A paper presents additional information on the subject matter of “Model of Mixing Layer With Multicomponent Evaporating Drops” (NPO-30505), NASA Tech Briefs, Vol. 28, No. 3 (March 2004), page 55. To recapitulate: A mathematical model of a three-dimensional mixing layer laden with evaporating fuel drops composed of many chemical species has been derived. The model is used to perform direct numerical simulations in continuing studies directed toward understanding the behaviors of sprays of liquid petroleum fuels in furnaces, industrial combustors, and engines. The model includes governing equations formulated in an Eulerian and a Lagrangian reference frame for the gas and drops, respectively, and incorporates a concept of continuous thermodynamics, according to which the chemical composition of a fuel is described by use of a distribution function. In this investigation, the distribution function depends solely on the species molar weight. The present paper reiterates the description of the model and discusses further in-depth analysis of the previous results as well as results of additional numerical simulations assessing the effect of the mass loading. The paper reiterates the conclusions reported in the cited previous article, and states some new conclusions.

Some new conclusions are:

  1. The slower evaporation and the evaporation/condensation process for multicomponent-fuel drops resulted in a reduced drop-size polydispersity compared to their single-component counterpart.
  2. The inhomogeneity in the spatial distribution of the species in the layer increases with the initial mass loading.
  3. As evaporation becomes faster, the assumed invariant form of the molecular-weight distribution during evaporation becomes inaccurate.

This work was done by Josette Bellan and Patrick Le Clercq of Caltech for NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. For further information, access the Technical Support Package (TSP) free on-line at www.techbriefs.com/tsp under the Physical Sciences category.


This Brief includes a Technical Support Package (TSP).
Simulations of Evaporating Multicomponent Fuel Drops

(reference NPO-30641) is currently available for download from the TSP library.

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