Bulky radar domes (known as “radomes”) like those seen on military ships keep ice and freezing rain from forming directly on antennas. The domes themselves, however, must also be kept clear of ice that could damage them or make them unstable.

Ribbons of ultrathin graphene, combined with polyurethane paint meant for cars, is just right for de-icing sensitive military radar domes, according to scientists at Rice University.

The Rice lab of chemist James Tour, in collaboration with Lockheed Martin, developed the compound to protect marine and airborne radars with a robust coating that is also transparent to radio frequencies.

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Also: Learn about the Cloud Absorption Radiometer Autonomous Navigation System.