Researchers from UCLA and the Veterans Affairs Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System have developed a design for an automated, wearable artificial kidney, or AWAK. Around 1980, a similar artificial kidney machine was built which was portable, but not wearable. The new technology would allow patients to go about their regular business while undergoing dialysis.

The peritoneal-based AWAK would function continuously, as natural kidneys do, eliminating patient shocks that occur in traditional hemodialysis. Because it does not involve blood circulation outside the body, it is bloodless. It also regenerates and reuses fluid and protein components in the spent dialysate - the fluid that has abstracted toxins from the patient's blood and which is discarded in current practice - making it waterless, and minimizing or eliminating protein loss.

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