A new joint, proposed for use on an attachable debris shield for the International Space Station Service Module, has potential for commercial use in situations where hardware must be assembled and disassembled on a regular basis.
This joint can be useful in a variety of applications, including replacing the joints commonly used on trailer-hitch tongues and temporary structures, such as crane booms and rigging. Other uses for this joint include assembly of structures where simple rapid deployment is essential, such as in space, undersea, and in military structures.
This new joint allows for quick connection between any two structural elements where it is desirable to have rotation in all three axes. The joint can be fastened by moving the two halves into position. The joint is then connected by inserting the ball into the bore of the base. When the joint ball is fully inserted, the joint will lock with full strength. Release of this joint involves only a simple movement and rotation of one part. The joint can then be easily separated.
Most passive capture devices allow only axial rotation when fastened - if any movement is allowed at all. Manually- or power-actuated active joints require an additional action, or power and control signal, as well as a more complex mechanism.
The design for this new joint is relatively simple. It consists of two halves, a ball mounted on a stem (such as those used on a common trailer-hitch ball) and a socket. The socket contains all the moving parts and is the important part of this invention. The socket also has a base, which contains a large central cylindrical bore ending in a spherical cup.
This work was done by Bruce Weddendorf and Richard A. Cloyd of the Marshall Space Flight Center.
Inquiries concerning rights for the commercial use of this invention should be addressed to
the Patent Counsel
Marshall Space Flight Center; (205) 544-0021
Refer to MFS-31146.