanoFab Lab … In a Box!™ is a shoebox-sized kit that allows high school students to manufacture hi-tech patterned nanowires in the classroom. The educational kit provides...

Articles : Electronics & Computers
2014 Create the Future Design: Electronics Category Winner

A Paradigm Shift for SMT Electronics: Micro-Coil Springs Interconnection for Ceramic and Plastic Grid Array Packaged Integrated Circuits

Jim Hester and Mark Strickland
NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
Huntsville, AL

Micro-coil springs (MCS) provide...

Articles : Medical
2014 Create the Future Design: Medical Category Winner

HemeChip for Early Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Disease

Yunus Alapan, Ryan Ung, Megan Romelfanger, Asya Akkus, Connie Piccone, Jane Little, and Umut Gurkan
Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, OH

The Hemoglobin-Electrophoresis Biochip (HemeChip) can rapidly,...

Articles : Energy
2014 Create the Future Design: Sustainable Technologies Category Winner

ecovent Systems — Make Every Room the Right Temperature

Dipul Patel, Yoel Kelman, Nick Lancaster, Shawn Rose, and Brian Bowen
ecovent Systems
Boston, MA

Most homes have only one thermostat, so they operate like a house with only one light...

Articles : Manufacturing & Prototyping
2014 Create the Future Design Contest

The 2014 Create the Future Design Contest – sponsored by COMSOL, Inc., Mouser Electronics, and Tech Briefs Media Group (publishers of NASA Tech Briefs) – recognized innovation in product design in seven categories: Aerospace & Defense, Automotive/Transportation, Consumer Products, Electronics,...

Articles : Lighting
State-of-the-Art Testing for LED Lamps and Luminaires

Unlike previous lighting requirements, LED testing has become more stringent and complicated, and involves a significant number of tests for various lighting characteristics. From measuring lumen output, efficacy, correlated color temperature (CCT), color rendering index (CRI), and...

Articles : Lighting
Fluid Dispensing Solutions for LEDs

LED lighting is popular because many governments are banning incandescent bulbs to save energy and carbon dioxide, especially for general lighting. In the automotive industry LEDs are being used because they save energy and costs, especially with the migration to hybrid cars and electric vehicles, and because...

Articles : Lighting
Choosing the Right Circuit Protection for LEDs
Choosing the Right Circuit Protection for LEDs

Approximately 25 percent of global energy consumption goes to lighting applications, so making lighting more energy-efficient could have a dramatic impact on overall energy usage or make more...

Choosing the Right Circuit Protection for LEDs
Application Briefs : Lighting
Solar Powered LEDs Offer Security to Mesa Residential Community

When residents of the Park Centre Casitas residential community in Mesa, Arizona, got together and hired a security company to survey the property and suggest ways to keep it safe, the security company suggested adding perimeter lighting.

Application Briefs : Lighting
LEDs Reduce Energy Consumption for Monte Carlo Resort’s Street of Dreams

Light Efficient Design, a division of TADD, LLC, recently completed an LED retrofit project in the busy “Street of Dreams” retail area of the Monte Carlo Casino and Resort. Monte Carlo, one of 10 MGM resorts on the Las Vegas Strip, replaced 96 500-watt halogen lamps...

Briefs : Lighting
Quantum Dots Improve Colors on TV and Computer Screens
Quantum Dots Improve Colors on TV and Computer Screens

High-tech specks called quantum dots could bring brighter, more vibrant color to mass market TVs, tablets, phones and other displays. A new technology called 3M quantum dot enhancement...

Quantum Dots Improve Colors on TV and Computer Screens
Briefs : Lighting
Scientists Create Semiconductor Junction Only Three Atoms Thick

Scientists at the University of Washington have developed what they believe is the thinnest-possible semiconductor, a new class of nanoscale materials made in sheets only three atoms thick. Two of these single-layer semiconductor materials can be connected in an atomically seamless...

News : Lighting
Researchers Solve the Mystery of Efficiency Droop in LEDs

The ordinary light bulb is an innovation so extraordinary that a sudden brilliant idea is called “a light bulb moment.” Credit for inventing the first incandescent-style light bulb often goes to Thomas Edison, but even that wasn’t a light bulb moment. In fact, his patent for an...

News : Lighting
Pyramid Scheme for Brighter Organic LEDs Could Produce Better Light Bulbs

The most common kind of light bulb in the United States— the incandescent—is only about 5 percent efficient. The phosphorescent organic light-emitting diode, on the other hand, makes light out of 100 percent of the electricity that goes into it. They're good for...

Products : Lighting
LED Solar Simulator

Oriel Instruments (Bozeman, MT), a Newport Company, has introduced the LSH-7320 LED Class ABA Solar Simulator. Compared to conventional solar simulators with Xenon sources, the LED-based solar simulator provides fast turn-on, a much longer lifetime, and reduced waste heat for easy integration into glove boxes. The system is...

Products : Lighting
Wireless Software Suite

CEL (Santa Clara, CA) has announced the field trial release of its new MeshWorks™ wireless software suite. This new platform unites several tools to help create and simplify a complete mesh network design as part of the Internet of Things (IoT).

Products : Lighting
Light Controller

EVT (Karlsruhe, Germany) presents a new light controller for difficult lighting situations. The Eye-MIO Light controller can be connected to sys tems with RS232, USB and Ethernet. EyeMIO Light is suitable for almost any lighting situation, from flash to auton omous control of sequence lighting (e.g. shape from shading). With the...

Products : Lighting
LED Spot Lamp

DELO (Windach, Germany) now offers a new, high-intensity LED spot lamp with a wavelength of 400 nm. The DELOLUX 50 allows for fast, reliable, pinpoint curing of adhesive layers with thicknesses up to 10 mm, making it suitable for transmission through plastics like polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), polycarbonate (PC) or polyamide (PA)....