Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are being studied for use in high-strength/lowweight composites and other applications. Recent research on thermal dissipation materials for high-power electronic devices is generating a lot of interest in various industries. Carbon nano tubes have attracted much attention due to their extraordinary mechanical and unique electronic properties. Computer chips have been subjected to higher and higher thermal loads, and it is challenging to find new ways to perform heat dissipation. As a result, heat dissipation demand for computer systems is increasing dramatically.

CNTs, which are known to provide high thermal conductivity and to be small and flexible, are suitable for cooling these electronic devices. One critical problem is providing a compliant, usable composite of CNTs with a material that meets other needs for heat dissipation. CNT materials are some of the most versatile materials that possess high thermal conductivity. A method has been developed for cooling a device, such as an electronic device, that produces extreme heat that must be dissipated.

CNT arrays are grown using chemical vapor deposition (plasma or thermal) on a suitable substrate, such as Copper (Cu), with minimal interface resistance. The surface coverage will usually be less than 100 percent. The array is dipped into melted paraffin until the interstitial spaces between adjacent CNTs are filled with paraffin grains. In one embodiment, interstitial regions of CNTs, grown on a substrate, are filled with a first layer of Cu and with a second layer of a mixture of thermal grease and Cu, indium, and/or silver particles. In a second embodiment, the interstitial regions are filled with a mixture of xylene (partly evaporated) and solidified paraffin, and then sliced to a desired thickness. Such a CNT-based composite would quickly and efficiently conduct thermal energy away from the electronic device, providing cooling.

This work was done by Meyya Meyyappan of Ames Research Center. NASA is actively seeking licensees to commercialize this technology. Please contact the Ames Technology Partnerships Office at ARC-TechTransfer@ or 855-627-2249 to initiate licensing discussions. Follow this link for more information: . ARC-16372-1

NASA Tech Briefs Magazine

This article first appeared in the May, 2016 issue of NASA Tech Briefs Magazine.

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