From cellphones to satellites, industry spends millions on traditional gold alloy electrical contact coatings. While gold and other metal alloys have been an industry standard to protect metal components from wear due to metal-on-metal contact, they still experience deterioration over time. Using a novel synthesis approach, Sandia researchers developed an ultra-wear-resistant platinum gold (Pt-Au) alloy that can replace gold alloys for improved durability, longevity, and reduced costs in electronic devices.
It has long been thought that metals with smaller grains are harder and that harder metals wear more slowly. The present work challenges this conception, showing dramatic improvements in wear resistance by mitigating grain growth. Sandia has shown that Pt-Au — one example of a broad, new class of alloys — is able to resist changes in grain structure at remarkably high stresses and temperatures. Sandia’s Pt-Au alloy has demonstrated 100x higher wear life than conventional coatings with superior electrical conductivity. With demonstrated stability at high temperatures (~500 °C) and a remarkable resistance to fatigue damage, these alloys can reduce device manufacturing constraints, allowing for non-incremental improvements in the life of electrical contacts.
These improvements allow for the reduction of coating thickness resulting from the unparalleled wear resistance, leading to a reduction of material costs. This alloy can be applied using a number of conventional deposition methods, allowing for widespread application in the coatings industry. The Pt-Au alloy can be a cost-effective investment over time for industries seeking superior durability and protection against wear. While originally developed for electronic coatings, this alloy also has potential applications in tribological coatings due to its ability to produce a diamond-like carbon lubricant in service conditions.