December 2017

News : Photonics/Optics
A Real Engineering Feat: Two Holograms on One Surface
A Real Engineering Feat: Two Holograms on One Surface
For years many engineers have assumed that you cannot encode more than one holographic image in a single surface — at least without losing resolution. Caltech researchers made the idea a reality.
A Real Engineering Feat: Two Holograms on One Surface
Blog : Imaging
The Top Tech Briefs Stories of 2017
The Top Tech Briefs Stories of 2017

With another year of Tech Briefs almost in the books, it's time to look at our most-read news articles of 2017.

Top stories included a look back at the life of Robert Goddard, and a look forward to...

The Top Tech Briefs Stories of 2017
INSIDER : Communications
Radar Sees Through Walls – By Seeking Symmetry
Radar Sees Through Walls – By Seeking Symmetry
Using a narrow band of microwave frequencies, researchers at Duke University found a new way to see on the other side of the wall.
Radar Sees Through Walls – By Seeking Symmetry
Blog : Energy
Will Electric Vehicles Surpass Combustion Engine Vehicles?
Is the future electric? A reader asks an expert from Mercedes-Benz.
News : Medical
Sound-Off: What 3D-Printing Method is Best – FDM, SLS, or SLA?
A Tech Briefs reader asks our expert to compare three 3D-printing techniques.
News : Sensors/Data Acquisition
A Giant Leap: Reconstructing NASA’s Moon-Mission Audio
A Giant Leap: Reconstructing NASA’s Moon-Mission Audio
During the historic Apollo 11 mission, the astronauts, mission control specialists, and back-room support staff did plenty of communicating. The University of Texas at Dallas launched a project to make all of the moon-mission audio accessible.
A Giant Leap: Reconstructing NASA’s Moon-Mission Audio
News : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sound-Off: The Most ‘Startling’ Discovery in IoT? A Lack of Security

The “Internet of Things” links a variety of devices, from computers and industrial machines to heart monitors and robots. The interconnection also leads to some “startling” data-transfer discoveries, according to one NASA pro.

News : Communications
Lost in Space: Smart Spacesuits Feature 'Home' Button
Lost in Space: Smart Spacesuits Feature 'Home' Button

During a routine spacewalk, astronauts can easily lose their sense of orientation and direction. Creators of a new kind of spacesuit aim to address the challenge — with the push of a...

Lost in Space: Smart Spacesuits Feature 'Home' Button
INSIDER : Materials
Taming Vortices – Polymers Ease Fluid Flow
Taming Vortices – Polymers Ease Fluid Flow

A vortex in the atmosphere can churn with enough power to create a typhoon. But more subtle vortices form constantly in nature. Many of them are too small to be seen with the naked eye....

Taming Vortices – Polymers Ease Fluid Flow
INSIDER : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Printing a Better Actuator
Printing a Better Actuator

One technology uses magnetic fields to generate mechanical work. The other enhances the magnetic properties of 3D-printed materials. Combined, they could lead to efficient, economical production of magnetic...

Printing a Better Actuator
Question of the Week
Would you use "Printed Wi-Fi?"

This week, Tech Briefs TV featured an additive-manufacturing technology from the University of Washington.

News : Aerospace
How Model Rockets Launch Tomorrow’s Engineers
How Model Rockets Launch Tomorrow’s Engineers
If you ask engineers about their early days, many can't avoid talking about a favorite toy: the model rocket.
How Model Rockets Launch Tomorrow’s Engineers
News : Materials
Tough, Self-Healing Rubber Developed
Tough, Self-Healing Rubber Developed

Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped.

Tough, Self-Healing Rubber Developed
News : Electronics & Computers
Artificial 'Skin' Gives Robotic Hand A Sense Of Touch
Artificial 'Skin' Gives Robotic Hand A Sense Of Touch

A team of researchers from the University of Houston has reported a breakthrough in stretchable electronics that can serve as an artificial skin, allowing a robotic hand to sense the...

Artificial 'Skin' Gives Robotic Hand A Sense Of Touch
News : Medical
Researchers Report New Way To Make Dissolving Electronics
Researchers Report New Way To Make Dissolving Electronics

Researchers from the University of Houston and China have reported a new type of electronic device that can be triggered to dissolve through exposure to water molecules in the...

Researchers Report New Way To Make Dissolving Electronics
News : Medical
Breakthrough Device Heals Organs With A Single Touch
Breakthrough Device Heals Organs With A Single Touch

Researchers at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and Ohio State's College of Engineering have developed a new technology: Tissue Nanotransfection or TNT. It can generate any...

Breakthrough Device Heals Organs With A Single Touch
Products
Product of the Month: December 2017
Boothroyd Dewhurst, Wakefield, RI, announced Design for Manufacturing (DFM) Concurrent Costing Version 3.0.
News : Aerospace
Expert INSIDER: How Mehdi Khorrami Uses Simulation to Address Aircraft Noise
Expert INSIDER: How Mehdi Khorrami Uses Simulation to Address Aircraft Noise
NASA’s Mehdi Khorrami explains how he uses high-performance computing to handle one of the FAA’s biggest complaints: aircraft noise.
Expert INSIDER: How Mehdi Khorrami Uses Simulation to Address Aircraft Noise
News : Automotive
Sound-Off: How Should Universities Prepare Tomorrow’s Vehicle Designers?
The skill set for tomorrow’s automotive designer? A combination of traditional engineering, physical sciences, mathematics, and, more than ever, ethics.
Question of the Week
Did You Ever Launch Model Rockets?

Our lead story today emphasized the inspirational role of the model rocket. What do you think? Did you ever launch model rockets?

Question of the Week : Software
Will Ethics Training be Essential for Tomorrow's Design Engineers?

In our second INSIDER story, Patti Kreh demonstrated that colleges and universities will need to take an "interdisciplinary" approach to train the design engineers of the future.

"What we're seeing is the need for the blending of disciplines – a combination of...

Q&A : Electronics & Computers
Q&A: Dr. Raheem Beyah, Interim Steve W. Chaddick School Chair and Motorola Foundation Professor and Associate Chair, Georgia Tech School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Atlanta, GA

Dr. Beyah and a team of researchers from Georgia Tech and Rutgers University have developed a three-layer system to verify that components produced using...

Briefs : Motion Control
Vacuum System Powers Modular Soft Robot
Vacuum System Powers Modular Soft Robot

Researchers at the Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL) have created the first functional robot powered entirely by vacuum. It is made of soft building blocks that move by having air sucked...

Vacuum System Powers Modular Soft Robot
Application Briefs : Motion Control
Pick-and-Place System Delivers Improved Productivity and Safety
Pick-and-Place System Delivers Improved Productivity and Safety

Deciding between a gantry and a robot for your application isn’t always as clear-cut as it may seem. To automate a simple, yet time-consuming and potentially dangerous task in...

Pick-and-Place System Delivers Improved Productivity and Safety
Articles : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Trends in Hydraulic Filtration
Trends in Hydraulic Filtration

Proper filtration plays an important role in ensuring that hydraulic systems operate trouble-free. High-performance filters maintain the cleanliness of the hydraulic fluid over its entire service life. In...

Trends in Hydraulic Filtration
Application Briefs : Motion Control
Miniature Linear Bearings Help Prolong Curiosity’s Mars Mission
Miniature Linear Bearings Help Prolong Curiosity’s Mars Mission

The launch, landing, and overall mission of NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) is arguably one of the most daring — and successful — space exploration endeavors ever...

Miniature Linear Bearings Help Prolong Curiosity’s Mars Mission
Briefs : Motion Control
Soft Robotic Gripper Manipulates Objects Without Training
Soft Robotic Gripper Manipulates Objects Without Training

An engineering team at the University of California San Diego has designed and built a gripper that can pick up and manipulate objects without needing to see them and without being...

Soft Robotic Gripper Manipulates Objects Without Training
Briefs : Motion Control
Multi-Legged Robot Reconfigures in Real Time
Multi-Legged Robot Reconfigures in Real Time

Scientists at Disney Research have developed a modular, reconfigurable legged robot named Snapbot that can move forward, interact with its environment, and perform other tasks based on a number of...

Multi-Legged Robot Reconfigures in Real Time
Products : Electronics & Computers
New Products: December 2017 Motion Design
New Products: December 2017 Motion Design

Corrosion-Resistant Valve

GF Piping Systems (Irvine, CA) introduced a corrosion-resistant pneumatic diaphragm valve for highly corrosive dosing and open/close applications. The Type 604/605...

New Products: December 2017 Motion Design
Briefs : Motion Control
Paper-Folding Techniques Expand Compacted Spacecraft
Paper-Folding Techniques Expand Compacted Spacecraft

Origami has once again inspired engineers at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Besides aesthetic beauty, the Japanese tradition of paper-folding addresses a persistent problem...

Paper-Folding Techniques Expand Compacted Spacecraft
Briefs : Motion Control
Webb Telescope Actuators Move with Microscopic Accuracy
Webb Telescope Actuators Move with Microscopic Accuracy

The James Webb Space Telescope will be the most powerful space telescope ever built. With a 21-foot diameter, the telescope’s primary mirror is six times larger than the one used by...

Webb Telescope Actuators Move with Microscopic Accuracy
Articles : Robotics, Automation & Control
LEARNING TO CRAWL: Origami Robot Moves Like an Earthworm
LEARNING TO CRAWL: Origami Robot Moves Like an Earthworm

A team of engineers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign built a new kind of crawler robot. The wheel-less design takes inspiration from two unconventional sources:...

LEARNING TO CRAWL: Origami Robot Moves Like an Earthworm
Briefs : Imaging
Device-Free Motion Tracing Using WiFi Signals
Device-Free Motion Tracing Using WiFi Signals

Fine-grained human motion tracing — the ability to trace the trajectory of a moving human hand or leg, or even the whole body — is a general capability that is useful in a wide variety of...

Device-Free Motion Tracing Using WiFi Signals
Briefs : Materials
Rubber Material Enables Scratch-Proof Surfaces
Rubber Material Enables Scratch-Proof Surfaces

The slippery state caused by water or oil is called superlubricity — where there is basically no friction on a surface. In graphene, this superlubricity state comes from atomic orbitals that...

Rubber Material Enables Scratch-Proof Surfaces
Briefs : Communications
Zero-Power Radio Receiver

There are several different types of wireless radio frequency identification (RFID) tags that are truly zero-power radios. Currently, most unpowered wireless RFID tags only have a range of a few meters. There are longrange, low-powered tags that draw energy either from a battery or some other form of localized power. A...

Briefs : Semiconductors & ICs
Ultrathin Semiconductor Materials “Rust” to Insulate Circuitry
Ultrathin Semiconductor Materials “Rust” to Insulate Circuitry

Silicon has several qualities that have led it to become the bedrock of electronics. One is that it features a very good “native” insulator — silicon dioxide, or...

Ultrathin Semiconductor Materials “Rust” to Insulate Circuitry
Briefs : Communications
System Integrates High-Speed Data and Wireless Power Transfer

Sources of wireless power — such as wireless cellphone charging pads — require near-physical contact with the pad, limiting the usefulness of a truly wireless power source. Recent work has extended wireless power to mid-range, which can supply power at inches to feet of...

Briefs : Imaging
Detector System for High-Resolution Imaging
Detector System for High-Resolution Imaging

A large-area detector without any dead space capable of handling a large dynamic range does not currently exist. Current large-area detectors have dead zones created by abutting several modules...

Detector System for High-Resolution Imaging
Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
KSC Weather Data Archive

The Spaceport Weather Data Archive provides a fully searchable database of weather data gathered at Kennedy Space Center (KSC) and the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. Not only can the user easily retrieve data and download it, but the user can also view graphically the weather data on a map overlay. The data are...

Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
BOPPERS: Autonomous Underwater Environmental Monitoring System
BOPPERS: Autonomous Underwater Environmental Monitoring System

A device has been developed that is capable of relatively lengthy unattended operations and high sampling frequency of underwater environmental data anywhere in the world. The...

BOPPERS: Autonomous Underwater Environmental Monitoring System
Briefs : Imaging
Method for Tracking Moving Targets
Method for Tracking Moving Targets

Moving target indication (MTI) methodologies are essential tools to detect, locate, recognize, and track the moving targets of interest in a movie or video sequence. Different MTI methodologies can be...

Method for Tracking Moving Targets
Briefs : Communications
Tunable, High-Isolation RF/Microwave Circulator
Tunable, High-Isolation RF/Microwave Circulator

A new high-isolation RF circulator provides enhanced detection ranges (radar) and improved reception (communications) by reducing signal leakage and undesirable internal reflections between...

Tunable, High-Isolation RF/Microwave Circulator
Briefs : Imaging
Method Uses Drones and WiFi to Enable 3D Through-Wall Imaging
Method Uses Drones and WiFi to Enable 3D Through-Wall Imaging

WiFi signals are everywhere. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs, or drones) are expected to become a larger part of everyday life. A new methodology was developed for high-resolution,...

Method Uses Drones and WiFi to Enable 3D Through-Wall Imaging
Briefs : Communications
Autonomous Positioning and Navigation Network
Autonomous Positioning and Navigation Network

Engineers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center have developed a machine-to-machine (M2M) network navigation protocol to enable spacecraft to perform autonomous navigation and positioning,...

Autonomous Positioning and Navigation Network
Briefs : Materials
Aluminum Alloy for High-Temperature Applications

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center originally developed a high-performance piston alloy to meet U.S. legislative restrictions on vehicular exhaust hydrocarbon emissions. NASA 398 aluminum alloy exhibits excellent tensile and fatigue strength at elevated temperatures. NASA 398 alloy also offers...

Briefs : Materials
Strong, Self-Healing Rubber
Strong, Self-Healing Rubber

Self-healing hydrogels rely on water to incorporate reversible bonds that can promote healing. Engineering self-healing properties in dry materials, such as rubber, has proven more challenging because rubber is...

Strong, Self-Healing Rubber
Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
Electromagnetic Mop (EMop) for Oil Spill Cleanup

The spillage of oil into the environment is an ongoing concern. Marine oil spills draw much attention because the oil harms marine animals and floral life. Current methods to aid in cleaning up the oil include containment booms, oil skimmers, and dispersants. Chemical dispersants are a tradeoff...

Application Briefs : Aerospace
Software Helps Optimize World’s Largest All-Composite Aircraft
Software Helps Optimize World’s Largest All-Composite Aircraft
Collier Research Corp.
Newport News, VA
HyperSizer.com

When the Stratolaunch aircraft rolled out of the Mojave, CA Air and Space Port hangar this spring...

Software Helps Optimize World’s Largest All-Composite Aircraft
Briefs : Materials
Multi-Functional Yarns and Fabrics with Anti-Microbial, Anti-Static, and Anti-Odor Characteristics

Prior art fabrics used to manufacture military combat uniforms typically are made from yarns comprised of a blend of cotton and nylon fibers. This blend supports dyeing and printing techniques that use a combination of acid and vat dyes to impart a...

Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
Detecting Low-Level Harmful Substances in a Large Volume of Fluid

There are many applications requiring the detection and concentration of harmful substances in a fluid; for example, detecting the presence and concentration of a microbial pathogen in a source of drinking water such as a lake, reservoir, river, stream, storage tank, water main,...

Briefs : Green Design & Manufacturing
Flood Impact Analysis Tool
Flood Impact Analysis Tool

NASA Langley resides in an area prone to tidal flooding. During events that were expected to lead to flooding, there were requests for maps showing the predicted flood level and what infrastructure may be impacted,...

Flood Impact Analysis Tool
Briefs : Imaging
Image-Based User Authentication

In other user authentication systems, a user authenticates identity by selecting a particular image that is then matched to a previous choice. This invention enables greater security for access control systems by combining facial recognition technology with a user authentication question.

Briefs : Communications
Paper-Thin Device Acts as a Loudspeaker and Microphone
Paper-Thin Device Acts as a Loudspeaker and Microphone

A paper-thin, flexible device was created that can generate energy from human motion, and can act as a loudspeaker and microphone. The transducer is ultrathin, flexible, scalable, and...

Paper-Thin Device Acts as a Loudspeaker and Microphone
Application Briefs : Sensors/Data Acquisition
Sensor Assists NASA with Wearable CO2 Monitor
Sensor Assists NASA with Wearable CO2 Monitor
SST Sensing Ltd.Coatbridge,
UK
www.sstsensing.com

Studies show that heightened carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations can have an adverse effect on the human...

Sensor Assists NASA with Wearable CO2 Monitor
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Modular Fixturing for Assembly and Welding Applications
Modular Fixturing for Assembly and Welding Applications

Researchers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center have developed new modular fixtures for holding metal in place during the assembly and welding of cylindrical and conical sections...

Modular Fixturing for Assembly and Welding Applications
Briefs : Aerospace
Portable Runway Intersection Display and Monitoring System

Developed at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, the subject technology is a portable airport runway/taxiway intersection lighting system and signage designed to prevent incursions. This proposed runway incursion prevention solution aids in the management and prevention of airport...

Briefs : Aerospace
Networked In-Flight Validation Environment for Air Traffic Management Concepts
Networked In-Flight Validation Environment for Air Traffic Management Concepts

Modernization of the National Airspace System (NAS) will involve future air traffic management (ATM) concepts of operation and technology frameworks that rely on...

Networked In-Flight Validation Environment for Air Traffic Management Concepts
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Handheld Spectral Analyzer for Point-of-Care Diagnostics
Handheld Spectral Analyzer for Point-of-Care Diagnostics

A spectral transmission-reflectance-intensity (TRI) analyzer was developed that attaches to a smartphone and analyzes patient blood, urine, or saliva samples as reliably as...

Handheld Spectral Analyzer for Point-of-Care Diagnostics
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
On-line Phased Array Ultrasonic Testing (PAUT) System for Friction Stir Welding (FSW)

Friction Stir Welding (FSW) is a relatively new solid-state welding process, and many industries are now relying on this technique to produce advanced structures. Industries employing this technique include, but are not limited to, aeronautical, motor vehicle,...

Briefs : Materials
Sequential/Simultaneous Multi-Metallized Nanocomposites (S2M2N)
Sequential/Simultaneous Multi-Metallized Nanocomposites (S2M2N)

NASA Langley Research Center has developed a method to create Sequential/Simultaneous Multi-Metallized Nanocomposites (S2M2N) via supercritical fluid (SCF) sequential or...

Sequential/Simultaneous Multi-Metallized Nanocomposites (S2M2N)
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Low-Cost, Long-Lasting Valve Seal
Low-Cost, Long-Lasting Valve Seal

This technology is designed to protect against leaks in solenoid, check, manual, and relief valves, as well as disconnects and regulators.

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center has developed a new,...

Low-Cost, Long-Lasting Valve Seal
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Non-Collinear Valve Actuation System
Non-Collinear Valve Actuation System

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center scientists have invented a novel valve actuator where the primary actuating system and return spring system are arranged non-collinearly. In the past, valve actuators...

Non-Collinear Valve Actuation System
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Novel Vent Design Features Variable Flow Control and Rain Protection

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center scientists have designed a vent that can be useful for purging closed compartments, while preventing backflow and foreign object entry. The technology uses a system of configurable devices to provide variable flow control and prevent water,...

Briefs : Aerospace
Three-Dimensional Radiation Ray-Tracing for Hypersonic Entry Vehicles

Shock layer radiation is a form of aerodynamic heating that becomes significant at some entry velocities, depending on the vehicle trajectory and the planet’s atmosphere. Radiation heating is commonly computed with an appropriate method known as the tangent slab approximate...

Articles : Electronics & Computers
Vote for Tech Briefs 23rd Annual Readers' Choice Awards
Vote for Tech Briefs 23rd Annual Readers' Choice Awards
Vote for Tech Briefs 23rd Annual Readers' Choice Awards
Briefs : Aerospace
Flap Edge Noise Reduction Fins
Flap Edge Noise Reduction Fins

NASA’s Langley Research Center has developed aircraft flap tip modifications that reduce noise produced during approach and landing. The modifications are rigid open lattice (honeycomblike) and fin structures...

Flap Edge Noise Reduction Fins
Briefs : Aerospace
Separation Assurance Framework for ACES Simulation

National Airspace (NAS)-wide simulations provide modeling to emulate tens of thousands of flights for full days of traffic in the U.S. They allow system-level research to be conducted for the simulated airspace, and are currently being used by NASA, FAA, and industry to study interactions,...

Articles : Manufacturing & Prototyping
Innovators Recognized for "Creating the Future" 2017
Innovators Recognized for

The Create the Future Design Contest has helped stimulate and reward engineering innovation over the past 16 years, drawing more than 14,000 product designs from engineers, students, and...

Innovators Recognized for
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Novel Design of an Orifice Control Element
Novel Design of an Orifice Control Element

An orifice element is commonly used in liquid rocket engine test facilities either as a flow metering device, a damper for acoustic resonance, or to provide a large reduction in pressure over a very...

Novel Design of an Orifice Control Element
Articles : RF & Microwave Electronics
Products of Tomorrow: December 2017
Products of Tomorrow: December 2017

This column presents technologies that have applications in commercial areas, possibly creating the products of tomorrow. To learn more about each technology, see the contact information provided for that...

Products of Tomorrow: December 2017
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Forward Voltage Short-Pulse Technique for Measuring High-Power Laser Diode Array Junction Temperature
Forward Voltage Short-Pulse Technique for Measuring High-Power Laser Diode Array Junction Temperature

NASA’s Langley Research Center has developed a new technology for measuring the junction temperature of laser diode arrays (LDAs) that...

Forward Voltage Short-Pulse Technique for Measuring High-Power Laser Diode Array Junction Temperature
Articles : Software
How Multiphysics Simulation and App Deployment Boost Product Design
How Multiphysics Simulation and App Deployment Boost Product Design

As new concepts need to be investigated, and a wide range of operating conditions has to be considered, the design of new products and processes must push the limits of...

How Multiphysics Simulation and App Deployment Boost Product Design
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Apparatus and Method to Test Abrasion Resistance of Material Using Airborne Particulate

Prior art techniques for testing abrasion resistance, such as the Taber test and the Bayer test, typically use a rubbing or scratching mechanism to test materials for abrasion resistance; specifically, either an abrasive material is rubbed across the test...

Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Electrochemically Enhanced Mechanical Polishing of Optics

NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center astrophysicists are developing better instruments to measure high-energy X-rays zipping about space when viewed from above the Earth’s atmosphere. Scientists at MSFC adapted a novel method for material removal and super-polishing to the mandrel...

Briefs : Test & Measurement
Miniature Airborne Particle Mass Monitor
Miniature Airborne Particle Mass Monitor

Particulate matter (PM) exposure and health effects have become top U.S. environmental research agenda items over the past decade. Environmental epidemiological studies rely on information from both...

Miniature Airborne Particle Mass Monitor
Briefs : Aerospace
Autonomous Slat-Cove Filler Device
Autonomous Slat-Cove Filler Device

NASA’s Langley Research Center has developed a deployable and stowable mechanical design for filling the cavity behind the leading-edge slat (i.e., slat cove) when it is extended upon landing an aircraft....

Autonomous Slat-Cove Filler Device
Briefs : Mechanical & Fluid Systems
Lower-Chatter Friction Pull Plug Welding (FPPW)
Lower-Chatter Friction Pull Plug Welding (FPPW)

Friction Pull Plug Welding (FPPW) is the process necessary to plug the hole that is left behind as a friction stir weld (FSW) joint is completed and the pin tool of the welder retracts from the...

Lower-Chatter Friction Pull Plug Welding (FPPW)
Articles : Research Lab
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

The Department of Energy’s (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, WA, has been operated by Battelle and its predecessors since the lab’s inception in 1965. For more than 50...

Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Articles : Communications
GPS Correction Technology Lets Tractors Drive Themselves
GPS Correction Technology Lets Tractors Drive Themselves

Spinoff is NASA’s annual publication featuring successfully commercialized NASA technology. This commercialization has contributed to the development of products and services in the...

GPS Correction Technology Lets Tractors Drive Themselves
Briefs : Test & Measurement
Personal Air Sampler for Collecting Airborne Aerosol Particulates for Molecular Analysis by Size

Air sampling is used to collect samples of airborne particles present in an environment. Analyses of the air samples can provide information concerning potential exposure to harmful respirable agents. Bioaerosol sampling can be used to identify...

Briefs : Test & Measurement
Wallops Arc-Second Pointer (WASP)

The Wallops Arc Second Pointer (WASP) is a balloon-borne attitude control system capable of pointing a telescope or instrument with accuracy and stability down to the arc second, or 1/3600 of a degree of angular measurement. When a high-powered telescope is integrated with WASP, it provides a highly precise...

Briefs : Aerospace
Orion Guidance, Navigation, and Control Flight Software

The Orion Spacecraft is NASA’s vehicle for manned exploration outside of low Earth orbit. At the center of the Guidance, Navigation & Control (GN&C) subsystem is the GN&C Flight Software (FSW) that executes on the Vehicle Management Computers (VMCs). This software receives...