Recent experiments were performed in which return loss and insertion loss of waveguide test assemblies in the frequency range from 325 to 508 GHz were measured by use of a swept-frequency two-port vector network analyzer (VNA) test set. The experiments were part of a continuing effort to develop means of characterizing passive and active electronic components and systems operating at ever increasing frequencies. The waveguide test assemblies comprised WR-2.2 end sections collinear with WR-3.3 middle sections. The test set, assembled from commercially available components, included a 50-GHz VNA scatteringparameter test set and external signal synthesizers, augmented with recently developed frequency extenders, and further augmented with attenuators and amplifiers as needed to adjust radio-frequency and intermediate- frequency power levels between the aforementioned components.

The tests included line-reflect-line calibration procedures, using WR-2.2 waveguide shims as the "line" standards and waveguide flange short circuits as the "reflect" standards. Calibrated dynamic ranges somewhat greater than about 20 dB for return loss and 35 dB for insertion loss were achieved. The measurement data of the test assemblies were found to substantially agree with results of computational simulations.

This work was done by King Man Fung, Lorene Samoska, Goutam Chattopadhyay, Todd Gaier, Pekka Kangaslahti, David Pukala, Yuenie Lau, Charles Oleson, and Anthony Denning of Caltech for NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. For more information, contact iaoffice@

NASA Tech Briefs Magazine

This article first appeared in the February, 2008 issue of NASA Tech Briefs Magazine.

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