Algorithms created by University of Liverpool will enable a computer to act in much the same way as a human would when it encounters an unknown word.

Researchers at the University of Liverpool have developed a set of algorithms that will help teach computers to process and understand human languages.

While mastering natural language is easy for humans, it is something that computers have not yet been able to achieve. Humans understand language through a variety of ways – for example this might be through looking up words in a dictionary, or by associating it with words in the same sentence in a meaningful way. The algorithms will enable a computer to act in much the same way as a human would it encounters an unknown word. When the computer encounters a word it doesn’t recognize or understand, the algorithms mean it will look up the word in a dictionary (such as the WordNet), and try to guess what other words should appear with this unknown word in the text.

This gives the computer a semantic representation for a word that is both consistent with the dictionary as well as with the context in which it appears in the text. In order to know whether the algorithm has provided the computer with an accurate representation of a word, it compares similarity scores produced using the word representations learnt by the computer algorithm against human rated similarities.

Liverpool computer scientist, Dr Danushka Bollegala, said: “Learning accurate word representations is the first step towards teaching languages to computers. If we can represent the meaning for a word in a way a computer could understand, then the computer will be able to read texts on behalf of humans and perform potentially useful tasks such as translating a text written in a foreign language, summarizing a lengthy article, or find similar other documents from the Internet.”