High-Energy-Density Science – LLNL is an international leader in high energy density (HED) science that studies matter at conditions of extreme temperature or pressure or under the influence of a strong force such as an intense laser, particle beam, or radiation. In pursuit of its national security missions, LLNL has continually advanced HED science starting in the 1950s with the design of nuclear weapons and extending to today's pursuit of fusion energy and the interpretation of astrophysical observations ranging from black holes to the birth of galaxies. The NIF, the world's premier HED experimental facility, enables the creation and characterization of matter under the most extreme conditions of temperature and pressure achievable in the laboratory, recreating conditions at the center of Earth, giant planets, and the Sun.
Nuclear, Chemical, and Isotopic Science and Technology – Nuclear science and technology has been a defining strength of LLNL since its inception and is essential for sustaining an aging nuclear weapons stockpile and integral to missions in nuclear event forensic analysis, threat reduction, and safeguards. These programs also serve to further neutrino science, the search for dark matter, cosmochemistry, and properties of the heaviest elements. The lab is also an international leader in chemical and isotopic analysis, with basic science and national security programs supported by the Forensic Science Center, one of only two U.S. laboratories to be internationally certified for identifying chemical warfare agents. The center also develops new tools for intelligence, law enforcement, homeland security, and healthcare. Its researchers are developing innovative new forensic techniques, including a revolutionary technique to use hair instead of DNA to identify a person.
The Innovation and Partnerships Office (IPO) serves as a focal point for LLNL engagement with industry. IPO currently has active commercial licenses with more than 100 companies. Licensing and royalty income in recent years has topped $8 million annually, representing more than $300 million in annual sales of products based on LLNL technologies. LLNL technologies have enabled the launch of new businesses that are helping drive economic growth locally, regionally, and beyond.